Ayapa Zoque

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Ayapa Zoque
Tabasco Zoque
Nuumte Oote
Native to Mexico
Region Jalpa de Méndez, Tabasco
Native speakers
2  (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 zoq

Ayapa Zoque (Ayapaneco), or Tabasco Zoque, is a nearly extinct Zoquean language of Ayapa, a village 10 km east of Comalcalco, in Tabasco, Mexico. The native name is Nuumte Oote 'True Voice'.[2] A vibrant, albeit minority, language until the middle of the 20th century, the language suffered after the introduction of compulsory education in Spanish, urbanisation, and migration of its speakers.[2][3] As of 2011, only two people still spoke Ayapaneco fluently, Manuel Segovia (b. ca 1936) and Isidro Velasquez (b. ca 1942).[1]

Daniel Suslak, an Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Indiana University, is one of the linguists working to prepare the first dictionary of the language; his efforts have been hampered by the fact that Mssrs. Segovia and Velazquez do not like each other and refuse to speak, even as part of a recorded conversation for research purposes.[2][4] The Instituto Nacional de Lenguas Indígenas (INALI) (also known as the National Indigenous Languages Institute) has also shown its interest in revitalising the language.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ a b c d Jo Tuckman (2011-04-13). "Language at risk of dying out – the last two speakers aren't talking". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  3. ^ Suslak, D. F. (2011), Ayapan Echoes: Linguistic Persistence and Loss in Tabasco, Mexico. American Anthropologist, 113: 569–581. doi: 10.1111/j.1548-1433.2011.01370.x
  4. ^ "Anthropology Department of the Indiana University". 2011-02-08. Archived from the original on 14 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 

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