Aydie

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Aydie
Vineyards in Aydie
Vineyards in Aydie
Aydie is located in France
Aydie
Aydie
Coordinates: 43°34′14″N 0°06′13″W / 43.5706°N 0.1036°W / 43.5706; -0.1036Coordinates: 43°34′14″N 0°06′13″W / 43.5706°N 0.1036°W / 43.5706; -0.1036
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Garlin
Intercommunality Canton de Garlin
Government
 • Mayor (1995–2020) Maurice Lacoste
Area1 7.86 km2 (3.03 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 140
 • Density 18/km2 (46/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64084 / 64330
Elevation 129–258 m (423–846 ft)
(avg. 148 m or 486 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aydie is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Geography[edit]

Aydie is located some 40 km north-east of Pau and 15 km east of Garlin. The northern border of the commune is the departmental border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Gers and the eastern border is the border with Hautes-Pyrénées. Access to the commune is by the D292 road from Aubous to Arrosès which passes south through the west of the commune. The D317 branches off the D205 west of the commune and goes east through the commune to the village then continues east, changing to the D548 at the border, to join the D48. The commune is mainly farmland with scattered forests in the west.[1]

The Sager river forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Adour at Saint-Mont. Several streams rise in the west of the commune and flow east to join the Sager including the Boutigué which forms part of the northern border of the commune.

Places and Hamlets[edit]

  • Aveillé[2]
  • Bardou
  • Bayliot
  • Boutigué
  • Cau
  • Caunille
  • Le Château[3]
  • Curon[4]
  • Dabadie[5]
  • Estrémau[6]
  • Hardoy
  • Jouandou
  • Laforêt
  • Lafosse
  • Larribau
  • Larrouy
  • Laudique[7]
  • Lerp[8]
  • Maillet[9]
  • Marty
  • Mondain[10]
  • Moulié
  • Mourchette[11]
  • Moutha[12]
  • Parthonnaud[13]
  • Pellé
  • Pessus[14]
  • Poey[15][16]
  • le Pucheu[17]
  • Saint-Martin
  • Thillet

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Aidia. Michel Grosclaude said that the name probably has a common root with Aydius but the origin and meaning of the name remains obscure.[18]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aydie Aidie 1385 Raymond
18
Census Village
Aydia 1542 Raymond
18
Census of Conchez B730, folio 93
Ayrie 1675 Raymond
18
Reformation
Aydie 1750 Cassini
Abbadie Labadie 1385 Raymond
1
Census Farm
Abbadie 1863 Raymond
1
Le Bernet Le Bernet 1863 Raymond
29
Place
Couquillon Couquillon 1863 Raymond
53
Place
L'Herm Lerm 1538 Raymond
77
Reformation Hamlet
L'Herm 1863 Raymond
77
(Vassal of the Viscounts of Bearn)
Mondérous Mondérous 1863 Raymond
115
Vineyard
Les Moulères Les Moulères 1863 Raymond
118
Place
Le Pas du Ber Le Pas du Ber 1863 Raymond
132
Place
Pouey Lo Poey de Seubemea 1487 Raymond
136
Establishments Hamlet
Lo Poey de Solamea 1546 Raymond
136
Reformation
Le Poey Sauvemea 1683 Raymond
136
Reformation
Poey 1750 Raymond
136
Cassini
Le Poey de Sauvemea 1863 Raymond
136

Sources:

Origins:

  • Census: Census of Béarn[20]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[21]
  • Establishments: Register of Establishments of Béarn[22]

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 18 of his 1863 dictionary that in 1395 Aydie had 25 fires and Poey (Page 136) had 6 fires with both of them under the bailiwick of Lembeye.

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[23]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 Maurice Lacoste

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of the Canton of Garlin;
  • the SIVU for roads in the Garlin region;
  • the SIVU for the Lées and its tributaries;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for drinking water in Luy-Gabas-Lées;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 140 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
118 4,276 538 502 566 615 541 570 550
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
514 492 473 474 520 506 435 432 406
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
410 404 382 265 272 258 251 231 203
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
197 191 173 167 165 136 - 140 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The War Memorial
Population of Aydie

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zones of Madiran (Red Madiran wine), Pacherenc-du-vic-bilh (White Madiran wine), and Béarn.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Detail on the school

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Place at Poey (1567)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Farmhouse at Curon (1778)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • A Farmhouse at Moutha (1799)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • A Farmhouse at Parthonnaud (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Farmhouse at Mondain (1815)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • The Maison Lescher Farmhouse at Pessus (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • The Maison Lalanne Farmhouse at Lerp (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • The Maison Jouet Farmhouse at Maillet (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The Maison Frouté Farmhouse at Dabadie (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Farmhouse at Estrémau (1859)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Farmhouse at Mourchette (1859)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Farmhouse at Laudique (1759)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Maison Moulié Farmhouse at Aveillé (1820)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[2]
  • Houses and Farms (18th to 19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • The Chateau Peyre (1895)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[3]
  • A Chateau (destroyed) (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25]
  • A Fortified Building (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[26]
  • A CampLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[27]
  • A Camp at Pucheu (Prehistoric)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint John the Baptist

The commune has three religious sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Monumental Cross at Mondain (1888)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[28]
  • A Presbytery called House of little red pots (1848)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[29]
  • The Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist (11th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[30] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Statue: Virgin and Child (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[31]
    • An Altar, Retable, and Altar Cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[32]
    • 6 Altar Candlesticks (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[33]
    • A Lighting Arm (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[34]
    • A Painting: Christ on the Cross with Saint John, the Virgin, and Madeleine (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[35]
    • A Retable (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[36]
    • 6 Statuettes: Angel adoring, Saint Peter, Saint John, Saint Paul, and Saint Luke (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[37]
    • A Tabernacle (1725)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[38]
    • An Altar with Altar seating (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[39]
    • An Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, Retable, Lighting Arm, and 6 candlesticks (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[40]
    • A Monstrance (1868)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[41]
    • A Pill-box (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[42]
    • A Chalice with Paten (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[43]
    • 2 Paintings: Baptism of Christ and Preaching in the Desert (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[44]
    • A Sideboard (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[45]
    • A Baptismal font (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[46]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Joseph Peyré, born in 1892 at Aydie and died in 1968 at Cannes, was a French writer. He won the Prix Goncourt in 1935 for his book Sang et Lumières (Blood and Lights). He evoked his native village under the pseudonym of Saint-Jean-des-Vignes.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Maps
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026180 Maison Moulié Farmhouse at Aveillé (French)
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026172 Chateau Peyre (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026186 Farmhouse at Curon (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026180 Maison Frouté Farmhouse at Dabadie (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026178 Farmhouse at Estrémau (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026175 Farmhouse at Laudique (French)
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026181 Maison Lalanne Farmhouse at Lerp (French)
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026180 Maison Jouet Farmhouse at Maillet (French)
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026183 Farmhouse at Mondain (French)
  11. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026176 Farmhouse at Mourchette (French)
  12. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026185 Farmhouse at Moutha (French)
  13. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026184 Farmhouse at Parthonnaud (French)
  14. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026182 Maison Lescher Farmhouse at Pessus (French)
  15. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027494 Place at Poey (French)
  16. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  17. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026166 Camp (French)
  18. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  19. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Aydie
  20. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  21. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  22. ^ Manuscripts from the 15th and 16th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  23. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026173 Houses and Farms (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026171 Chateau (destroyed) (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026168 Fortified Building (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026167 Camp (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026170 Monumental Cross at Mondain (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026177 Presbytery called House of little red pots (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026169 Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001594 Statue: Virgin and child (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001593 Altar, Retable, and Altar Cross (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001592 6 Altar Candlesticks (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001591 Lighting Arm (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001590 Christ on the Cross with Saint John, the Virgin, and Madeleine (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001589 Retable (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001588 6 Statuettes: Angel adoring, Saint Peter, Saint John, Saint Paul, and Saint Luke (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001587 Tabernacle (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001586 Altar with Altar seating (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001585 Altar, Altar seating, Tabernacle, Retable, Lighting Arm, and 6 candlesticks (French)
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001555 Monstrance (French)
  42. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001554 Pill-box (French)
  43. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001553 Chalice with Paten (French)
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001552 2 Paintings: Baptism of Christ and Preaching in the Desert (French)
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001551 Sideboard (French)
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64001550 Baptismal font (French)

External links[edit]