Aydius

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Aydius
Aydius.jpg
Aydius is located in France
Aydius
Aydius
Coordinates: 43°00′07″N 0°32′24″W / 43.002°N 0.540°W / 43.002; -0.540Coordinates: 43°00′07″N 0°32′24″W / 43.002°N 0.540°W / 43.002; -0.540
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Accous
Intercommunality Vallée d'Aspe
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bernard Choy
Area
 • Land1 34.72 km2 (13.41 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 100
 • Population2 density 2.9/km2 (7.5/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64085 / 64490
Elevation 551–2,173 m (1,808–7,129 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aydius is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Geography[edit]

Aydius is located some 25 km south by south-east of Oloron-Sainte-Marie just east of Bedous. Access to the commune is by the D237 road from Bedous which goes to the village and terminates there. The commune is alpine in nature with extensive forests, rugged terrain and snow-capped mountains in the east.[1]

The Gabarret river rises in the east of the commune and flows west gathering a large number of tributaries including the Ruisseau d'Arces, the Ruisseau du Saslars, the Gave de Béranfueil, the Gave de Bouren, the Ruisseau d'Ilhiec, the Ruisseau Sarité, the Ruisseau de Traillère, and the Ruisseau de Sahun (which forms part of the western border of the commune) before flowing west to join the Gave d'Aspe at Bedous.[1]

Places and Hamlets[2][edit]

  • Anire[3]
  • L’Ardoisière
  • Arès (barn)
  • Arques (forest)[3]
  • Las Arretortes (Cap de)
  • Les Arrouyes[3]
  • Baich (Rangole de)
  • Barca[3]
  • Barrada
  • Bat (barn)
  • Bat (bridge)
  • Bérangueil
  • Bérie (bank)
  • Bérouste (Serrot de)
  • Bésur (cabin)
  • Bouren[3]
  • Cachiquet (cabin)
  • Calhabets (Pas de)
  • Capdarest
  • Capdevielle
  • Capouret
  • Carn de Haut (bank)
  • Casaubon
  • Les Catiasses (forest)
  • Chechit
  • Core de Cam
  • Cot de Picars (alley)
  • La Courade (Col de)
  • Courdé
  • Courrège Longue
  • Cret Arrouy (Cap de)
  • Escarrebirats (Pas d’)
  • Escourau (bank)
  • Escut (forest)
  • Guérègne
  • Haut (Rangole de)
  • Hourquet Roes (cabin)
  • Les Ichantes[3][4]
  • Ichantes (forest)
  • Illes (bank)
  • Le Labay
  • Lacazette
  • Lacazotte
  • Laresse
  • Lartigalot
  • Latoussé (Pènes des)
  • Lespy
  • Luc (barn)
  • Manautton
  • Mariebère (forest)[3]
  • Mirande
  • Mousquaté (forest)[3]
  • Mousté (Col de)[3]
  • Pée Nouqué (ruins)
  • Pouey
  • La Poueye (Hosse de)
  • Salaneuve (ruins)
  • Les Salars[3]
  • Sarrelangue
  • Sartiat (forest)
  • Sézy (barn)
  • Soumaous (Hosse de)
  • Tousset
  • l’Usclat (forest)[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in gascon is Aidius. Michel Grosclaude said that the name probably comes from the same root as Aydie but its origin and meaning remain obscure.[5]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aydius Aydius 1385 Grosclaude Village
Lo temple de Sent Martin d'Aydius 1590 Raymond
18
Register of Aydius, BB, i, folio 3
Aydius 1750 Cassini
Anire Amire 1385 Raymond
6
Census Farm
Anire 1863 Raymond
6
Le Col des Arques Le Col des Arques 1863 Raymond
11
Pass from Aydius to Gère-Bélesten
Les Arrouyes Les Arrouyes 1863 Raymond
13
Mountain
Barca Barca 1863 Raymond
21
Mountain
Le Béranguet Le Béranguet 1863 Raymond
28
Stream
Le Bouren Le Bouren 1863 Raymond
35
Stream
Les Ichantes Les Ichantes 1863 Raymond
81
Hamlet
L’Illecq L’Illecq 1863 Raymond
82
Stream
Les Jaupins Les Jaupins 1863 Raymond
85
Hamlet
Mariebère Marie-Bère 1863 Raymond
108
Mountain[6]
Bois de Mousquaté Mousquété 1863 Raymond
119
Forest
Mousté Mousté 1863 Raymond
120
Mountain on the border with Sarrance
Col de Pian Le Col de Pian 1863 Raymond
135
Pass to Bedous
Col de Picas Le Col de Picas 1863 Raymond
135
Mountain Pass
Salars Les Salars 1863 Raymond
153
Hamlet

Sources:

Origins:

  • Census: Census of Béarn[8]

History[edit]

A rock shelter dating from prehistory called Abri Gandon-LassusLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg has been discovered in the commune.[9]

Paul Raymond noted on page 18 of his 1863 disctionary that the commune had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and that in 1385 there were 30 fires and Aydius depended on the bailiwick of Aspe.[3]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[10]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Bernard Bourguinat
2014 2020 Bernard Choy

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of four inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Vallée d'Aspe;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for aid to education in the Vallée d'Aspe;
  • the joint association for Haut-Béarn.

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 100 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
685 726 701 891 847 822 833 890 813
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
855 735 695 715 694 613 586 541 526
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
520 518 489 349 283 268 241 181 137
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
98 88 94 67 74 80 100 100 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aydius

Economy[edit]

The economy of the commune is mainly focused towards agriculture and livestock. The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Maison Guiraudé (1891)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The Maison Pualet (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • The Maison Hontas (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • The Abri Gandon-Lassus Prehistoric Cave (Prehistory)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The Maison Ichante (1807)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4][14]
  • The Maison Casaubon (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Parish Church of Saint Martin (14th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[16][17]

Environmental heritage[edit]

Aydie contains a number of high mountains:

  • The Sommet de Tachat (1,408 metres),
  • The Sommet de Talabot (1,591 metres),
  • The Sommet de Pétraube (1,606 metres,
  • The Sommet de Houndarete (1,695 metres),
  • The Soum de la Mousquère (1,778 metres,
  • The Turon de la Goaita (1,805 metres,
  • The Lousquette de Barca (1,870 metres,
  • The Pic de Lariou (1,903 metres, and
  • The Mailh Bassibe (1,973 metres.[2]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Pierre Loustaunau, a General in India

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

In his book L'ours et les brebis (The Bear and the sheep), Etienne Lamazou recounted his life as a transhumant shepherd from 1913 to 1969. Originally from Aydius, he never left except to take his cattle to their winter plain. He recounted the life of a shepherd as it still existed at the beginning of the 20th century. All the action takes place in and around Aydius and the book is full of a thousand anecdotes sometimes soothing, sometimes moving, and often instructive.

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ a b Géoportail, IGN (French)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA64000002 Maison Ichante (French)
  5. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  6. ^ from Maria beroy meaining "Beautiful Mary": Robert Aymard (member of the French Onomastic Society), Pyrénéen Toponyms, Lacour, 2009 ISBN 9782750424305, page 251 (French)
  7. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Aydius
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA64000012 Abri Gandon-Lassus Prehistoric Cave (French)
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64001004 Maison Guiraudé (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64001007 Maison Pualet (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64001008 Maison Hontas (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000980 Maison Ichante (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64001005 Maison Casaubon (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000975 Parish Church of Saint Martin (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00132935 Parish Church of Saint Martin (French)