Aykhal

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Aykhal (English)
Айхал (Russian)
Айхал (Sakha)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Settlement[citation needed]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Aykhal is located in Sakha Republic
Aykhal
Aykhal
Location of Aykhal in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 65°56′30″N 111°29′30″E / 65.94167°N 111.49167°E / 65.94167; 111.49167Coordinates: 65°56′30″N 111°29′30″E / 65.94167°N 111.49167°E / 65.94167; 111.49167
Administrative status (as of 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Mirninsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 13,727 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[2]
Founded 1961[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1962[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 678191

Aykhal (Russian: Айхал) is an urban-type settlement and diamond mining centre in the Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. The name derives from the Sakha word for fame. Population: 13,727 (2010 Census);[1] 15,782 (2002 Census);[4] 11,552 (1989 Census).[5]

Geography[edit]

Aykhal lies in the basin of the Vilyuy River, around 60 km south of Udachny and 500 km north-east of the district administrative centre of Mirny.

Close by the settlement is the stream Sokhsolookh, whose name in the Sakha language means River of Death or River of Traps, in reference to large numbers of reindeers who according to local legend have drowned while trying to cross the river ice.

History[edit]

The settlement was founded in 1961 with the beginnings of diamond extraction from the kimberlite pipe found here. It received status as an urban-type settlement in the following year. In 1985, a further diamond mine (Yubileynaya) was opened 20 km from the settlement.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The local economy is reliant on diamond mining conducted by ALROSA at its Aykhal and Yubileynaya mines. It is served by Aykhal Airport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  4. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.