Aylesbury (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°48′58″N 0°49′01″W / 51.816°N 0.817°W / 51.816; -0.817

Aylesbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire.
Outline map
Location of Buckinghamshire within England.
County Buckinghamshire
Electorate 78,750 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament David Lidington (Conservative)
Number of members One
1553–1885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Aylesbury is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom since 1992 by David Lidington, of the Conservative Party.[n 1]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is based on the large town of Aylesbury and its suburbs as well as a small swathe of villages broken up by woods and cultivated land in the centre of the Chilterns which cover most of Buckinghamshire and parts of three other counties.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Buckinghamshire, the Boundary Commission for England made several changes to the Aylesbury constituency, which took effect at the 2010 general election. Aylesbury has electoral wards:

History[edit]

The seat was a much narrower, generally urban borough with a two-member status at Westminster from its grant of a limited franchise in 1553 until the passing of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 when it transformed into a large county division which has seen on national boundary reviews a gradual reduction in physical size as its population has grown.

Political history

The Conservative Party has held the seat since 1924, and held it at the 2010 general election with a 52.2% share of the vote.

Frontbenchers

David Lidington is the UK Government's Minister for Europe since May 2010, having been three years before, his party's Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.

MPs who have received honours

Sir Stanley Reed edited The Times of India from 1907 until 1924 and received correspondence from the major figures of India such as Mahatma Gandhi. In all he lived in India for fifty years. He was respected in the United Kingdom as an expert on Indian current affairs. He devised the sobriquet for Jaipur, 'the Pink City of India'.

Constituency profile[edit]

Aylesbury expanded significantly after World War II, in a diverse way with a similar proportion of this recent development being social housing estates as private estates.

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 lower than the regional average of 2.4% and national average of 3.8%, at 2.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Whereas the average house price is higher than the national average, in the Aylesbury Vale authority (which largely overlaps) this in the first quarter of 2013 was £262,769, the lowest of the four authorities in Buckinghamshire and this compares to the highest county average of £549,046 in South Bucks District.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1553–1659[edit]

  • Constituency created (1553)
Year First member Second member
1554 (Apr) Thomas Smith Humphrey Moseley
1554 (Nov) William Rice John Walwyn
1555 Anthony Restwold
1558 Names lost
1559 Arthur Porter Thomas Crawley
1563 Thomas Sackville Thomas Coleshill
1571 Thomas Lichfield Edmund Dockwra
1572 George Burden
1584 Thomas Tasburgh John Smith
1586 Thomas Scott
1589 Thomas Pigott Henry Fleetwood
1593 Sir Thomas West John Lyly
1597 Thomas Tasburgh Thomas Smythe
1601 John Lyly Richard More
1604 Sir William Borlase Sir William Smith
1614 Sir John Dormer Samuel Backhouse
1621 Henry Borlase
1624 Sir John Pakington, Bt Sir Thomas Crewe
1625 Sir Robert Carr
May 1625 Sir John Hare
1626 Clement Coke Arthur Goodwin
1628 Sir Edmund Verney
April 1640 Sir John Pakington, Bt Ralph Verney
1640 Thomas Fountaine
November 1640 Sir John Pakington, Bt
1645 Thomas Scot Simon Mayne
Year Member
1654 Henry Philips
1656 Thomas Scot

MPs 1659–1885[edit]

Year First member[5] First party Second member[5] Second party
1659 James Whitelocke Thomas Tyrrill
1660 Sir Thomas Lee, 1st Bt. Sir Richard Ingoldsby
1685 Sir William Egerton Richard Anderson
1689 Sir Thomas Lee, 2nd Bt. Richard Beke
1690 Sir Thomas Lee, 1st Bt
1691 Simon Mayne
1695 James Herbert
1699 Robert Dormer
1701 Sir Thomas Lee, 2nd Bt.
July 1702 Sir John Pakington, 4th Bt. Tory
December 1702 Simon Harcourt
1704 Sir Henry Parker, 2nd Bt.
1705 Sir John Wittewrong, 3rd Bt. Simon Mayne
1710 Simon Harcourt John Essington
January 1715 Nathaniel Meade John Deacle
April 1715 Trevor Hill
1722 Richard Abell Whig John Guise
1727 Sir William Stanhope Philip Lloyd
1728 by-election Edward Rudge
1730 by-election Thomas Ingoldsby
1734 George Champion Christopher Tower
1741 Charles Pilsworth Viscount Petersham
1747 The Earl of Inchiquin Whig Edward Willes
1754 Thomas Potter John Willes
1757 John Wilkes
1761 Welbore Ellis
1764 by-election Anthony Bacon
1768 John Durand
1774 John Aubrey
1780 Thomas Orde Tory
1784 Sir Thomas Hallifax William Wrightson
1789 by-election Scrope Bernard
1790 Gerard Lake
1802 James Du Pre Robert Bent
1804 by-election William Cavendish
1806 George Nugent, 1st Bt. George Henry Compton Cavendish
1809 by-election Thomas Hussey
1812 The Lord Nugent Whig
1814 by-election Charles Compton Cavendish Whig
1818 William Rickford Whig
1832 Henry Hanmer Tory
1837 Winthrop Mackworth Praed
1839 by-election Charles Baillie-Hamilton Conservative
1841 Richard Rice Clayton
1847 John Peter Deering Conservative The Lord Nugent Liberal
1848 by-election Quintin Dick
1850 by-election Frederick Calvert
1851 by-election Richard Bethell Liberal
1852 Austen Henry Layard Liberal
1857 Thomas Tyringham Bernard
1859 Samuel George Smith Conservative
1865 Nathan Rothschild Liberal
1880 George W. E. Russell Liberal
1885 by-election Ferdinand James de Rothschild Liberal
1885 Parliamentary borough abolished

MPs since 1885[edit]

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the parliamentary borough of Aylesbury was abolished. The name was transferred to a new, larger, county division of Buckinghamshire, which elected one Member of Parliament (MP).

Election Member[5] Party
1885 Ferdinand James de Rothschild Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1899 by-election Lionel Walter Rothschild Liberal Unionist
1910, January Lionel Nathan de Rothschild Liberal Unionist
1912 Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 Thomas Keens Liberal
1924 Sir Alan Hughes Burgoyne Conservative
1929 Michael Wentworth Beaumont Conservative
1938 by-election Sir Stanley Reed Conservative
1950 Spencer Summers Conservative
1970 Timothy Raison Conservative
1992 David Lidington Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Aylesbury[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UKIP Chris Adams
Labour Will Cass
Conservative David Lidington
General Election 2010: Aylesbury[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Lidington 27,736 52.2 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Steven Lambert 15,118 28.4 +0.8
Labour Kathryn White 6,695 12.6 -5.9
UKIP Chris Adams 3,613 6.8 +2.0
Majority 12,618 23.7
Turnout 53,162 68.2 +5.8
Conservative hold Swing 2.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Aylesbury[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Lidington 25,252 49.1 +1.8
Liberal Democrat Peter Jones 14,187 27.6 +0.7
Labour Mohammed Khaliel 9,540 18.5 -4.7
UKIP Chris Adams 2,479 4.8 +2.3
Majority 11,066 21.5
Turnout 51,458 62.4 +1.0
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
General Election 2001: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Lidington 23,230 47.3 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Peter M. Jones 13,221 26.9 -2.6
Labour Keith M. White 11,388 23.2 +1.0
UKIP Justin D. Harper 1,248 2.5 N/A
Majority 10,009 20.4
Turnout 49,087 61.4 -11.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Lidington 25,426 44.2 -13.2
Liberal Democrat Sharon Bowles 17,007 29.5 +1.8
Labour Robert Langridge 12,759 22.2 +8.8
Referendum Party Marc John 2,196 3.8 N/A
Natural Law Lawrence R. Sheaff 166 0.3 +0.1
Majority 8,419 14.6
Turnout 57,554 72.8 -6.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Aylesbury[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Lidington 36,500 57.4 -0.1
Liberal Democrat Sharon Bowles 17,640 27.7 -0.9
Labour Roger Priest 8,517 13.4 -0.5
Green Nigel A. Foster 702 1.1 +1.1
Natural Law Bruno H.M. D'Arcy 239 0.4 +0.4
Majority 18,860 29.7 +0.8
Turnout 63,598 80.4 +5.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Timothy Hugh Francis Raison 32,970 57.52
Social Democratic MA Soole 16,412 28.63
Labour J Larner 7,936 13.85
Majority 16,558 28.89
Turnout 74.52
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Timothy Hugh Francis Raison 30,230 58.06
Social Democratic M Soole 15,310 29.40
Labour MP Moran 6,364 12.22
Independent T Chapman 166 0.32
Majority 14,920 28.65
Turnout 71.53
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Timothy Hugh Francis Raison 33,953 58.25
Labour JG Power 14,091 24.17
Liberal MJ Cook 10,248 17.58
Majority 19,862 34.07
Turnout 77.99
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Timothy Hugh Francis Raison 23,565 46.78
Labour Reginald Groves 14,592 28.97
Liberal MJ Cook 12,219 24.36
Majority 8,973 17.81
Turnout 74.38
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Timothy Hugh Francis Raison 25,764 47.0
Liberal MJ Cook 14,581 26.6
Labour Reginald Groves 14,463 26.4
Majority 11,183 20.4
Turnout 91.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Aylesbury

Electorate 77,358

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Timothy Hugh Francis Raison 31,084 53.25
Labour James E Mitchell 20,441 35.02
Liberal Philip S Kinsey 6,849 11.73
Majority 10,643 18.23
Turnout 58,374 75.46
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Aylesbury

Electorate 65,968

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gerard Spencer Summers 23,673 44.91
Labour Peter Allison 19,766 37.50
Liberal Timothy Joyce 9,272 17.59
Majority 3,907 7.41
Turnout 52,711 79.90
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Aylesbury

Electorate 63,262

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gerard Spencer Summers 23,856 47.12
Labour Gordon Douglas Western 16,467 32.53
Liberal Timothy Joyce 10,301 20.35
Majority 7,389 14.60
Turnout 50,624 80.02
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Aylesbury

Electorate 54,089

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gerard Spencer Summers 22,504 51.20
Labour Hugh Gray 14,549 30.83
Liberal Howard Levett Fry 7,897 17.97
Majority 8,955 20.38
Turnout 43,950 81.25
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Aylesbury

Electorate 49,841

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gerard Spencer Summers 20,330 49.87
Labour Anthony Shannon Harman 14,569 35.74
Liberal Howard Levett Fry 5,869 14.40
Majority 5,761 14.13
Turnout 40,768 81.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Aylesbury

Electorate 48,181

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gerard Spencer Summers 22,455 56.05
Labour Anthony Shannon Harman 17,605 43.95
Majority 4,850 12.11
Turnout 83.14
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Aylesbury

Electorate 47,261

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gerard Spencer Summers 17,623 44.69
Labour Anthony Shannon Harman 14,262 36.17
Liberal George Guthrie Moir 7,547 19.14
Majority 3,361 8.52
Turnout 83.43
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Aylesbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Herbert Stanley Reed 24,537 47.85
Labour Reginald Groves 16,445 32.07
Liberal Maj. Guy Naylor 10,302 20.09
Majority 8,092 15.78
Turnout 69.55
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Conservative: Stanley Reed, Liberal: Atholl Robertson, Labour: Reginald Groves.

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Atholl Robertson
Aylesbury by-election, 1938

Electorate 63,624

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Herbert Stanley Reed 21,695 54.1
Liberal Thomas Atholl Robertson 10,751 26.8
Labour Reginald Groves 7,666 19.1
Majority
Turnout 63.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Aylesbury

Electorate 61,315

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Wentworth Beaumont 24,728 57.42
Liberal Margaret Wintringham 13,622 31.63
Labour E W Shearer 4,716 10.95
Majority 11,106 25.79
Turnout 70.24
Conservative hold Swing
Cyril Berkeley Dallow
General Election 1931: Aylesbury

Electorate 56,815

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Wentworth Beaumont 29,368 68.34
Liberal Cyril Berkeley Dallow 8,927 20.77
Labour Miss D Woodman 4,677 10.88
Majority 20,441 47.57
Turnout 75.61
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 54,074

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Michael Wentworth Beaumont 20,478 48.1 -7.9
Liberal Thomas Keens 17,594 41.3 +5.5
Labour F G Temple 4,509 10.6 +2.4
Majority 2,884 6.8 -13.4
Turnout 78.7 -3.3
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 39,448

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Alan Hughes Burgoyne 18,132 56.0 +8.4
Liberal Thomas Keens 11,574 35.8 -12.1
Labour F C Watkins 2,655 8.2 +3.7
Majority 6,558 20.2 n/a
Turnout 82.0 +7.3
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.2
General Election 1923

Electorate 37,970

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Keens 13,575 47.9 +1.0
Unionist Sir Alan Hughes Burgoyne 13,504 47.6 -3.5
Labour F C Watkins 1,275 4.5 n/a
Majority 71 0.3 n/a
Turnout 74.7 +3.3
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +1.3
General Election 1922

Electorate 36,747

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lionel Nathan de Rothschild 13,406 51.1 n/a
Liberal Thomas Keens 12,835 48.9 n/a
Majority 571 2.2 n/a
Turnout 71.4 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 34965

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Maj. Lionel Nathan de Rothschild
unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ This is currently still a county constituency, so-called for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer. Elections are held at least every five years.
References

Sources[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)