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Aymanam is located in Kerala
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 9°37′29″N 76°29′06″E / 9.6246600°N 76.4851070°E / 9.6246600; 76.4851070Coordinates: 9°37′29″N 76°29′06″E / 9.6246600°N 76.4851070°E / 9.6246600; 76.4851070
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kottayam
 • Total 30 km2 (10 sq mi)
 • Total 35,562
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 686015
Vehicle registration KL-5
Nearest city Kottayam
Climate tropical (Köppen)

Aymanam is a village in Kottayam District, Kerala, India, the setting of Arundhati Roy's 1997 novel The God of Small Things.


Ay in the Tamil language means 'five' and Vanam in Sanskrit means 'forests': Ayvanam, or Aymanam, is the land of five forests (these are Vattakkadu, Thuruthikkadu, Vallyakadu, Moolakkadu, and Mekkadu). No forest exists now except few snake grooves. Kummanam was the horrible among forests.[citation needed]

The village borders Lake Vembanad on the west, near Kumarakom. Two-thirds of Aymanam consists of ricefields, two meters below sea level; the river Meenachil provides water for the village. Low-lying areas flood from June to August. Aymanam shares the border with Arpookara, KumaraNallooru, Kottayam Municipality, Thiruvarpu and Kumarakom. Most of the borders are marked by river or canal. This place is blessed with LIVE rivers and canals. Aymanam, Kummanam, Kudamaloor, Olassa, Parippu, valliadu, viruppukala,Kariemadam,Pulikkuttissery, Maniaparampu,Kollathukari are the prominent place names in this Panchayat. Extensive areas of Puncha Padams (Paddy fields)stretches up to Vempanattu Lake.Eraweesvarm Padam,Palliar Padam,Kallumkathra Padam,Puthenkary Padam,Koduvathara Padam,Thollayiram Padam, Ollokkary Padam,Thattarkandam Padam, Menonkary Padam,Pullanapally Padam,Vattakayal, are the names of the padams. These padams were submerged in water as they are below sea level. Before 1970, the padams were cultivated just once a year. Following the monsoons, an outer bund made of mud was built around the padams, and water would be pumped out to prepare the padam and the soil for cultivation.This process will take one month.The season starts in August-September and finish in January-February by harvesting.March,April,May months are dry season and all these padams are open for cattles and ducks.In June-July Monsoon starts and the outer bunds of all padams are destroyed by flood. Then again starts the season after the monsoon. This was a life cycle in Aymanam for years until 1970. Everything changed after farmers found Thollayram padam was successful building permanent bunds to farm double crop.When massive effort took place to make double crop all over the region, there was no room for flood water to go. Small canals were not enough to hold the flood water. The result was massive destruction of outer bunds so the crops too. Farmers built constructive outer bunds to face the floods. Some were successful and some not.Now almost all padams are protected by permanat outer bunds.But the ecology (nature alignment) is much changed.Thanneer Mukham Bund (Salt Water Barrier)across vembanttu Lake made a big change for the region. Water currents were a big factor for the region.The monsoon season bring a lot of muddy water and waste from the rivers.All these muds and wastes were carried away by the currents in the ocean.After the Bund was built all these waste and muds stay in Vembanattu Lake start forming shallow regions, causing damage to fish habitat.Salt water is natures purifying agent.In the dry season salt water came up to almost every where and stayed there for at least two months. Salt water is an agent,kills all the soil worms and prepared the soil for cultivation.During the monsoon all these salt water and impurities were pushed out in the ocean and contribute a fresh environment for a new season.Now this natural process is blocked by the Thanneer Mukham Bund.No water currents means contamination of water for a vast area,especially the pesticides and menures used for cultivation pumped out end up in Vembanattu Lake and stay, no way to flow out,because the bund is closed.This is a big regional calamity.Lot of fish die during the farming season because of the pesticides.Destruction of the horn fish(koory, kary, chillan, cat fish))is a bad blow to the envirnment. They are the cleaning agents in the water. In olden times a dead chicken thrown in the water stay there only for one day.this is the way they clean the water. When the double crop established a region with more labor and production, the same way a vast area in Aymanam is suffering from flood damages. The monsoon bring more flood water, no place to flow, rises up, upper regions goes under the water and the land crops are destroyed. More over the commute sysatem is destroyed. We could avoid this calamity by widening the canals to flow more flood water to Vembanaatu Lake. Aymanam is about 4 km on Kottayam- Parippu road. The nearest railway station, 4 km, is Kottayam Railway Station. Aymanam is 85 km from Cochin International Airport.

Houses of worship[edit]

Sree Narasimha Swamy temple is located in the heart of Aymanam. Pandavam Sree Darmashasta temple is famed for its murals. The St George Jacobite Syrian Christian Church, Kallumkathara, is situated nearby. St.Mark's C.S.I CHURCH,OLASSA has a good old history.The Hermon Marthoma Church,Aymanam has been an old place of worship for the marthomites which has an old history.St.George Catholic Church Aikarachira and Parippu Sri Maha Deva Shethram are centuries old worship places in Aymanam.


Located very near to Kottayam town and Kumarakom, Kudamaloor is on the banks of Meenachil River. The village is a fine example of typical Kerala rural ambience. Kudamaloor is in Aymanam Panchayat, the home town of the Man Booker Prize winner Arundhati Roy. The novelist has woven her famed novel The God of Small Things around this village.

Kudamaloor is more popular as the headquarters of erstwhile Chembakassery kings. The place where the palace of kings once stood is now stands Valiyamadom Nalukettu, the present residence of the royal family. The village is dotted with many old Nalukettu structures and mansions. Near Eraveeswaram temple the remains of the fort of the kings are still visible. Raised platforms and canon holes in the wall have survived the onslaught of the climate for years.

Kudamaloor is a well known village on many counts. In art and architecture the village is always in forefront. The birthplace of renowned Kathakali exponent is Kudamaloor. Many sons of the village are reckoned stalwarts in Kerrida art forms and folklore arts. Call the experts in Sopanasangeetham, Kalamezhuthu and Kalamezhuthu Pattu, Kalaripayattu, Mudiyettu etc.the village is ready to supply them. GOVERNMENT HIGH SCHOOL KUDAMALOOR A school campus from 1st grade to 10 th grade was the only school for the entire community regardless of any social divisions.Majority of the students from Aymanam graduated from this SCHOOL.The importance of this School is more than ever still in these days. I could write these words today, because of this Great Institution was there. Rejected by the neighbouring schools for many reasons,students end up with this School.Great blessing for many including me, I say Thanks. Without Kudamaloor High School Aymanam feel illiterate. Primary School in Aikarachira, Edassery in Prippu, Upper primary, Parippu, CSI School Olassa, Upper Primary in Kallumada were the primary educational institutions in Aymanam.

Two prominent institutions, Kathakali Yogam and Sopanam Kalavedi & Research Center, rooted here promote folklore arts and Kathakali.

The village has ten temples. Vasudevapuram temple (is accredited for mural paintings), Ayyappan Kavu, Karukulangara Sri Bhadrakali Temple (Tiyattu,Garudan Parava and Thookam are the novelties of the temple festival), Eraveeswaram Mahadava temple, Pandavam Sri Dharma Shastha Temple, Pandavam Sri Subrahmanya Swami Temple etc. are very ancient.

Unheard anywhere else, a church known as St Mary’s Church was built and promoted by a Hindu king. The offering in the Church is of typical nature. It is a traditional water bag and rope used for drawing the water from the well.

In popular culture[edit]

Arundhati Roy's Booker prize-winning novel The God of Small Things was set at Aymanam. An excerpt from the book describing Aymanam (spelled as Ayemenem in the book) reads as follows

May in Ayemenem is a hot, brooding month. The days are long and humid. The river shrinks and black crows gorge on bright mangoes in still, dustgreen trees. Red bananas ripen. Jackfruits burst. Dissolute bluebottles hum vacuously in the fruity air. Then they stun themselves against clear windowpanes and die, fatly baffled in the sun.

The nights are clear, but suffused with sloth and sullen expectation.

But by early June the southwest monsoon breaks and there are three months of wind and water with short spells of sharp, glittering sunshine that thrilled children snatch to play with. The countryside turns an immodest green. Boundaries blur as tapioca fences take root and bloom. Brick walls turn mossgreen. Pepper vines snake up electric poles. Wild creepers burst through laterite banks and spill across the flooded roads. Boats ply in the bazaars. And small fish appear in the puddles that fill the PWD potholes on the highways.

Mr. John Joseph Pannackal (Mannoparampil),a prominent body builder at Valliadu had won "KERALA SREE" in body beauty competition in 1960's and "Most Muscular Man of India" after that. Olympic Gymnasium at Kottayam is run by Mr.John Joseph. Aymanam Krishna Kaimal is a name to be remembered in the history of literary Aymanam.Nalankal Krishna Pillai from Olassa is another literary eminent from Aymanam. - The main character in American-Malayali sitcom "Akkara kazhchakal", George Thekkummoottil is supposed to be from Aymanam.

- Ajay Kumar (known as Undapakru or Guinness Pakru), is a popular Malayalam comedy actor who hails from Aymanam. He has made an entry into the Guinness Book of Records for being the shortest actor (86 cm height) to play a full length character in a film.

- N.N. Pillai a popular drama and cinema artist who is from Aymanam, Olassa - Vijayaraghavan (actor) (Son of N.N. Pillai) who is a famous Malayalam movie actor is from Aymanam, Olassa. Olassa Chirattamon Moose,India's traditional Ayurvedic doctor is famous in Ayurvedic History.Still Olassa Dhanwanthari Vaidyasala is keeping their tradition. Pancheril Kuttan and his son Padmanabhan(late)from Olassa are remembered in Balachikitsa Treatment. Few people who got converted into Christians from Olassa Chirattamon Moose family migrated to Changanasserry and build a new Christian catholic family named as Olassayil family.