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Aymara may refer to:

In people and language:

  • Aymara people, native ethnic group in the Andes and Altiplano regions of South America
    • Aymaran languages, one of the two dominant language families of the central Andes, along with Quechuan
      • Aymara declension
      • Aymara language, an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes
      • Central Aymara (ISO 639-3: ayr), branch of the Aymara language spoken by more than 2,227,642 across Southern South America
      • Southern Aymara is a language spoken in Perú between Lake Titicaca and the Pacific Ocean.

In culture:

  • Corazón Aymara (English: Aymara Heart), 1925 Bolivian silent feature film directed by Pedro Sambarino
  • Grupo Aymara, Bolivian folk troupe of traditional music of pre-Hispanic and contemporary music of the Andes
  • Socialist Aymara Group (Spanish: Grupo Aymara Socialista), left-wing indigenous political group in Bolivia

In geography:

In nature:

  • Aymaramyia, genus of crane bird found in Peru
  • Anthidium aymara, Chilean species of bee in the family Megachilidae
  • Aymara Parakeet, alias of Grey-hooded Parakeet (Psilopsiagon aymara), a species of parrot in the Psittacidae family found in South America
  • Hoplias aimara, the wolf fish from South America
  • Metriopelia aymara, Latin name of Golden-spotted Ground Dove species of bird in the Columbidae family found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru