Aynho

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Aynho
Aynho.JPG
Aynho is located in Northamptonshire
Aynho
Aynho
 Aynho shown within Northamptonshire
Population 632 (2001 census[1])
659 (2010 est.)[2]
OS grid reference SP5133
Civil parish Aynho
District South Northamptonshire
Shire county Northamptonshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Banbury
Postcode district OX17
Dialling code 01869
Police Northamptonshire
Fire Northamptonshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Daventry
List of places
UK
England
Northamptonshire

Coordinates: 52°00′N 1°15′W / 52.00°N 1.25°W / 52.00; -1.25

Aynho (formerly spelt Aynhoe) is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, England, on the edge of the Cherwell valley about 6.5 miles (10.5 km) southeast of the north Oxfordshire town of Banbury and 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Brackley.

Along with its neighbour Croughton 2 miles (3.2 km) to the east, it is one of the two southernmost villages in Northamptonshire, and thus is often regarded as part of the informal area of Banburyshire.

It is the southernmost settlement in the entire English East Midlands region.

History[edit]

Aynho was founded in Anglo-Saxon times. The toponym is derived from Aienho, Old English for a spring, grove or hill. The circular village was surrounded by a defensive wall, parts of which can still be seen.

In the 11th century Asgar, a Saxon thegn and standard bearer to Edward the Confessor owned the manor of Aynho. After the Norman conquest of England he was forced to cede the manor to Geoffrey de Mandeville, whose family retained it for several generations. Later the manor passed through the Clavering, Neville, Fitzalan, Shakerley, Tracy and Marmion families. Late in the 16th century Aynhoe Park was sold to Richard Cartwright (born 1563, a barrister and member of the Inner Temple, from a Cheshire family) who moved to Aynho in 1616. It then remained in the Cartwright Family for over three hundred years.

Late in the 12th century Roger and Alice FitzRichard founded the Hospital of Saints James and John in Aynho to care for the poor, the sick and the infirm.[3] Their son Robert FitzRoger and subsequent benefactors increased the endowments of the hospital but in the 15th century it declined.[3] In 1483 the 16th Earl of Arundel granted the hospital's advowson and patronage to William Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester.[3] In 1458 Waynflete had founded Magdalen College, Oxford and in 1485 he granted the hospital to the college.[3] At some time thereafter the hospital seems to have become a private house.[3]

Notable buildings[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Michael has a 14th-century Decorated Gothic tower.[4] The rest of the church was demolished in 1723 and rebuilt over the next two years in neoclassical style.[4] The interior retains its Georgian pulpit, box pews and west gallery.[4]

Several cottages in the village, some with exterior staircases, predate the Tudor period[citation needed]. A Tudor yeoman's house was turned into a free Grammar School founded in 1654 by John Cartwright, and later became the dower house of the Manor of Aynhoe Park on the southern edge of the village.[5]

Aynho almshouses were built in 1822.[6]

Transport history[edit]

The Oxford Canal was built through the western part of the parish in 1787.[7] Aynho Wharf, 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the village, is on the Aynho - Deddington road.

Construction of the Oxford and Rugby Railway between Oxford and Banbury began in 1845. By the time the line opened in 1850 the Great Western Railway had taken it over. Aynho for Deddington railway station was close to Aynho Wharf of the earlier constructed Oxford Canal on the Aynho to Deddington road, which thereafter became known as Station Road.

In 1910 the GWR completed the Bicester cut-off line, linking it with the Oxford and Rugby Railway at Aynho Junction, a new flying junction built in the parish. The company provided a second station, Aynho Park railway station, on the new line 130 yards (120 m) east of the existing station. British Railways closed Aynho Park in 1963 and Aynho for Deddington in 1964. Aynho Junction is now used by Chiltern Railways, CrossCountry, First Great Western and freight traffic.

The M40 motorway now runs close to the west of the village with the nearest access at junction 10, with the A43 trunk road about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south.

Notable residents[edit]

Residents have included the 17th century politician Sir Ralph Winwood, the 19th century judge Charles Burton, 19th and 20th century architect Philip Speakman Webb and 20th century mathematician Mary Cartwright.

Amenities[edit]

Aynho has a hotel and restaurant in the village, the Cartwright. About half a mile outside the village, there's a public house, the Great Western Arms, controlled by the Hook Norton Brewery.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics: Aynho CP: Parish headcounts, retrieved 25 November 2009
  2. ^ SNC (2010). South Northamptonshire Council Year Book 2010-2011. Towcester NN12 7FA. p. 39. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Serjeantson & Adkins, 1906, pages 150-151
  4. ^ a b c Pevsner & Cherry, 1973, page 96
  5. ^ Osborne, page not cited
  6. ^ Pevsner & Cherry, 1973, page 99
  7. ^ Compton, 1976, page 37
  8. ^ Hook Norton Pubs: Great Western Arms

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]