Ayran

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Ayran
Fresh ayran.jpg
Fresh Susurluk Ayranı with a head of froth
Alternative names Laban, Katık, Qeshk
Type Dairy product
Course Beverage
Place of origin Turkic Countries
Region or state Balkan, Anatolia, Middle East, Middle Asia
Serving temperature Cold
Main ingredients Yogurt, water
Food energy
(per serving)
410 kcal/l [1] kcal
Cookbook:Ayran  Ayran

Ayran is a cold yogurt beverage mixed with salt.[2] In addition to Turkey, where it is considered a national drink, ayran is found in Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, the Balkans, Lebanon, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, and across the Caucasus.[3]

Ayran is served chilled and often as an accompaniment to grilled meat or rice,[4] especially in the summer months.[5][6]

Similar beverages include the Iranian doogh, but yogurt drinks are popular beyond the Middle East region—ayran has been likened by some to the South Asian lassi.[7]

History[edit]

It is thought that ayran was first developed thousands of years ago by the Göktürks, who would dilute bitter yogurt with water in an attempt to improve its flavor.[5]

Etymology[edit]

Many Turkish language dictionaries show that Ayran is a Turkic name.[8][9] On the other hand, this word has similarities with a Mongol word Ayrag which has a Mongol name of Turkic kımız.

Contemporary ayran[edit]

Ayran is ubiquitous in Turkey and offered at almost all places that serve drinks, including even chain fast-food restaurants, such as McDonald's and Burger King.[10]

The town of Susurluk is well known in Turkey for its ayran, which characteristically has a foamy head and creamy taste.[11][12]

See also[edit]

Similar beverages

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.kalorisepeti.com/kac_kalori.php?yid=1361&kalorisi=Sütaş%20Tam%20Yağlı%20Ayran
  2. ^ A. Y. Tamime (ed.) (2008). Fermented Milks. John Wiley & Sons. p. 124. ISBN 9781405172387. 
  3. ^ For popularity in the Balkans, see Leslie Strnadel, Patrick Erdley (2012). Bulgaria (Other Places Travel Guide). Other Places Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 9780982261996. and in Central Asian countries
  4. ^ "Turkish Buttermilk". www.kultur.gov.tr. Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Yildiz Fatih (2010). Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products. CRC Press. pp. 123 & 125. ISBN 9781420082081. 
  6. ^ Gina Husamettin. "Ayran – Turkish national beverage". balkon3.com. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Heyhoe, Kate. The ABC's of Larousse Gastronomique : ayran
  8. ^ http://etimolojiturkce.com/kelime/ayran
  9. ^ ayran "a kind of milk product" [ Divan-i Lugat-it Türk (1070) ]
  10. ^ For ayran at Turkish McDonalds, see "İçecekler: Ayran (250 ml)". McDonalds Turkey. Anadolu Restoran İşletmeleri Ltd. Şti. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fame of foamy ayran goes beyond borders". Hürriyet Daily News. Hürriyet - Doğan Yayın Holding. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "City Guide > Balıkesir > Don't Leave Without". kultur.gov.tr. Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey. Retrieved 5 October 2013.