Ayran

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Ayran
Fresh ayran.jpg
Fresh Susurluk Ayranı with a head of froth
Alternative names Laban, Katık, Qeshk
Type Dairy product
Course Beverage
Place of origin Turkic Countries
Region or state Balkan, Anatolia, Middle East, Middle Asia
Creator Turkic people
Serving temperature Cold
Main ingredients Yogurt, water
Food energy
(per serving)
410 kcal/l [1] kcal
Cookbook:Ayran  Ayran

Ayran is a cold yogurt beverage mixed with salt.[2] In addition to Turkey, where it is considered a national drink, ayran is found in Afghanistan, Armenia (here called tan), Azerbaijan, the Balkans, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, and across the Caucasus.[3] Its primary ingredients are water and yogurt, and ayran has been variously described as "a most refreshing drink made by mixing yogurt with iced water"[4] and "diluted yogurt".[5]

Ayran is served chilled and often as an accompaniment to grilled meat or rice,[6] especially in the summer months.[7]

Similar beverages include the Iranian doogh,[8] but yogurt drinks are popular beyond the Middle East region—ayran has been likened by some to the South Asian lassi.[9]

History[edit]

Ayran is a traditional Turkish drink and was consumed by nomadic Turks prior to 1000 CE.[5] Although less popular today,[citation needed] another traditional Turkish dairy beverage is fermented mare's milk, kumis.[5]

Contemporary ayran[edit]

Ayran is ubiquitous in Turkey and offered at almost all places that serve drinks, including fast-food restaurants, such as McDonald's and Burger King.[10]

The town of Susurluk is well known in Turkey for its ayran, which characteristically has a foamy head and creamy taste.[11][12]

Etymology[edit]

Some Turkish language dictionaries state the word ayran derives from Old Turkish for buttermilk.[13]

See also[edit]

Similar beverages

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.kalorisepeti.com/kac_kalori.php?yid=1361&kalorisi=Sütaş%20Tam%20Yağlı%20Ayran
  2. ^ A. Y. Tamime (ed.) (2008). Fermented Milks. John Wiley & Sons. p. 124. ISBN 9781405172387. 
  3. ^ For popularity in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan see Yildiz Fatih (2010). Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products. CRC Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781420082081.  For the Balkans, see Leslie Strnadel, Patrick Erdley (2012). Bulgaria (Other Places Travel Guide). Other Places Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 9780982261996. 
  4. ^ Lake Van and Turkish Kurdistan: A Botanical Journey P. H. Davis The Geographical Journal, Vol. 122, No. 2 (Jun., 1956), pp. 156-165 Published by: The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) Article DOI: 10.2307/1790844
  5. ^ a b c Turkish Delights Nevin Halici Gastronomica: The Journal of Critical Food Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Winter 2001), pp. 92-93 Published by: University of California Press Article DOI: 10.1525/gfc.2001.1.1.92
  6. ^ "Turkish Buttermilk". www.kultur.gov.tr. Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Gina Husamettin. "Ayran – Turkish national beverage". balkon3.com. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Yildiz Fatih (2010). Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products. CRC Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781420082081. 
  9. ^ Heyhoe, Kate. The ABC's of Larousse Gastronomique : ayran
  10. ^ For ayran at Turkish McDonalds, see "İçecekler: Ayran (250 ml)". McDonalds Turkey. Anadolu Restoran İşletmeleri Ltd. Şti. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fame of foamy ayran goes beyond borders". Hürriyet Daily News. Hürriyet - Doğan Yayın Holding. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "City Guide > Balıkesir > Don't Leave Without". kultur.gov.tr. Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Ayran". EtimolojiTurkce.com. Tehlif Hakları. Retrieved 31 August 2014.