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|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (February 2010)|
|Aysén Region of
General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
XI Región Aysén del
General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
|Region of Chile|
General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
|Provinces||Coyhaique, Aysén, General Carrera, Capitán Prat|
|• Intendant||Pilar Cuevas Mardones (Ind)|
|• Total||108,494.4 km2 (41,889.9 sq mi)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||0.91/km2 (2.3/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||CL-AI|
|Website||Official website (Spanish)|
The XI Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region (Spanish: Región de Aysén or XI Región Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo), often shortened to Aysén Region or Aisén (Pronounced: // EYE-ssen), is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions. Although the third largest in area, the region is Chile's most sparsely populated region with a population of 105,000. The capital of the region is Coihaique, the region's former namesake.
The Aysén Region is the least populous of Chile's fifteen regions. The landscape is marked by several glaciations that formed many lakes, channels and fjords. The region still contains icefields including the Northern Patagonian Ice Field and the Southern Patagonian Ice Field, the world's third largest after those in Antarctica and Greenland. Laguna San Rafael National Park, reachable only by boat or plane, is one of the region's most popular tourist destinations. Until the construction of Route 7 (the Carretera Austral, or Southern Highway) in the 1980s, the only overland routes from north to south through the region were extremely primitive tracks.
The Vista de Coihaique y Coihaique Esta region was the last to be joined to make the country, long after even the southernmost region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica. Its geographical location and transport difficulties explain the lack of interest aroused in the nineteenth century for these lands, to the point that no one even thought of colonizing them with immigrants, as happened with the other southern regions. Following the signing of the Boundary Treaty with Argentina in 1881, settlers came from the Pampas to the valleys that cross the Andes from east to west. The anonymous and private effort led to the spontaneous creation of cities in Puerto Aysen in 1904, Balmaceda Coyhaique in 1917 and 1929. The oldest of the towns is Melinka ("Darling" in Russian), established by mid-nineteenth century, on Ascension Island, the archipelago of the Guaitecas.
The native population was not abundant, if not scarce. In the insular region the Guaitecas and Chonos inhabited the Islas del Chonos. They are believed to have become extinct in the 20th century. In the archipelagos south of the Gulf of Penas and to Tierra del Fuego lived the Alacalufes or Kaweshkar, also fishermen. Both groups were quickly decimated by disease and attacks by settlers in the late 19th century coming from southern Chile and Europe, a great number were from Germany, Switzerland, Austria, former Yugoslavia, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Denmark and the United Kingdom. Large numbers of Russians, Croats, Scots, Welsh and Irish arrived by government invitation and land sale programs to assist in the population of southern Chile and to reduce the number of indigenous peoples.
Region XI, Aysen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo, is the least populated of the country. According to the 2002 census there were only 91 492 inhabitants in an area of 106,990.9 km ². The population density is 0,85 inhabitants per km ². For the time elapsed since the last census to date, it has been estimated an average growth rate of 0.9 per 100 inhabitants.
The largest cities are (2002 census): Coyhaique (44.850 hab.), Puerto Aysen (16.936 hab.), Chile Chico (3042 hab.). Puerto Swan (2517 pop.), Cochrane (2217 pop.); Melinka (1411 hab.) and Mañihuales Villa (1401 pop.).
People of Coyhaique
The indigenous Cunco people sparsely populated the region before European arrival. The capital city was heavily influenced by Germanic immigration (Germans and the English with other British nations) and later arrivals of Spaniards, most notably the Basques. There have been efforts to increase population and economic industries involving forest lumber mills, corporate fisheries in lakes and the coasts, light industry such as canning and paper/pulp production, mountain recreation, winter sports (skiing lodges) and eco-tourism.
The primary sector dominates in the regional economy, which focuses on the exploitation and processing of marine, mining, forestry, and animal resources. Aquaculture is also an important activity and the region contributes 80% of Chile’s salmon output.
Although mining, based on polymetallic deposits of zinc, gold, and silver, makes a small contribution to Chile’s total mining GDP, it is significant in regional exports.
Exploitation of forests and the production of yard timber, plywood, and panels for furniture is mostly geared to export markets. Animal husbandry focuses on beef cattle, sheep, and sheep’s wool, part of which is exported.
Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region has ten municipalities (communes)
- "About". Energía Austral. Aysén Region, Chile. Retrieved 26 July 2012. "[...] will be located in the Aysén municipal district of the Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region and will provide Chile [...]"
- Arismendi S, Nolberto; Nancy Andrade S, Ricardo Riegel Sch, Roberto Carrillo Ll (2010). "Presence of a Phytoplasma Associated with Witches-Broom Disease in Ugni molinae Turcz. and Gaultheria phillyreifolia (Pers.) Sleumer Determined by DAPI, PCR, and DNA Sequencing". Chilean journal of agricultural research 70 (1). doi:10.4067/S0718-58392010000100003. ISSN 0718-5839. "[...] murta has been reported from the Maule Region to Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region (Seguel and Torralbo, 2004)."
- Examples of name usage: 1, official regional government site refers to the region as "Región de Aysén".
- 2, Chile's official meteorological agency refers to the region as "Región de Aisén".
- 3 Chilean government official website refers of Pilar Cuevas Mardones as intendant of "Región de Aysén" .
- 4 Chile's Ministry of Public Works calls the region "Región de Aysén" in the title of their 2011 report on that region.
- 5, Corporación Nacional Forestal, a government agency refers to the region as "Región de Aysén" in their homepage.
- I, The Guardian reports on the 2012 Aysén protest.
- II, Santiago Times, a local English language newspaper use "Aysén Region" in a note referring to the same protest.
- III Santiago Times again.
- IV scientific paper in Tectonophysics calling the region "Aysén Region".
- V scientific paper in Journal of Hospital Infection referring to the region as "Aysen Region".
- "Decreto Ley 2339. Otorga denominación a la Región Metropolitana y a las regiones del país, en la forma que indica.". Ley Chile (in Spanish). Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. 10 October 1978. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Aysén.|
- Official website of the Region (Spanish)