Ayssènes

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Ayssènes
The hamlet of Le Pouget
The hamlet of Le Pouget
Coat of arms of Ayssènes
Coat of arms
Ayssènes is located in France
Ayssènes
Ayssènes
Coordinates: 44°04′13″N 2°46′49″E / 44.0703°N 2.7803°E / 44.0703; 2.7803Coordinates: 44°04′13″N 2°46′49″E / 44.0703°N 2.7803°E / 44.0703; 2.7803
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Millau
Canton Saint-Rome-de-Tarn
Government
 • Mayor (1995–2020) Marie-Chantal Calmes-Bou
Area
 • Land1 23.14 km2 (8.93 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 214
 • Population2 density 9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12017 / 12430
Elevation 262–983 m (860–3,225 ft)
(avg. 356 m or 1,168 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ayssènes is a French commune in the Aveyron department in the Midi-Pyrénées region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ayssenols or Ayssenoles.[1]


Geography[edit]

The river below Le Pouget

Ayssènes is located some 25 km west of Millau and 7 km south-east of Alrance. Access to the commune is by the D510 road from Villefranche-de-Panat in the west which passes through the commune by a circuitous route to the village then continues south across the river to join the D200 on the opposite bank. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of:

  • Ardennes
  • Le Bastizou
  • Cabière
  • Calmels
  • Le Caussanal
  • La Caze
  • La Clerguie
  • Coupiaguet
  • Le Crouzet
  • Les Esclots
  • Lescure
  • Melet
  • Le Pouget
  • Rentières
  • Saint-Rémy
  • Vabrette
  • Valergues
  • Verdalle
  • Vernet

The commune is mainly forest with large areas of farmland.[2]

The southern border of the commune is formed by the Tarn river which is dammed just south-west of the commune to form a long lake along the southern border. From the dam the Tarn continues south-west to eventually join the Garonne just west of Moissac. The Ruisseau de Vernobre rises in the north of the commune and flows south, gathering many tributaries, to join the Tarn. The Ruisseau de Coudols flows from the north-east, gathering some tributaries in the commune, and joins the Tarn at the same point as the Ruisseau de Vernobre.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

The village was built on a ridge overlooking the Tarn and was a direct link between the Lévézou Plateau and Raspes du Tarn. There was once a fortress on the peak of Roc Saint-Jean. It belonged to the Count of Rodez who maintained a garrison in order to maintain his influence over the southern Rouergue. Prestigious guests stayed at this location including the King of France, Charles VII, on 13 May 1437 while returning from Languedoc where he had been to restore order.

Modern Era[edit]

The castle was the subject of much covetousness during the wars of religion. In October 1586 the army of the Duke of Joyeuse, Anne de Joyeuse - brother of King Henry III, tried to besiege it. The Captain of the garrison made a ploy and the duke's army retreated towards the plateau of Saint-Victor which was where the garrison captain attacked the camp at night - taking fifty horses and capturing several soldiers. The fortress became dangerous for the kingdom and was destroyed in 1629 by order of Cardinal Richelieu. Today nothing remains but the location has one of the most beautiful views in the region.

Contemporary era[edit]

The commune consisted of four parishes in the second half of the 19th century with a population of around 1500. Today there are no more than 213 year-round residents.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Ayssènes
Blazon:

Party per pale, first Gules, a lion Or tongued and armed in Sable; second Azure, a tower Argent embattled of 4 pieces, ensigned with a Latin crosslet the same, port open, masoned in Sable, debruised by two swords Argent hilt and pommel Gules saltirewise; in base three fesses Argent wavy.



Administration[edit]

The bridge over the Tarn

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1875 1888 Galtier Calmeyrac
1888 1889 Basile Bonnefous
1889 1892 Félix Galtier
1892 1904 Paulin Brengues
1904 1910 Justin Fabre
1910 1912 Camille Bou
1912 1914 Edouard Cambefort
1914 1919 Benoît Costes
1919 1953 Edouard Cambefort
1953 1995 René Arles
1995 2020 Marie-Chantal Calmes-Bou

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 214 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
591 - - - - - - - -
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
- - - - 1,219 1,149 1,130 1,125 1,038
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,014 956 963 828 770 739 740 663 568
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
466 431 343 309 248 226 - 214 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Saint Victor-et-Melvieu and Costecalde
Population of Ayssènes

Sites and monuments[edit]

The oak and sweet chestnut woodland near Costecalde (Le Truel)
  • The Old Ayssènes Cemetery (graves from the early 19th century).
  • The Roc Saint-Jean (The castle disappeared after Richelieu ordered its destruction)
  • The Roc du Cavalier
  • The Church of the Nativity of Mary (Ayssènes) (19th century)
  • The Church of Saint-Amans (at Coupiaguet) (19th century)
  • The Church of Saint Rémy (at Saint-Rémy) (19th century)
  • The Church of Saint-Blaise or of the Purification of Notre-Dame (at Vabrette) (19th century). The church contains two items that are registered as historical objects:


Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Antoine Salvanh (1479-1555). Architect specialising in religious buildings, builder of the bell tower on Rodez Cathedral between 1513 and 1526.
  • Guillaume Molinier-Lamothe (1736-1794). Refractory priest jailed in 1793 in Rodez then deported to the Fort du Hâ at Bordeaux the following year where he died.
  • Georges Connes (1890-1974). Senior lecturer at the University of Dijon, Doctor of Literature, Dean of the University of Dijon in 1946 and 1947, resistance fighter in 1943, Mayor of Dijon after the liberation of the city in September 1944.
  • Pierre-Damien Hèbles (1864-1954). Priest for Ayssènes from 1903 to 1944, member of the literary society of Aveyron, historian for the Raspes du Tarn region. He wrote three manuscripts on local history after 40 years of research in the departmental archives and deeds.
  • Gaston Boulouis (1908-1991) Priest, Professor of Literature at the Seminary Minor of Saint Pierre and at the Sainte Marie de Rodez Institution. Canon, historian and occitan scholar at the end of his life. He published several historical books on the region as well as an autobiography and a collection of Occitan proverbs.
  • Alain Marc (born in 1957). Politician, Municipal councillor for Ayssènes from 2001 to 2004, he has been MP for Aveyron since 2007.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Christian-Pierre Bedel, preface by Alain Marc, Sant-Roma, Aissenas, Broquièrs, Brossa, Las Còstas, L'Estrada, Sant-Victor, Lo Truèlh / Christian-Pierre Bedel e los estatjants del canton de Sant-Roma, Rodez, Departmental Mission for culture, 1995, Al canton collection, 239 pages, ill., cov. ill., 28 cm, ISBN 2-907279-20-3, ISSN 1151-8375, BnF 366885722 (Occitan)/(French)

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aveyron (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM12000911 Chasuble (French)Camera aabb.svg
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM12000910 Chasuble (French)Camera aabb.svg