Mohammad Ayub Khan
|Amir Ayub Khan (King Mohammad V)|
|Emir of Afghanistan|
Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan
|Reign||October 12, 1879 – May 31, 1880|
|Predecessor||Mohammad Yaqub Khan|
|Successor||Abdur Rahman Khan|
|Father||Sher Ali Khan|
|Died||April 7, 1914 (aged 56–57)
Lahore, present-day Pakistan
Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan (Pashto: غازي محمد ايوب خان) (1857 – April 7, 1914) was also known as The Victor of Maiwand or The Afghan Prince Charlie and was, for a while, the governor of Herat Province in Afghanistan. He was Emir of Afghanistan from October 12, 1879 to May 31, 1880 and was also the leader of Afghans in the Second Anglo-Afghan War. He is today remembered as National Hero of Afghanistan and is buried in Peshawar.
Second Anglo-Afghan war
On July 27, 1880, with the help of Malalai of Maiwand he defeated the British Army of George Burrows at the Battle of Maiwand. This was the biggest defeat for the Anglo-Indian army in the second Anglo-Afghan war. He went on to besiege the British forces at Kandahar but did not succeed. On September 1, 1880, he was defeated and routed by General Frederick Roberts at the Battle of Kandahar, which saw the end of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
After second Anglo-Afghan war
- "Ayub Khan had an opportunity of realizing his strength as an independent ruler in Afghanistan [sic]. Certain tribes in Kushk district having revolted, he desired to send a force from Herat to punish them; but when he asked his men to march they refused, because he had not paid them for a long time." From The Twillingate Sun, Thursday, February 3, 1881.
Death and legacy
He is today remembered as National Hero of Afghanistan and his body was interred near the shrine of Sheikh Habib at Durrani graveyard in Peshawar. His mausoleum was unfortunately vandalized and his tomb tablet stolen. Efforts are being made by one of his family members, Asim Khan Effendi to reconstruct and restore the monument in consultation with cultural conservationalist of International repute Hameed Haroon and leading Architect Mujeeb Khan.
Sardar Hissam Mahmud el-Effendi
One of his grandsons namely Brigadier Sardar Hissam Mahmud el-Effendi was later a Brigadier General in the Pakistan Army, commanding a division in the 1965 War. Effendi also raised the Pakistani border police "Rangers" and served as its first Director General, besides being an avid polo player.
Sardar Zikria Zaheer ud din el-Effendi
He is second Grand son and younger brother of Sardar Hissam Mahmud el-Effendi .He is the only son of Begum Laila Bilquis .He worked all his life in different airlines as there cargo handling department.Sardar Zikria and Sardar Hissam are half brother same father but different mothers.There father was Sardar Abdul Qadir El Effendi s/o Mohammad Ayub Khan.
- Relic hunters rob gravestone of Sardar Ayub Khan (The News, 7th June 2010)
- Relics stolen from graveyard still untraced (The News, 10th June 2010)
- Here lies the Victor of Maiwand by Dr. Ali Jan
|Emir of Afghanistan
Abdur Rahman Khan
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