Mohammad Ayub Khan

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Amir Ayub Khan
Emir of Afghanistan
MohammadAyoubKhan.jpg
Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan
Reign October 12, 1879 – May 31, 1880
Full name Mohammad Ayub Khan
Titles National Hero of Afghanistan, Sardar, General, Ghazi, Mujahid
Born 1857
Birthplace Kabul, Afghanistan
Died April 7, 1914 (aged 56–57)
Place of death Lahore, present-day Pakistan
Buried Peshawar, 1914
Predecessor Mohammad Yaqub Khan
Successor Abdur Rahman Khan
Dynasty Barakzai dynasty
Father Sher Ali Khan
Mother Momand

Ghazi Mohammad Ayub Khan (Pashto: غازي محمد ايوب خان‎) (1857 – April 7, 1914) was also known as The Victor of Maiwand or The Afghan Prince Charlie and was, for a while, the governor of Herat Province in Afghanistan. He was Emir of Afghanistan from October 12, 1879 to May 31, 1880[1][2] and was also the leader of Afghans in the Second Anglo-Afghan War. He is today remembered as National Hero of Afghanistan and is buried in Peshawar.[3]

Early life[edit]

His father was Sher Ali Khan and his mother was the daughter of an influential Mohmand chief of Lalpura, Saadat Khan.[4]

Second Anglo-Afghan war[edit]

On July 27, 1880, with the help of Malalai of Maiwand he defeated the British Army of George Burrows at the Battle of Maiwand. This was the biggest defeat for the Anglo-Indian army in the second Anglo-Afghan war. He went on to besiege the British forces at Kandahar but did not succeed. On September 1, 1880, he was defeated and routed by General Frederick Roberts at the Battle of Kandahar, which saw the end of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.[4]

After second Anglo-Afghan war[edit]

A year later Ayub again tried to take Kandahar, this time from Amir Abdur Rahman Khan but again failed.

"Ayub Khan had an opportunity of realizing his strength as an independent ruler in Afghanistan [sic]. Certain tribes in Kushk district having revolted, he desired to send a force from Herat to punish them; but when he asked his men to march they refused, because he had not paid them for a long time." From The Twillingate Sun, Thursday, February 3, 1881.

In 1888 Ayub Khan left Persia (now Iran), where he had escaped to, and became a pensioner in British India until his death in 1914.

Death and legacy[edit]

He is today remembered as National Hero of Afghanistan and his body was interred near the shrine of Sheikh Habib at Durrani graveyard in Peshawar. His mausoleum was unfortunately vandalized and his tomb tablet stolen. Efforts are being made by one of his family members, Asim Khan Effendi to reconstruct and restore the monument in consultation with cultural conservationalist of International repute Hameed Haroon and leading Architect Mujeeb Khan.

Sardar Hissam Mahmud el-Effendi[edit]

One of his grandsons namely Brigadier Sardar Hissam Mahmud el-Effendi was later a Brigadier General in the Pakistan Army, commanding a division in the 1965 War. Effendi also raised the Pakistani border police "Rangers" and served as its first Director General, besides being an avid polo player.[citation needed]

Sardar Zikria Zaheer ud din el-Effendi[edit]

He is second Grand son and younger brother of Sardar Hissam Mahmud el-Effendi .He is the only son of Begum Laila Bilquis .He worked all his life in different airlines as there cargo handling department.Sardar Zikria and Sardar Hissam are half brother same father but different mothers.There father was Sardar Abdul Qadir El Effendi s/o Mohammad Ayub Khan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hamid. "Afghanistan Monarchs". afghanistantourism.net. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  2. ^ Wahid Momand. "Leaders". Afghanland.com. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  3. ^ various. "Cities". The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. 
  4. ^ a b Chisholm 1911.
Attribution

 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ayub Khan". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Yaqub Khan
Emir of Afghanistan
1879–1880
Succeeded by
Abdur Rahman Khan