Azərbaycan marşı

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Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Himni
English: The National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg

National anthem of  Azerbaijan
Lyrics Ahmad Javad
Music Uzeyir Hajibeyov
Adopted 1918, 1991
Music sample

Azərbaycan Marşı is the national anthem of Azerbaijan, the original title of which is March of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan marşı). The words were written by the poet Ahmad Javad, and the music was composed by Azeri composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov. The anthem was adopted in 1918 with the passage of "On the State Hymn of the Republic of Azerbaijan."[1]

A fragment from the national anthem is depicted on the obverse of the Azerbaijani 5 manat banknote issued since 2006.[2]

History[edit]

Creators of the national anthem of Azerbaijan: Uzeyir Hajibeyov (left) and Ahmad Javad (right).

During the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, Azerbaijani composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov wrote two marches. Both of these works were published in the book of the Turkish musicologist Etem Üngör's "Turkic marches" (Türk marşları), published in 1965 in Ankara.[3] The manuscripts were brought to Turkey by composer's brother Jeyhun Hajibeyov. One of the marches called "Azerbaijani national march" (Azərbaycan milli marşı). In 1919, this work received the first award announced by the Government of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.[4] The manuscript of the march is kept in the house-museum of the Hajibeyov in Baku.[5]

The second march which was the March of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan marşı), according to Üngör "In those years, when Azerbaijan has not lost its independence, the march chanted by military schools before lessons".[6] Later this march, arranged for choir and orchestra by composer Aydin Azimov and adopted as the national anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan.[5]

On May 27, 1992, after the breakup of the USSR, the March of Azerbaijan, was re-adopted as the anthem of Azerbaijan.[7]

Lyrics[edit]

Azerbaijani lyrics Cyrllic Version English translation[8]
Azərbaycan! Azərbaycan!
Ey qəhrəman övladın şanlı Vətəni!
Səndən ötrü can verməyə cümlə hazırız!
Səndən ötrü qan tökməyə cümlə qadiriz!
Üçrəngli bayrağınla məsud yaşa!
Üçrəngli bayrağınla məsud yaşa!
Minlərlə can qurban oldu,
Sinən hərbə meydan oldu!
Hüququndan keçən əsgər,
Hərə bir qəhrəman oldu!
Sən olasan gülüstan,
Sənə hər an can qurban!
Sənə min bir məhəbbət
Sinəmdə tutmuş məkan!
Namusunu hifz etməyə,
Bayrağını yüksəltməyə
Namusunu hifz etməyə,
Cümlə gənclər müştaqdır!
Şanlı Vətən! Şanlı Vətən!
Azərbaycan! Azərbaycan!
Azərbaycan! Azərbaycan!
Азәрбајҹан!, Азәрбајҹан!
Еј гәһрәман өвладын шанлы Вәтәни!
Сәндән өтрү ҹан вермәјә ҹүмлә һазырыз!
Сәндән өтрү ган төкмәјә ҹүмлә гадириз!
Үчрәнҝли бајрағынла мәсуд јаша!
Үчрәнҝли бајрағынла мәсуд јаша!
Минләрлә ҹан гурбан олду,
Синән һәрбә мејдан олду!
Һүгугундан кечән әсҝәр,
Һәрә бир гәһрәман олду!
Сән оласан ҝүлүстан,
Сәнә һәр ан ҹан гурбан!
Сәнә мин бир мәһәббәт
Синәмдә тутмуш мәкан!
Намусуну һифз етмәјә,
Бајрағыны јүксәлтмәјә
Намусуну һифз етмәјә,
Ҹүмлә ҝәнҹләр мүштагдыр!
Шанлы Вәтән! Шанлы Вәтән!
Азәрбајҹан!, Азәрбајҹан!
Азәрбајҹан!, Азәрбајҹан!
Azerbaijan! Azerbaijan!
Oh you glorious fatherland of the brave child!
We are all together ready to give our lives for you!
We are all together strong to sacrifice our blood for you!
Live blessed with your three-coloured flag!
Live blessed with your three-coloured flag!
Thousands of lives were sacrificed,
Your chest became an arena for battles!
Soldiers gave their life for you,
All of them became heroes!
You shall be a garden full of roses,
Every moment our life can be sacrificed for you!
For you 1001 carresses
are constant in my chest!
Guard your honor,
To held up high your flag,
Guard your honor,
The whole youth is enthused!
Honorable fatherland! Honorable fatherland!
Azerbaijan! Azerbaijan!
Azerbaijan! Azerbaijan!

Note that, in accordance with Azerbaijani law, there are no official translations of the anthem.

Regulations[edit]

Regulations for the performance of the national anthem are set forth in the law signed by Heydar Aliyev in 1996. While a performance of the anthem may include only music, only words, or a combination of both, the anthem must be performed using the official music and words prescribed by law. Once a performance has been recorded, it may be used for any purpose, such as in a radio or television broadcast.

Musical adaptations[edit]

Classical composers[edit]

In 2012, Philip Sheppard with the London Philharmonic Orchestra used the anthem for the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Paralympics.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ THE NATIONAL ANTHEM - THE NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN - Azerbaijan.az. Retrieved on 6 May 2012.
  2. ^ National currency: 5 manat. – Central Bank of Azerbaijan. - Retrieved on 25 February 2010.
  3. ^ Üngör, Etem (1965). Türk marşları (in Turkish). Ankara: Türk Kültürünü Aras̆tırma Enstitüsü. pp. 325–332. 
  4. ^ Əliyev, Ilqar (2008). Azərbaycan Respublikasınn Dövlət Rəmzləri. (in Azerbaijani). Baku: Nurlan. 
  5. ^ a b "History of creation of the National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan". azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  6. ^ Üzeyir bəy Hacıbəyov ensiklopediyası (in Azerbaijani). Baku. 1996. p. 21. 
  7. ^ Lim, Josh. "Azerbaijan anthem's history". www.nationalanthems.info. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  8. ^ Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic
  9. ^ "London Philharmonic Orchestra & Philip Sheppard Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan Marsi". doremi.lv. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 

External links[edit]