Azad Hind Decorations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Azad Hind decorations were instituted by Subhas Chandra Bose while in Germany, initially for Azad Hind Legion, to be awarded for gallantry in the field of battle. Both Indians and Germans were eligible for the decorations. Later, the same awards were instituted by the Azad Hind government for the Indian National Army during its campaign in South-east Asia.

Sher-e-Hind[edit]

The Grand Star "Sher-e-Hind" (Tiger of India), was a neck order/medal and could be conferred with swords for valour in combat, and without swords for non-combat awards. At least one award was made, to Captain Kunwal Singh.

Sardar-e-Jung[edit]

The second highest military decoration by the awarded by the Azad Hind Government was the Sardar-e-Jung (Leader of Battle), which was a 1st Class Star. The award was a Badge, and could be conferred with swords for valour in combat, and without swords for non-combat awards. At least two awards were made, one to Colonel Shaukat Hayat Malik for the capture of Moirang, and to Capt Shanghara Singh Mann. Capt. Mann was also awarded the Vir-e-Hind medal.At least two awards were made. Col. Shaukat Hayat Malik received the SeJ medal for the capture of Moirang. Another known awardee was Capt Shanghara Singh Mann. Capt. Mann was also awarded the Vir-e-Hind medal.[1]

Vir-e-Hind[edit]

The Vir-e-Hind (Warrior of India) was the 2nd Class Star and third in order. The award was a second class star below the award of Sardar-e-Jung. This award was a medal, and like those higher than it, the award could be conferred with swords for valour in combat, and without swords for non-combat awards. At least one awards was made, to Capt Shanghara Singh Mann. Capt. Mann was also awarded the Sardar-e-Jung medal.

Shahid-e-Bharat[edit]

The Shahid-e-Bharat(Martyr for India) was an Azad Hind's medal to its fallen soldiers. It was awarded in gold or in silver and was only awarded with swords.

Tamgha-e-Bahaduro[edit]

The Soldier's medal.

See also[edit]

Former Indian National Army Monument

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shaikh, Sajid (2001-10-06). "INA's soldier lives in oblivion in Vadodara". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2007-07-07.