Azalais of Toulouse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of Arms of the vicountcy of Béziers.
Adelaide's Pavilion in Burlats

Azalaís of Toulouse (or Alaís, or Adelaide of Béziers) was the daughter of count Raymond V of Toulouse and Constance of France. Her maternal grandparents were Louis VI of France and his second wife Adélaide de Maurienne.

She was born at the castle of Burlats (canton of Roquecourbe, Tarn) and is therefore called contessa de Burlatz (Countess of Burlats) in the vida of Arnaut de Mareuil.

She was married to Roger II Trencavel, count of Béziers and Carcassonne, in 1171; she was the mother of Raimond Roger Trencavel, who died in captivity after the siege of Carcassonne in 1209. Azalais herself died in 1199.

Azalais of Toulouse is named in the poems of several troubadours, including Pons de la Gardia, Giraut de Salignac. It is said that the poems of Arnaut de Mareuil form a sequence telling of his love for her. Alfonso II of Aragon was his rival, and according to the razó to one of Arnaut's poems, the king jealously persuaded her to break off her friendship with Arnaut. Alfonso's own dealings with Azalais were fiercely criticized in a sirventès by Guillem de Berguedà: "she gave you her love, and you took two cities and a hundred castles from her".