Azamgarh

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Azamgarh district. For its namesake division, see Azamgarh division.
Azamgarh
आज़मगढ़
اعظم گڑھ

Azam Garh
City
Azamgarh is located in Uttar Pradesh
Azamgarh
Azamgarh
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°04′N 83°11′E / 26.06°N 83.19°E / 26.06; 83.19Coordinates: 26°04′N 83°11′E / 26.06°N 83.19°E / 26.06; 83.19
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Azamgarh
Area
 • Total 1,256 km2 (485 sq mi)
Elevation 64 m (210 ft)
Population
 • Total 4,616,509
Languages
 • Official Hindi Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC7)
PIN 276001
Area code(s) 05462
Vehicle registration UP 50
Website azamgarh.nic.in

Azamgarh is a town in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is headquarters of Azamgarh district and Azamgarh Division.

History[edit]

Azamgarh, one of the easternmost districts of Uttar Pradesh, once formed a part of the ancient Kosala kingdom, except its north-eastern part.

Azamgarh was founded in 1665.[1] After the attack of Chabile Ram, Azmat Khan fled northwards followed by the interior forces. He attempted to cross the Ghaghra into Gorakhpur, but the people on the other side opposed his landing, and he was either shot in mid stream or was drowned in attempting to escape by swimming.

In 1688 A.D. during Azamt's[dubious ] lifetime, his eldest son Ekram took part in the management of the state, and after Azam's[dubious ] death he was perhaps left in possession together with Mohhabat, another son. The remaining two sons were taken away and for a time detained as hostages for their brothers' 'good behaviour'.

The successor of Ikram finally confirmed the title of his family to the Jamidari. Ikram left no heirs and was succeeded by Iradat, son of Mohhabat. But the real ruler all along had been Mohhabat, and after Ikram's death, he continued to rule in his son's name.

Geography[edit]

Azamgarh has an average elevation of 64 metres (209 feet).[2] Azamgarh consists of a series of parallel ridges, whose summits are depressed into beds or hollows, along which the rivers flow; while between the ridges are low-lying rice lands, interspersed with numerous natural reservoirs. The soil is fertile, and very highly cultivated, bearing good crops of rice, sugarcane, and wheat and orchards of mango and guava. Maize, gram, corn,[vague] mustard are other major crops

Transport[edit]

By road

Azamgarh is connected with Lucknow (268 km) and Delhi (761 km) by road. It has one of the biggest bus depots in eastern Uttar Pradesh and regular bus services to almost all district headquarters of Uttar Pradesh and also to Delhi. Recently A NH 233 Passed From Varanasi To Lumbini Via Azamgarh which is to be four and NH 233B is new rote in Azamgarh, Rajesultanpur, Gorakhpur Road By train

Azamgarh station is one of the most important of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Azamgarh is directly connected to Delhi by Kaifiyat express, to Mumbai by Godaan express, to Ahmedabad, the state capital Lucknow, Jaipur, Ajmer, and Amritsar, to Kolkata by BP AMH Express (13137).

By air

Azamgarh has a new airport, Manduri Airport, 9 km away. The nearest big airport is Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport (Varanasi), 100 km away.

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Azamgarh urban agglomeration had a population of 366,165 out of which males were 150,678 and females were 145,487. The literacy rate was 86.27 per cent.[3]

Climate[edit]

Azamgarh experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with large variations between summer and winter temperatures.[4][vague][5][vague] Summers are long, from early April to October with intervening monsoon seasons, and are also extremely hot, even by South Asian standards. The temperature ranges between 22 and 46 °C (72 and 115 °F) in the summers. Winters in Azamgarh see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights. Cold waves from the Himalayan region cause temperatures to dip across the city in the winter from December to February and temperatures below 5 °C (41 °F) are not uncommon. The average annual rainfall is 1,110 mm (44 in). Fog is common in the winters, while hot dry winds, called loo, blow in the summers.[6][vague] In recent years, the water level of the Tamsa has decreased significantly.

Climate data for Azamgarh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(67)
24
(76)
31
(87)
37
(98)
38
(100)
36
(97)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(87)
27
(81)
22
(71)
29.9
(85.8)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(47)
12
(54)
17
(62)
22
(72)
25
(77)
27
(80)
26
(78)
26
(78)
24
(76)
21
(70)
15
(59)
11
(51)
19.5
(67)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.3
(0.76)
13.5
(0.531)
10.4
(0.409)
5.4
(0.213)
9.0
(0.354)
100.0
(3.937)
320.6
(12.622)
260.4
(10.252)
231.6
(9.118)
38.3
(1.508)
12.9
(0.508)
4.0
(0.157)
1,025.4
(40.37)
Source: [7][8]

Literacy[edit]

The average literacy rate of Azamgarh[vague] in 2011 was 72.69%, compared to 56.95% in 2001. Male and female literacy were 83.08% and 62.65% respectively. For the 2001 census, the corresponding figures were 71.04% and 43.40% in Azamgarh district. The literate population of Azamgarh district was 2,860,821, of which male and female were 1,606,696 and 1,254,125 respectively.

Culture and language[edit]

Azamgarh's culture is a reflection of Islamic culture, Avadh culture of Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Jaat culture of northern Uttar Pradesh. Since Azamgarh lies in the eastern part of the Uttar Pradesh, the traditional languages[vague] are Awadhi (25%), Bhojpuri (20%), Khadi Bhasha[vague] (28%) and Urdu (45%).

List of theatres[edit]

  • Vishal Talkies(Sidhari,Mau road)
  • Murli Talkies(Paharpur)
  • Shivam Palace Saraimeer
  • Vijay Palace
  • Trimurti Mubarakpur
  • Sunjay Talkies Jiyanpur
  • jaiswal palace.sathion
  • Gaurav Chitra Mandir Lalganj

Degree colleges[edit]

  • Shibli National PG College-Azamgarh
  • Maa Sharda P.G. College Shambhupur Gahji Azamgarh
  • Shibli National PG College-Azamgarh
  • DAVPG College-Azamgarh
  • Chandeswar Degree college
  • Agrasen Girls degree college
  • Gandhi Smarak Post Graduate Degree College Kolisa Azamgarh
  • c b inter& post Graduate college tarwa azamgarh
  • Kooba P.G.College Dariyapur Newada,Azamgarh
  • Ganaga Gauri Mahavidyalya Baijabari, Azamgarh
  • Mohammad Masood Khan Degree College Mangarawan Azmgarh
  • Shri Krishna Geeta Rastriya Mhavidhyalya, Lalganj, Azamgarh
  • Sri Durga Ji P. G. College Chandeshwar Azamgarh
  • Mubarakpur girls P. G. College Mubarakpur Azamgarh
  • Purvanchla PG Collge Rani Ki Srai Azamgarh

Pharmacy colleges[edit]

  • Pharmacy College Azamgarh
  • RK.Pharmacy College Azamgarh

Medical colleges[edit]

  • Government Homeopathic Medical College Azamgarh
  • Children Institute of Medical college (Dental College) Azamgarh[9]
  • Ibne Sina Tibbiya College & Hospital Beenapara Saraimeer Azamgarh
  • PGI hospital and Rajkiya Medical college Chakrapanpur Azamgarh

FM[edit]

  • Voice Of Azamgarh (90.4)(Community Radio)[10]
  • Air Vivid Bharti (102.2) which Broadcast from Mau District & Covers Azamgarh city too.

Notable people[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Origin of Name of Azamgarh :". Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Azamgarh". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-05-30. 
  3. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  4. ^ Singh 1975, p. 4.
  5. ^ Pandey 1989, p. 13.
  6. ^ Singh & Rana 2002, p. 27.
  7. ^ "Seasonal Weather Averages". Weather Underground. December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010. , temperature data from Weather Underground
  8. ^ "Varanasi". Indian Meteorology Department. Retrieved 22 December 2010. , precipitation data from Indian Meteorology Department
  9. ^ http://www.aicceds.org/institute.html
  10. ^ http://www.voiceofazamgarh.com/
  11. ^ Profile of Iqbal Abdulla, ESPN.
  12. ^ a b "The Azamgarh you don't know"; within Saikat Datta and Sharat Pradhan, "A place and its negative", Outlook, 6 October 2008, p.34. Here at Google Books.

External links[edit]