Azamgarh district

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Azamgarh district
आज़मगढ़ ज़िला
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District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Azamgarh district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Azamgarh district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Azamgarh
Headquarters Azamgarh
Tehsils 7
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Azamgarh, Lalganj
Area
 • Total 3,054 km2 (1,179 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,616,509
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 72.69%
Website Official website

Azamgarh district (Hindi: आज़मगढ़ ज़िला, Urdu: اعظم گڑھ ضلع‎) is one of the three districts of Azamgarh Division in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Etymology[edit]

The district is named after its headquarters town, Azamgarh. Azam, son of Vikramajit, founded the town in 1665. Vikramajit a descendant of Gautam Rajputs of Mehnagar in pargana Nizamabad had embraced the faith of Islam. He had two sons, namely, Azam and Azmat.[1] It is also known as land of the sage Durvasa whose ashram was located in Phulpur tehsil,[2] near the confluence of Tons and Majhuee river, 6 kilometres (4 mi) north from the Phulpur tehsil headquarters.

History[edit]

Colonial Era[edit]

Both Hindu and Muslim landowners (known as Rautaras) of Azamgarh aided the Sepoy Mutiny against the British in 1857. On 3 June 1857 the 17th Regiment of Native Infantry mutinied at Azamgarh, murdered some of their officers, and carried off the government treasure to Fayzabad. The district became a centre of the fighting between the Gurkhas and the rebels, and was brought under control in October 1858 by Colonel Kelly. The most notable rebels were Late. Janab Lal Mohammed Chivtahvin, Later, many of the local land owners were crushed by the British.[3] Later, residents of Azamgarh participated in various national movements including the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement in 1942.[1] The historian, social reformer, nationalist Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan was born in a village in this district,

Geography[edit]

Azamgarh district has an area of 4,054 square kilometres (1,565 sq mi). The district lies between the Ganges and the Ghagahara.[1] Azamgarh district is surrounded by the districts of Mau in the east, Gorakhpur in the north, Ghazipur in the south-east, Jaunpur in the south-west, Sultanpur in the west and Ambedkar Nagar in the north-west.[4]

Azamgarh district is further divided into 7 tehsils, and 22 development blocks. There are 4,106 villages (3,792 inhabited and 314 uninhabited) in the district.[1]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Azamgarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Azamgarh district has a population of 4,616,509,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Bosnia and Herzegovina[7] or the US state of South Carolina.[8] This gives it a ranking of 30th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 1,139 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,950 /sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.17%.[6] Azamgarh has a sex ratio of 1017 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 72.69%.[6]

Azamgarh district's total population was 3,939,915 as per 2001 census with population density of 972/km². The population consists of 297,300 urban and 3,642,616 rural; 1,989,501 females and 1,950,414 males. The literacy rate was 57%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Vernaculars spoken in Azamgarh include Hindi, Avadhi, Urdu, and Bhojpuri.[9]

Divisions[edit]

Gambhirban is a village in Rani Ki Sarai block.[10] The village is dominated by Raghuvanshi and Dikshit Rajpoots. It is situated near by Rahul Sankrityayan (Hindi/Sanskrit scholar) village Kanausa Chakrapanipur. Gambhirban Village is one of the biggest villages in Azamgarh. It is near Baraila Taal, a large pond. A state hospital PGI is nearby. It is 10 km from Azamgarh city.

Places of Interest[edit]

  • Jamiatul Falah (Asia's top University for study of Quran)
  • Darul Musanafeen (Asia's Biggest Arabic library)[citation needed]
  • Aljamiatul Ashrafia (Asia's biggest Arabic University)[citation needed]
  • kendriya vidyalaya

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Azamgarh". Azamgarh district administration. Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  2. ^ “Durvasa Ashram in Azamgarh official public information web page”
  3. ^ http://chestofbooks.com/reference/Encyclopedia-Britannica-1/Azamgarh.html
  4. ^ "Azamgarh". UP online. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,622,163 July 2011 est." 
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "South Carolina 4,625,364" 
  9. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  10. ^ Singh, R. K.; Turner, N. J.; Pandey, C. B. (2011). ""Tinni" Rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.) Production: An Integrated Sociocultural Agroecosystem in Eastern Uttar Pradesh of India". Environmental Management 49 (1): 26–43. doi:10.1007/s00267-011-9755-8. PMID 21959872.  edit

External links[edit]

Official website

Coordinates: 26°36′00″N 83°11′24″E / 26.60000°N 83.19000°E / 26.60000; 83.19000