Azerbaijan–Serbia relations refer to the foreign relations between Republic of Azerbaijan and Republic of Serbia. Both Serbia and parts of Azerbaijan were ruled by Ottoman Empire. Serbia has an embassy in Baku. Azerbaijan has an embassy in Belgrade. Both countries are members of United Nations, Council of Europe, Partnership for Peace, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC), and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Also Serbia is an observer member and Azerbaijan is a full member of the Non-Aligned Movement. 223rd Belgrade Red Banner Azerbaijan Rifle Division — formed from Azerbaijani people participated in the liberation of Yugoslavia and Belgrade from Nazi Germany during the World War II.
The relations between two countries started to get close during last few years. Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić paid a visit to Azerbaijan in 2009 and President of Serbia Boris Tadić paid an official visit to Azerbaijan in 2010. During his visit, Tadić have visited the graves of Black January victims and discussed bilateral and strategic relations between two countries. The volume of trade turnover is not big enough but it's developing. Two countries are interested in co-operation in energy and education areas. The meetings between foreign ministers Vuc Jeremic and Elmar Mammadyarov have regular and intensive character. President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev paid an official visit to Serbia in 2011. Aliyev and Tadic unveiled a bust to Uzeyir Hajibeyov in the town of Novi Sad as well as attended the opening of Tasmajdan Park in Belgrade. The visit showed that not only political but also cultural relations are also developing. The books Colors and Color dreams, which consist of poetic cycles of colors by Rasul Rza, People`s Poet of Azerbaijan, were published in Belgrade.
Serbia was among the countries that had voted in favour of Azerbaijan in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 62/243 which was a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly regarding Nagorno-Karabakh. On the day when Republic of Kosovo official declared its independence from Serbia, Khazar Ibrahim have stated that Azerbaijan "view this illegal act as being in contradiction with international law. Proceeding from this, Azerbaijan's position is clear: it does not recognise [Kosovo's] independence". Azerbaijan has also withdrawn peacekeepers from Kosovo. Turkey has been exerting significant efforts at a senior-level gathering of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) being held in Dakar, Senegal, to have a strongly worded statement lending support to Kosovo's declaration of independence issued but among some countries Azerbaijan opposed. During the first meeting of Azerbaijan-Serbia intergovernmental commission on 4 November 2011 Co-chairmen of the commission Azerbaijan Minister of Economic Development Shahin Mustafayev showed Azerbaijan's support. Serbia, in return, have stated that they will keep on supporting Azerbaijan's position in the conflict against to Armenia. Azerbaijani Culture Center were also opened in Belgrade. The two countries are also planning to cancel visa regime.
- Serbiya Prezidenti Boris Tadiç şəhidlərin xatirəsini yad edib
- Prezident İlham Əliyev: "Azərbaycan Avropanın enerji təhlükəsizliyi məsələlərində öz rolunu oynayacaq"
- Official visit of Ilham Aliyev to Serbia
- "Резолюция СБ ООН № 884 от 12 ноября 1993 года". United Nations. Retrieved January 4, 2011. (Russian)
- Azerbaijan says not recognizing Kosovo independence, Reuters, 2008-02-25
- Turkey lobbying for stronger Muslim support for Kosovo, APA, 2008-03-11
- Serbia 'supports Azerbaijan's position on conflict'