Azerbaijani diaspora

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The Azerbaijani diaspora are the communities of Azerbaijanis living outside of places of their ethnic origin: Azerbaijan Republic and Iranian Azerbaijan. The term Azerbaijani diaspora refers to the global community of ethnic Azerbaijanis.

According to Ethnologue, there were over 1 million Azerbaijani-speakers of the north dialect in southern Dagestan, Armenia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan as of 1993.[1] Other sources, such as national censuses, confirm the presence of Azerbaijanis throughout the former Soviet Union. The Ethnologue figures are outdated in the case of Armenia, where the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has affected the population of Azerbaijanis.[2] Ethnologue further reports that an additional 1 million Iranian Azerbaijanis live outside Iran, but these figures most likely are a reference to the Iraqi Turkmen, a distinct though related Turkic people.[3]

History of the Azerbaijani diaspora[edit]

Azerbaijani Americans protesting near the U.S. Capitol, Spring 2013.

The main migration of Azerbaijani people occurred at the same time of Turkic migration between the 6th and 11th centuries (the Early Middle Ages), when they spread across most of Central Asia and into Europe and the Middle East. In the following centuries the local population began to be assimilated from the emerging Azerbaijani migrants.

Organizations[edit]

The State Committee of Azerbaijan Republic on Work with Diaspora was established to handle the communication with the diaspora and to drive the creation of new societies and organizations. In 2004 the committee effected the creation of about 40 new Azerbaijani communities worldwide.[4]

Current number of Azerbaijanis in select countries[edit]

Rank Country Official figures Current est. Azerbaijanis population № of Azerbaijanis List of Azerbaijanis by country
1  Russia 603,070 (Census 2010)[5] 1,500,000[6][7] to 3,000,000 [8] Azerbaijanis in Russia List of Russian Azerbaijanis
2  Turkey 800,000 [9][10] Azerbaijanis in Turkey List of Turkish Azerbaijanis
3  Georgia 284,761 (2002)[11] 360,000 (2007) [12] Azerbaijanis in Georgia List of Georgian Azerbaijanis
4  Kazakhstan 85,292 (2009)[13] 150,000[14] Azerbaijanis in Kazakhstan
5  Germany 15,219 (2006) 200,000 [15] Azerbaijanis in Germany
6  Ukraine 45,176 (2001)[16] Azerbaijanis in Ukraine
7  Netherlands 7,000[17] — 18,000 (2009)[18]
8  Kyrgyzstan 17,267(2009)[19] Azerbaijanis in Kyrgyzstan
9  United Kingdom 15,000 (2009)[20] British Azerbaijanis
10  United States 14,205 Republic of Azerbaijan(2000)[21] - 40,400 Iranian Azerbaijanis[22] 400,000 [23][24][25] Azerbaijani American List of Azerbaijanian Americans
11  Canada 4,580 (2011)[26] 80,000 [27] Azerbaijani Canadian
12  France 1,112 (asylum-seekers),[28] 70,000 [29] Azerbaijanis in France
13  Uzbekistan 44,410 (1989)[30] Azerbaijanis in Uzbekistan
14  Turkmenistan 33,365 (1989)[31] Azerbaijanis in Turkmenistan
15  Belarus 5,567 (2009)[32] Azerbaijanis in Belarus
16  Latvia 1,697 (2001)[33]
17  Estonia 880 (2000)[34]
18  Lithuania 788 [34]
19  Tajikistan 800 (2000)[35]
20  Australia 300[36]
21  Austria 1,159[37]
22  Denmark 231[38]
23  Lithuania 788 [34]
24  Armenia no data available Azerbaijanis in Armenia List of Armenian Azerbaijanis
25  Hungary around 100[citation needed] Azerbaijanis in Hungary List of Hungarian Azerbaijanis

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Report for Azerbaijani, North, Ethnologue . Retrieved 9 June 2006.
  2. ^ Peace Talks at Key West between Armenia and Azerbaijan, US State Department, 3 April 2001. Retrieved 9 June 2006.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Azerbaijani, South: A language of Iran" - Ethnologue report . Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  4. ^ An excerpt about Azerbaijani diaspora from the official digest "Azerbaijan. Information Digest. 2007", Baku, 2007
  5. ^ Портал "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года" - Окончательные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года :Национальный состав населения Российской Федерации
  6. ^ "Итоги переписи". 2002 census. Russian Federation State Statistics Service. 2004. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  7. ^ van der Leeuw, Charles (2000). Azerbaijan: a quest for identity : a short history. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-312-21903-1. 
  8. ^ Azerbaijan Acts to Limit the Discrimination Against Azeris in Russia by Nailia Sohbetqizi. Eurasianet.org. 11 November 2002. Retrieved 15 September 2006
  9. ^ "Turkey: Religions & Peoples", Encyclopedia of the Orient . Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  10. ^ "Turkey-Peoples". Looklex Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  11. ^ State Statistics Department of Georgia: 2002 census . Retrieved 16 July 2006. Archived August 31, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "languages in Georgia". Ethnologue. 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Ethnic Composition of Kazakhstan (2009 census) . Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  14. ^ Gunaz TV article on Stalin's Repressions
  15. ^ Азербайджанцы хорошо интегрированы в германское общество – Нусрет Дельбест | Азербайджанцы хорошо интегрированы в германское общество – Нусрет Дельбест | Ежедневный информационный ресурс – "Azeri.ru – Азербайджанцы в России". Azeri.ru. Retrieved on 2011-06-18.
  16. ^ "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  17. ^ "AZERI OF NETHERLANDS". People Groups. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  18. ^ Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Bilateral relations with the Netherlands: Diaspora. NB Of these, 7,000 are immigrants from Azerbaijan. Retrieved on 3 June 2009
  19. ^ Population and Housing Census 2009. Book 2. Part 1. (in tables). Population of Kyrgyzstan. (Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009. Книга 2. Часть 1. (в таблицах). Население Кыргызстана), Bishkek: National Committee on Statistics, 2010 
  20. ^ Oguz-Gassanly, Murad (2001). "Azeri Diaspora. The Case of the United Kingdom". Azeri Voice. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  21. ^ http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/stp-159/STP-159-Azerbaijan.pdf
  22. ^ Iranian Studies Group at MIT, Iranian-American Community Survey Results, 2005. Web.mit.edu. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  23. ^ http://www.usazeris.org/proclamations/AzerbaijanIndependenceDayArlingtonCountyBoardProclamationOct08.jpg
  24. ^ http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insightb/articles/eav050809c.shtml
  25. ^ http://www.stlamerican.com/reader_interaction/letters_to_the_editor/article_a906f9d6-4a8f-11e0-9d87-001cc4c03286.html
  26. ^ "Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households". Statistics Canada. 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2013.  In the 2011 census, 1,985 people indicated 'Azeri'/'Azerbaijani' as a single response and 2,595 as part of multiple origins.
  27. ^ Moridi, Reza (25 June 2010). "Azerbaijani diaspora in Canada should do much to resist Armenians". News.Az. 
  28. ^ http://www.enpi-info.eu/.../Azerbaijan_Profile2008.pdf
  29. ^ http://az.trend.az/news/society/1034370.html#popupInfo
  30. ^ "The National Structure of the Republic of Uzbekistan". Umid World. 1989. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  31. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР. Демоскоп Weekly (in Russian) (493–494). 1–22 January 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  32. ^ "Population Census 2009". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  33. ^ Poleshchuk, Vadim (March 2001). "Accession to the European Union and National Integration in Estonia and Latvia" (PDF). European Center for Minority Issues. Retrieved 18 January 2012. 232 citizens 
  34. ^ a b c "Population by national and/or ethnic group, sex and urban/rural residence". United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  35. ^ Михаил Тульский. "Итоги переписи населения Таджикистана 2000 года: национальный, возрастной, половой, семейный и образовательный составы". «Демоскоп». Archived from the original on 2011-08-25. 
  36. ^ 2006 Australian Census. NB According to the 2006 census, 290 people living in Australia identified themselves as of Azeri ancestry, although the Australian-Azeri community is estimated to be larger. . Retrieved 1 April 2008.
  37. ^ [1]
  38. ^ StatBank Denmark (2010). Controllato 14 agosto 2010.