Azerbaijani folk music
|Music of Azerbaijan|
|Media and performance|
|Music media||Medeniyyet TV|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||March of Azerbaijan|
Azerbaijani folk music (Azərbaycan Xalq Musiqisi) combines the distinct cultural values of all civilisations that have lived in Azerbaijan and the past territories in Europe and Asia. After dissolution of Soviet Union, with the rising popularity of Azerbaijani pop music and mugham, Azerbaijani folk music has lost its old prestige, but singers like Zeynab Khanlarova, Sevda Alekperzadeh and Azerin made successful hit songs and became important representatives of the genre.
Most songs recount stories of real life events and Azerbaijani folklore, or have developed through song contests between troubadour poets. Corresponding to their origins, folk songs are usually played at weddings, funerals and special festivals.
Regional folk music generally accompanies folk dances, which vary significantly across regions. The regional mood also affects the subject of the folk songs, e.g. folk songs from the Caspian Sea are lively in general and express the customs of the region. Songs about betrayal have an air of defiance about them instead of sadness, whereas the further south travelled in Azerbaijan the more the melodies resemble a lament.
As this genre is viewed as a music of the people, musicians in socialist movements began to adapt folk music with contemporary sounds and arrangements in the form of protest music.
Plucked stringed instruments include the lute-like saz, chang, gopuz, tar and oud, originally barbat, and the dulcimer-like qanún (also sometimes hammered). Bowed stringed instruments include the kamancha.
Apart from percussion instruments, there is also this musical gemstone known as Gaval Dash. It makes a tambourine-like sound when it is hit in different points. Among the stone books there are a big flat stone formed out of 3 supports. Suffice it to touch the object with a small stone, musical sounds come from it. The Gaval Dash have been formed due the combination of unique climate, oil and gas which can be found in the region of Azerbaijan.The Gaval Dash can only be found in Gobustan, Azerbaijan.
- Habil Aliyev
- Ramiz Guliyev
- Avtandil Israfilov
- Elchin Hashimov
- Kamil Jalilov
- Bahram Mansurov
- Gurban Pirimov
- Alihan Samedov
- Natig Shirinov
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- Ecotourism: Gobustan Reserve
- Gaval dash (Tambourine stone)