Azerbaijani manat

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Azerbaijani manat
Azərbaycan manatı  (Azerbaijani)
1 manat obv.jpg Azerbaijani qapiks.jpg
Obverse of 1 manat coins of the manat
ISO 4217 code AZN
Central bank Central Bank of Azerbaijan
 Website www.cbar.az
User(s) Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
Inflation 2.2% June 2012.
 Source Central Bank of Azerbaijan
 Method CPI
Subunit
 1/100 qəpik
Symbol Azeri manat symbol.svg
Coins 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50 qəpik
Banknotes 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 manat

The Manat (code: AZN) is the currency of Azerbaijan. It is subdivided into 100 qəpik. The word manat is borrowed from the Russian word "moneta" (coin) which is pronounced as "maneta". Manat was also the designation of the Soviet ruble in both the Azerbaijani and Turkmen languages.

The Azerbaijani manat symbol, (Azeri manat symbol.svg), was assigned to Unicode U+20BC in 2013. A lowercase m. or man. can be used as a substitute for the manat symbol.

First Manat, 1919-1923[edit]

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and its successor the Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic issued their own currency between 1919 and 1923. The currency was called the manat (منات) in Azeri and the ruble (рубль) in Russian, with the denominations written in both languages (and sometimes also in French) on the banknotes. The manat replaced the first Transcaucasian ruble at par and was replaced by the second Transcaucasian ruble after Azerbaijan became part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. No subdivisions were issued, and the currency only existed as banknotes.

Banknotes[edit]

The Democratic Republic issued notes in denominations of 25, 50, 100, 250 and 500 manat, whilst the Soviet Socialist Republic issued notes in denominations of 5; 100; 1,000; 5,000; 10,000; 25,000; 50,000; 100,000; 250,000; 1 million and 5 million manat.

Second Manat, 1992-2006[edit]

The second manat was introduced on 15 August 1992.[1] It had the ISO 4217 code AZM and replaced the Soviet ruble at a rate of 10 rubles to 1 manat.

From early 2002 to early 2005, the exchange rate was fairly stable (varying within a band of 4770–4990 manat per US dollar). Starting in the spring of 2005 there was a slight but steady increase in the value of the manat against the US dollar; the reason most likely being the increased flow of petrodollars into the country, together with the generally high price of oil on the world market. At the end of 2005, one dollar was worth 4591 manat. Banknotes below 100 manat had effectively disappeared by 2005, as had the qəpik coins.

Coins[edit]

Qəpik coins of the second manat

Coins were issued in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 50 qəpik, dated 1992 and 1993. Although brass and cupro-nickel were used for some of the 1992 issues, later issues were all in aluminium.

Banknotes[edit]

The following banknotes were issued for this currency

  • 1, 5, 10, 250 manat (all first issued on 15 August 1992)
  • 50, 100, 500, 1000 manat (all first issued in early 1993)
  • 10,000 manat (first issued in August 1994)
  • 50,000 manat (first issued in May 1996)

Banknotes with denominations from 1 to 250 manat featured Baku's Maiden Tower.

Third Manat, 2006[edit]

On 1 January 2006, a new manat (ISO 4217 code AZN, also called the "manat (national currency)") was introduced at a value of 5,000 old manat. Since 1 October 2005, prices have been indicated both in new manats and in old manats to ease transition. Coins denominated in qəpik, which had not been used from 1993 onwards due to inflation, have been reintroduced with the redenomination. The former manat (ISO code 4217 AZM) remained valid through 31 December 2006.[2]

Symbol[edit]

The new banknotes and Azeri Manat symbol, (Azeri manat symbol.svg), were designed by Robert Kalina in 2006, and the symbol was added to Unicode (U+20BC) in 2013, after failed addition proposals between 2008 and 2011.[3] The final Azeri Manat symbol design was inspired by the design of the Euro sign (€), based on an initial proposal by Mykyta Yevstifeyev,[4] and resembles a single-bar Euro sign rotated 90° clockwise.

Coins[edit]

Coins in circulation are 1, 3, 5, 10, 20 and 50 qəpik. Most coins closely resemble the size and shape of various euro coins. Most notably the bimetallic 50 qəpik (similar to €2 coin) and the 10 qəpik (Spanish flower, like the 20 cent coin). Coins were first put into circulation during January 2006 and do not feature a mint year.

Coins of the (new) manat (2006)
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of
Diameter Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse minting issue withdrawal lapse
AZ-2006qapik01.jpg 1 qəpik 16.25 mm 2.8 g Copper plated steel Plain Theme: Culture
traditional instruments used in performing modal music-mugham
Map of Azerbaijan, country name, value (2006) January 2006[5] Current -
AZ-2006qapik03.jpg 3 qəpik 18.00 mm 3.45 g Grooved Theme: Writing and Literature
AZ-2006qapik05.jpg 5 qəpik 19.75 mm 4.58 g Reeded Theme: History
Maiden Tower
AZ-2006qapik10.jpg 10 qəpik 22.25 mm 5.25 g Brass plated steel Notched
(Spanish flower)
Theme: Karabakh
AZ-2006qapik20.jpg 20 qəpik 24.25 mm 6.6 g Segmented reeding Theme: Education and Future
AZ-2006qapik50.jpg 50 qəpik 25.5 mm 7.7 g Inner ring: brass plated steel

Outer ring: stainless steel

Theme: Economy and Progress

Banknotes[edit]

Banknotes in circulation are 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 manat. They were designed by Austrian Robert Kalina, who also designed the current banknotes of the euro and the Syrian Pound. Therefore the notes look quite similar to those of the euro and the choice of motifs was inspired by the euro banknotes.

New manat (2006–present)
Image Value Dimensions Main Color Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse printing issue[5] lapse
1 manat obv.jpg 1 manat rev.jpg 1 manat 120 × 70 mm Grey Theme: Culture

Azerbaijani folk music instruments (daf, kamancheh, tar)

Ornaments of ancient Azerbaijani carpets 2005
2009
January 2006 current
5 manat obv.jpg 5 manat rev.jpg 5 manat 127 × 70 mm Orange Theme: Writing and literature

Ancient writers, poets, and books from Azerbaijan, with a written excerpt of the national anthem and letters from the contemporary Azerbaijani alphabet

Rock drawings of Gobustan, samples of Old Turkic script
10 manat obv.jpg 10 manat rev.jpg 10 manat 134 × 70 mm Blue Theme: History

Old Baku, the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and the Maiden Tower against a background of the Icheri Sheher wall

Ornaments of ancient Azerbaijani carpets 2005 March 2006
20 manat obv.jpg 20 manat rev.jpg 20 manat 141 × 70 mm Green Theme: Karabakh

Signs of power (a sword, a helmet and a shield)

Symbol of peace (harybulbul)
50-manat front.jpg 50-manat.jpg 50 manat 148 × 70 mm Yellow Theme: History and future

Youth, stairs (as a symbol of progress), the sun (as a symbol of force and light) and chemical and mathematical symbols (as signs of science)

Ornaments of ancient Azerbaijani carpets April 2006
100 manat obv.jpg 100 manat rev.jpg 100 manat 155 × 70 mm Mauve Theme: Economy and development

Architectural symbols from antiquity up to today, the manat currency symbol (Azeri manat symbol.svg) and symbols of economic growth

Ornaments of ancient Azerbaijani carpets
These images are to scale at 0.7 pixels per millimetre.

(Future) changes[edit]

  • In 2009 the Azərbaycan Milli Bankı (National Bank of Azerbaijan) was renamed the Azərbaycan Mərkəzi Bankı (Central Bank of Azerbaijan). In 2010, the 1-manat banknote was issued with the new name of the issuing bank, and in 2012 a 5-manat banknote was issued with the new name of the issuing bank.
Obverse Reverse Description
1manat09a.jpg 1manat09b.jpg 1 manat (2009)
5manat09a.jpg 5manat09b.jpg 5 manat (2009)
  • In 2011 the Azerbaijani ministry of finance announced it was considering to issue notes of 2 and 3 manat as well as notes with values larger than 100 manat[6] In February 2013 the Central Bank of Azerbaijan announced it would not introduce larger denomination notes until at least 2014.[7]

Exchange rates[edit]

Current AZN exchange rates
From Google Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL
From Yahoo! Finance: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL
From XE.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL
From OANDA.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL
From fxtop.com: AUD CAD CHF EUR GBP HKD JPY USD RUB TRY GEL

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]