Azerbaijani parliamentary election, 2010

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A parliamentary election was held in Azerbaijan on 7 November 2010.[1][2]


The registration of candidates ends October 15 when the campaign period ends.[3] Though 2,500 candidates filed application to run in the election, only 690 were given the go ahead by the electoral commission.[4]

The parties that competed in the election were:

Campaign irregularities[edit]

The elections were observed by monitors from the European Parliament, Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe. OSCE stated that the election campaign had been marred by restrictions on media freedom and freedom of assembly. Many opposition candidates were unable to register themselves, thus creating an "uneven playing field", according to the OSCE.[5] The pre-election atmosphere was tense with the media complaining of pressure and intransparent financial transactions of state officials.[6][7][8]

Many national and foreign experts found no major improvement in the conduct of these elections. No elections after 1992 was fully in accordance with national and international democratic standards. So far Azerbaijan has been convicted twice of election fraud during the 2005 parliamentary elections by the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. In April[when?] it was regarding Nemat Aliyev's case [9] and in September regarding Flora Karimova's.[10] More cases are expected to be decided soon. On short notice Azerbaijan decided to stop issuing visas at the airport for holders of ordinary passports. This would reduce the number of foreigners in Azerbaijan during the elections. People familiar with the past visa practice expressed their opinion that this was the aim.[11]


Western observers[5] and the opposition alleged irregularities.[12] The elections were observed by monitors from the European Parliament, Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe. The OSCE reported that on election day there were cases of ballot-stuffing.[5]

President Ilham Aliyev's ruling Yeni Azerbaijan Party got a majority of 73 out of 125 seats.[13] Nominally independent candidates, who were aligned with the government, received 38 seats, and 10 small opposition or quasi-opposition parties got the remaining 13 seats. Civic Solidarity retained its 3 seats, and Ana Vaten kept the 2 seats they had in the previous legislature; the Democratic Reforms party, Great Creation, the Movement for National Rebirth, Umid, Civic Unity, Civic Welfare, Adalet (Justice), and the Popular Front of United Azerbaijan, most of which were represented in the previous parliament, won one seat a piece.[14]

For the first time in Azerbaijani history, not a single candidate from the main opposition Azerbaijan Popular Front (AXCP) or Musavat parties was elected.[14] The opposition Musavat decried the election as "illegitimate...[the] events had nothing to do with elections, it was the most shameful kind of election." Ruling president, Aliyev, however, said the election was fair.[5]

The Central Election Commission said turnout was 50.1%, out of a total 4.9 million people eligible to vote. Opposition leaders suggested the low turnout was due to candidate disqualifications by the CEC, and consequent discouragements to vote after their choice of candidate was excluded.[4]

e • d Summary of the 7 November 2010 National Assembly of Azerbaijan election results
Parties Votes Percentage Seats
Yeni Azerbaijan Party (Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası) 1,104,528 45.8 72
Civic Solidarity Party (Vətəndaş Həmrəyliyi Partiyası) 37,994 1.6 3
Motherland Party (Ana Vətən Partiyası) 32,935 1.4 2
Equality Party (Müsavat Partiyası) 42,551 1.8
Azerbaijani Popular Front Party (Azərbaycan Xalq Cəbhəsi Partiyası) 31,068 1.3
Independents, candidates who did not indicate their party affiliation, others 1,160,053 48.2 48
Total (turnout 50.1%) 2,409,129 100.0 125
Source: Adam Carr's Election Archive


See also[edit]