Azincourt

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This article is about the commune. For other uses, see Azincourt (disambiguation).
Azincourt
Site of the battle of Agincourt
Site of the battle of Agincourt
Coat of arms of Azincourt
Coat of arms
Azincourt is located in France
Azincourt
Azincourt
Coordinates: 50°28′N 2°08′E / 50.46°N 2.13°E / 50.46; 2.13Coordinates: 50°28′N 2°08′E / 50.46°N 2.13°E / 50.46; 2.13
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Montreuil-sur-Mer
Canton Le Parcq
Intercommunality 7 Vallées Comm
Government
 • Mayor (2014–) Nicola Pocolet
Area1 8.46 km2 (3.27 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 302
 • Density 36/km2 (92/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62066 / 62310
Elevation 100–142 m (328–466 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Azincourt (French pronunciation: ​[azɛ̃kuʁ]; historically, Agincourt /ˈæʒɪnkʊr/ in English) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

Geography[edit]

Situated 12 miles (19 kilometres) north-west of Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise on the D71 road between Hesdin and Fruges

Etymology[edit]

The town's name is attested as Aisincurt in 1175, derived from a Germanic masculine name Aizo, Aizino and the early Northern French word curt 'farm with a courtyard' (Late Latin cortem). It has no etymological connection in French with Agincourt, Meurthe-et-Moselle (attested as Egincourt 875), which is derived from another Germanic male name *Ingin-.[1]

History[edit]

Azincourt is famous as being near the site of the battle fought on 25 October 1415 in which the army led by King Henry V of England defeated the forces led by Charles d'Albret on behalf of Charles VI of France, which has gone down in English history as the Battle of Agincourt. According to M. Forrest, the French knights were so encumbered by their armour that they were exhausted even before the start of the battle.[2]

Later on, when he became king in 1509, Henry VIII is supposed to have commissioned an English translation of a Life of Henry V[3] so that he could emulate him, on the grounds that he thought that launching a campaign against France would help him to impose himself on the European stage. In 1513, Henry VIII conclusively crossed the English Channel and stopped at Azincourt. He was notably accompanied by John Nevill.

The battlefield today

The battle, as was the tradition, was named after a nearby castle called Azincourt. The castle has since disappeared and the settlement now known as Azincourt adopted the name in the 17th Century.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 213 —    
1968 220 +3.3%
1975 210 −4.5%
1982 228 +8.6%
1990 250 +9.6%
1999 276 +10.4%
2005 286 +3.6%
2009 302 +5.6%

Sights[edit]

The original battlefield museum in the village featured model knights made out of Action Man figures. However, this has now been replaced by the Centre Historique Medieval (CHM) a more professional museum,conference centre and exhibition space incorporating laser, video, slide shows, audio commentaries, and some interactive elements.[4] The museum building is shaped like a longbow similar to those used at the battle by archers under King Henry.

Since 2004 a large medieval festival organised by the local community, the CHM, The Azincourt Alliance,[5] and various other UK societies commemorating the battle, local history and medieval life, arts and crafts has been held in the village,[6] on a July. Prior to this date the festival was held in October, but due to the inclement weather and local heavy clay soil (like the battle) making the festival difficult it was moved to July. No festival will be held in 2014, with a number of events planned for 2015 on the 600th anniversary of the original battle.[7]

Commemorative monument near to the battlefield

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Azincourt is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de lieux en France, éditions Larousse 1968. p. 4.
  2. ^ The House of Commons: 1509 - 1558, Volume 4; Stanley T. Bindoff, John S. Roskell, Lewis Namier, Romney Sedgwick, David Hayton, Eveline Cruickshanks, R. G. Thorne, P. W. Hasler (Boydell & Brewer, 1982)
  3. ^ Henry VIII; J. J. Scarisbrick, p. 23
  4. ^ Azincourt Centre Historique
  5. ^ http://www.azincourt-alliance.org.uk/
  6. ^ "Videos from Azincourt" at Azincourt Alliance
  7. ^ http://www.azincourt2015.info/
  8. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

External links[edit]