Azov Governorate

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For the original Azov Governorate established in 1708, see Voronezh Governorate.

Coordinates: 47°06′N 39°25′E / 47.100°N 39.417°E / 47.100; 39.417

Azov Governorate
Азовская губерния
Governorate of Russian Empire

1775–1783
Capital Belyov Fortress (1775-1778)
Yekaterinoslav (1779-1783)
History
 -  Established 14 February 1775
 -  Disestablished 1783
Population
 -  1778[1] 223,314 
Political subdivisions 9 counties (uyezd)

Azov Governorate (Russian: Азовская губерния, Azovskaya guberniya) was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Russian Empire, which existed from 1775 until 1783. The administrative seat of the Azov Government was in the fortress of Belyov Fortress and later in Yekaterinoslav.

Geography and history[edit]

The Azov Governorate was located in the northeastern Azov Littoral region and covered only the southern half portion of previously existed Azov Governorate in 1708-25. The new division was recreated from the southern Bakhmut Province of Voronezh Governorate and a self-governed frontier region of Slavo-Serbia, but primarily it was based on the recently created and quickly liquidated lands of Don Host. Some of the lands of Azov Governorate have been acquired by Russia from the Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (signed in 1774) that were lost in 1711 due to the Pruth River Campaign in Romanian region. In terms of the modern administrative division of Russia, the southern part of Rostov Oblast was part of the second Azov Governorate.[2] In terms of modern Ukraine, most of the East Ukraine was part of the Azov Governorate.

To the west it bordered the Novorossiysk Governorate (Kremenchug) created out of the recently liquidated Zaporizhian Sich, to the south - Azov Sea and Kuban region (under suzerenity of Crimean Khanate), to the northwest - the Sloboda Ukraine Governorate (Kharkov), to the north - Voronezh Governorate, and to the east - Astrakhan Governorate. The Azov Governorate was also in charge of number of fortress around the Crimean peninsula that Russia received from Ottoman Empire and the city of Kerch which controls the Strait of Kerch and access to the Black Sea.

Included territories[edit]

In 1775:

1776:

  • Yekaterine Province from Novorossiysk Governorate
  • autonomous administration in Slavo-Serbia was discontinued

Around the 1780s the Azov Governorate started to be divided into counties (uyezd). The governorate was divided into two provinces, Yekaterine and Bakhmut which were in turn divided into total of nine uyezds.

In less than ten years the government of Azov once again was liquidated after it was merged along with the Novorossiysk Governorate into the Vice-royalty of Yekaterinoslav in 1783.

List of uyezds[edit]

Administration[edit]

Azov Government along with Novorossiysk, Astrakhan and Saratov governments united under the Potyomkin's Novorossiysk General Government

The administration of the governorate was performed by a governor. The governors of the second Azov Governorate were[3]

  • 1775–1781 Vasily Alexeyevich Chertkov;
  • 1781-? Georgy Gavrilovich Gersevanov.

Nationality[edit]

  • By the Imperial census of 1778.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Azov Governorate per the 1778 Russian Census. Russian State Archives of Ancient Acts.
  2. ^ Сергей Тархов. "Изменение административно-территориального деления России в XIII-XX вв.". "Логос", 2005, №1. ISSN 0869-5377 (Sergey Tarkhov. Changes of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Russia in the 13th–20th centuries).
  3. ^ Днепропетровская область (in Russian). narod.ru. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Language Statistics of 1897 (Russian)

External links[edit]