|Governorate of Russian Empire|
|Capital||Belyov Fortress (1775-1778)
|-||Established||14 February 1775|
|Political subdivisions||9 counties (uyezd)|
Azov Governorate (Russian: Азовская губерния, Azovskaya guberniya) was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Russian Empire, which existed from 1775 until 1783. Also in 1708-1725 existed an original Azov Governorate that was eventually renamed to Voronezh Governorate. The administrative seat of the Azov Government was in the fortress of Belyov Fortress and later in Yekaterinoslav.
Geography and history
The Azov Governorate was located in the northeastern Azov Littoral region and covered only the southern half portion of previously existed Azov Governorate in 1708-25. The new division was recreated from the southern Bakhmut Province of Voronezh Governorate and a self-governed frontier region of Slavo-Serbia, but primarily it was based on the recently created and quickly liquidated lands of Don Host. Some of the lands of Azov Governorate have been acquired by Russia from the Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca (signed in 1774) that were lost in 1711 due to the Pruth River Campaign in Romanian region. In terms of the modern administrative division of Russia, the southern part of Rostov Oblast was part of the second Azov Governorate. In terms of modern Ukraine, most of the East Ukraine was part of the Azov Governorate.
To the west it bordered the Novorossiysk Governorate (Kremenchug) created out of the recently liquidated Zaporizhian Sich, to the south - Azov Sea and Kuban region (under suzerenity of Crimean Khanate), to the northwest - the Sloboda Ukraine Governorate (Kharkov), to the north - Voronezh Governorate, and to the east - Astrakhan Governorate. The Azov Governorate was also in charge of number of fortress around the Crimean peninsula that Russia received from Ottoman Empire and the city of Kerch which controls the Straight of Kerch and access to the Black Sea.
- lands: Bakhmut Province (including Slavo-Serbia) and portions of Don Host Oblast
- fortresses: Saint Demetrius (today part of Rostov-on-Don), Yeni-Kale, Tor (Sloviansk with adjacent lands), Kinburn (including the Ochakov steppe, former Prohnoyivska palanka)
- cities: Taganrog and Kerch
- New Dnieper Linea (fortification line)
- Yekaterine Province from Novorossiysk Governorate
- autonomous administration in Slavo-Serbia was discontinued
Around 1780s the Azov Governorate started to be divided into counties (uyezd). The governorate was divided into two provinces, Yekaterine and Bakhmut which were in turn divided into total of nine uyezds.
List of counties (uyezd)
- Novomoskovsk (Yekaterinoslav) county
- Aleksandrovsk county
- Pavlograd (Pavlovsk) county
- Mariupol (Marienpol, Kalmius) county
- Konstantinograd (Konstantinov, Natalino) county
- Taganrog county
- Bakhmut county
- Sloviansk (Tor) county
- Tsarychanka county
Azov Government along with Novorossisk, Astrakhan and Saratov governments united under the Potyomkin's Novorossisk General Government
- 1775-1779 Grigoriy Potyomkin
The administration of the governorate was performed by a governor. The governors of the second Azov Governorate were
- 1775–1781 Vasily Alexeyevich Chertkov;
- 1781-? Georgy Gavrilovich Gersevanov.
- By the Imperial census of 1778.
|Romanians (including Moldavians and Transylvanians)||5,623||2.52||2,957||2,666|
|Previously (prior to Azov Governorate creation)||154,657||69.26||83,032||71,625|
- Azov Governorate per the 1778 Russian Census. Russian State Archives of Ancient Acts.
- Сергей Тархов. "Изменение административно-территориального деления России в XIII-XX вв.". "Логос", 2005, №1. ISSN 0869-5377 (Sergey Tarkhov. Changes of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Russia in the 13th–20th centuries).
- "Днепропетровская область" (in Russian). narod.ru. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- Language Statistics of 1897 (Russian)
- Tarkhov, S. "Изменение административно-территориального деления России за последние 300 лет" [Changes to administrative-territorial division of Russia for the last 300 years] (in Russian). Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Geography Weekly (2001). "Maps" (in Russian). Retrieved 26 August 2013.