Azriel Lévy (Hebrew: עזריאל לוי; born c. 1934) is an Israeli mathematician, logician, and a professor emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
He obtained his Ph.D. at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1958, under the supervision of Abraham Fraenkel and Abraham Robinson. Using Cohen's method of forcing, he proved several results on the consistency of various statements contradicting the axiom of choice. For example, with J. D. Halpern he proved that the Boolean prime ideal theorem does not imply the axiom of choice. He discovered the models L[x] used in inner model theory. He also introduced the notions of Lévy hierarchy of the formulas of set theory and Levy collapse. His students include Dov Gabbay, Moti Gitik, and Menachem Magidor.
- Lévy, Azriel (1958). "The independence of various definitions of finiteness" (PDF). Fundamenta Mathematicae 46: 1–13.
- A. Lévy: A hierarchy of formulas in set theory, Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society, 57, 1965.
- J. D. Halpern, A. Lévy: The Boolean prime ideal theorem does not imply the axiom of choice, Axiomatic Set Theory, Symposia Pure Math., 1971, 83–134.
- A. Lévy: Basic Set Theory, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979, 391 pages; reprinted by Dover Publications, 2003.