Aztec New Year

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Aztec New Year (Spanish: Año Nuevo Mexicano or Año Nuevo Azteca; Nahuatl: Yancuic Xīhuitl, pronounced /ˈjaŋkʷik ˈʃiːwit͡ɬ/) is the celebration of the new year according to the Aztec calendar. The date on which the holiday falls in the Gregorian calendar depends on the version of the calendar used,[citation needed] but it is generally considered to occur at sunrise on March 12.[1] The holiday is observed in some Nahua communities in Mexico. To celebrate, ocote (pitch-pine) candles are lit on the eve of the new year, along with fireworks, drumming, and singing. Some of the most important events occur in Huauchinango,[2] Naupan, Mexico City, Zongolica, and Xicotepec.[citation needed]

The latest and more accepted version was proposed by professor Rafael Tena (INAH), based on the studies of Durán, Sahagún and Alfonso Caso (UNAM).[3] His correlation confirms that the first day of the mexica year was February 13th according to the old Julian calendar or February 23rd of the current Gregorian calendar.

This 365-day calendar was corresponded with the solar year, was divided into 18 'months' of 20 days each, plus 5 'nameless' days at the end of the year. Also, there are some codices that show the existence of the leap year.[4] [5]


  1. ^ "El Observador #1 Bilingual Newspaper". El Observador. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  2. ^ "Inicia año nuevo Azteca". Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  3. ^ The Mexica Calendar and the Cronography, Rafael Tena. INAH-CONACULTA 2008.
  4. ^ Folio 92r Codex Magliabechi (1553), Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale de Florencia: XIII, 3, 1996.
  5. ^ Folio 7r Codex Telleriano-Ramensis (1562-1563), Bibliotheque Nacionale de France. Ms Mex 385, 1995.