|Traded as||BMV: AZTECA|
|Key people||Mario San Román, (CEO)|
|Revenue||US$ 965.3 million (2012)|
|Net income||US$ 177.1 million (2012)|
Azteca (BMV: AZTECA), previously TV Azteca, is a Mexican multimedia conglomerate owned by Grupo Salinas. It is the second largest mass media company in Mexico after Televisa. As of 2011, it competes in Mexico with Televisa. It operates two television networks, Azteca 7 and Azteca Trece in Mexico with repeaters and affiliate stations in most major and minor cities.
Azteca was founded on July 18, 1993. When two of three networks and all repeater stations owned by Instituto Mexicano de la Televisión were auctioned off by the Mexican government. Imevisión also owned the channel 22 of the Mexican Federal District and was delivered to Conaculta.
On July 18, 1993, the Mexico's Finance Ministry, Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público (SHCP) announced that Radiotelevisora del Centro, a group controlled by Ricardo Salinas Pliego, was the winner of the auction process to acquire the "state-owned media package". The winning bid amounted to US$645 million.
On March 7, 2011, TV Azteca changed the name to Azteca, for the subdivision simplification.
 Broadcast television networks
In Mexico, TV Azteca operates two networks: Azteca 7 and Azteca Trece. Both have had near-national coverage, mostly via over the air TV, cable TV, DBS, and FTA. Both networks are available in HDTV. Azteca 13 can also be seen live online via Azteca's website. Both Azteca 7 and Azteca Trece were established in 1983 as the state-owned Instituto Mexicano de la Televisión ("Imevisión"), a holding of the national TV networks Canal 13 (1968, state-owned since 1972) and Canal 7. In 1993, they were both privatized under their current name, and now it is part of Grupo Salinas. Its flagship program is the newscast Hechos. TV Azteca also operates Azteca 13 Internacional, reaching 13 countries in Central and South America. TV Azteca operates part of the Azteca América network in the United States.
 Acting school
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The network has set up an acting school, Centro de Estudios y Formación Actoral (CEFAC). Alumni include Iliana Fox, Luis Ernesto Franco, Adriana Louvier, Fran Meric, Bárbara Mori, Laura Palma and Adrián Rubio.
 Financial improprieties allegations
On 5 January 2005, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) accused TV Azteca executives (including chairman Ricardo Salinas Pliego) of having personally profited from a multi-million-dollar debt fraud committed by TV Azteca and another company in which they held stock. The charges were among the first brought under the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, introduced in the wake of the corporate financial scandals of that year.
 Legal and commercial problems with TVM
TV Azteca has an unresolved ownership dispute with the original owners of Mexico City's XHTVM-TV, (flagship station of the pay TV network Proyecto 40). In 1998, TV Azteca had a commercial alliance with Javier Moreno Valle, who had serious financial problems with his channel, Televisora del Valle de México (TVM). The contract was to sell spots and advertising in TVM of TV Azteca's sponsors while TV Azteca used half of the air time with their own programming. TV Azteca invested 25 million dollars for restructuring TVM and accommodating of Azteca's Hi-TV technology (13 additional subchannels from the three Azteca operated stations in Mexico City) in TVM's installations in Cerro del Chiquihuite in Mexico City as part of the contract. TVM later stopped transmitting TV Azteca programming because the company was losing money. TV Azteca took over the station with armed security guards and later accused TVM of breaching their contract and won their case.
 Federal Radio and Television Law
Federal Radio and Television Law, a bill concerning the licensing and regulation of the electromagnetic spectrum. The LFRT was favourable to both TV Azteca and Televisa (who together control 95 percent of all television frequencies) because it allowed them to renew their licenses without paying for them. According to The Economist, the Ley Federal de Radio y Televisión "raced through Congress confirming the country's longstanding television duopoly" and constituted a "giveaway of radio spectrum and a provision that allows broadcasting licenses to be renewed more or less automatically".
 Carriage disputes
In February 2012, TV Azteca networks (Azteca 7, Azteca 13, and Proyecto 40) were dropped by Mexican cable-TV carriers representing more than 4 million subscribers in a carriage dispute over terms. Cable operators claimed that Azteca wanted to charge a fee by packaging its over-the-air stations with cable networks, such as news and soap opera channels, which potentially represented a higher cost to suscribers. After nine month absence, TV Azteca returned gradually to cable operators.
 See also
- Grupo Salinas
- "Diario La Tercera (Argentina) "Televisa baja sus ganancias en primer trimestre de 2011"". Latercera.com. 2011-04-15. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- TV Azteca (March 7, 2011). "Azteca se renueva para ti ("Azteca renews for you")" (in spanish). Retrieved March 14, 2011.
- The New York Times > Business > Media & Advertising > Chairman of TV Azteca Is Charged With Fraud, Patrick McGeehan, New York Times, January 5, 2005.
- Hi-TV coverage and channels
- EL Universal: Cronología de la "guerra" TV Azteca-Canal 40 (Battle between TV Azteca and Canal 40) (Spanish)
- The Economist article on the Ley Federal de Radio y Televisión
- TV Azteca Dropped by Mexico Cable Carriers Over Pricing Dispute
- TV Azteca regresa a cable
- TV Azteca Official website
- Sub-official blog website (in spanish)
- TV Azteca Investor Relations
- SEC accusation
- Denying of the Azteca 13 Internacional by Canadian Authorities
- SEC accuses Mexican firm of fraud (BBC)
- TV Azteca's legal accusation against Francisco Gil Díaz (PDF format)(Spanish)