Bünde

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Bünde
Coat of arms of Bünde
Coat of arms
Bünde is located in Germany
Bünde
Bünde
Coordinates: 52°12′N 8°36′E / 52.200°N 8.600°E / 52.200; 8.600Coordinates: 52°12′N 8°36′E / 52.200°N 8.600°E / 52.200; 8.600
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Detmold
District Herford
Subdivisions 12
Government
 • Mayor Wolfgang Koch (CDU)
Area
 • Total 59.30 km2 (22.90 sq mi)
Elevation 59-175 m (−515 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 45,189
 • Density 760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 32257
Dialling codes 05223
Vehicle registration HF
Website www.buende.de

Bünde [ˈbʏndə] (Low German Buine) is a town in the Herford district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Bünde is situated between Osnabrück (west), Hannover (east) and Bielefeld (south).

Waterways[edit]

The town is crossed from west to east by the River Else, one of the few rivers in the world that does not originate from a spring, but as a result of bifurcation. It drains the whole area and discharges via the Werre and Weser into the North Sea. Within the town area it is joined by numerous small streams from the south and north. One of the northern streams is the Gewinghauser Bach, which on its way to the Else crosses water meadows in the district of Ennigloh-Gewinghausen. Other tributaries coming from the north in downstream order are the Ahler Bruchbach, which starts in Rödinghausen, flows mainly through the district of Ahler Bruch and enters the Else in the Melle area; in addition there is the Darmühlenbach, which also rises in Rödinghausen; then the Spradower Mühlenbach and finally the Eselsbach. From the south the Else is joined by the Werfener Bach.

Districts[edit]

The town is divided into 12 districts (Population numbers as of June 30, 2005):

  • Bünde (city center) (11,163 inhabitants)
  • Ennigloh (9,146 inhabitants)
  • Spradow (4,832 inhabitants)
  • Südlengern (4,610 inhabitants)
  • Dünne (4,165 inhabitants)
  • Holsen (3,762 inhabitants)
  • Hunnebrock (3,329 inhabitants)
  • Ahle (2,060 inhabitants)
  • Bustedt (1,751 inhabitants)
  • Hüffen (1,653 inhabitants)
  • Werfen (934 inhabitants)
  • Muckum (853 inhabitants)

International relations[edit]

Bünde is twinned with:=

History[edit]

Bünde was first mentioned, as Buginithi, in 853.[2] It has one of the oldest church foundations of Westphalia, the 'Laurentius Church' (founded about 778 - 840). During the Cold War, it was home to a British military base (part of the BAOR) which closed in 1993.

Coat of Arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Bünde

The coat of arms of the city of Bünde features the two epic Germanic warriors Hengist and Horsa taking an oath and sealing it with a handshake. According to legend, two tribal Germanic chieftains (presumably of the Engern and the Saxons) joined forces in Bünde to conquer and settle in another country (Britanny). The name Bünde meaning bounds, (plural of bound). A neighbouring town of Bünde (about 10 km away) is the city of Enger which derives its name from the Engern (Angrivarii) tribe. After this tribal join, the Angrivarii where literally considered to be part of the Saxon confederation and not to be confused with the Angeln of Schleswig Holstein, however, the two tribes have the same Germanic root which may mean narrow (perhaps relation to a narrow estuary or Jutland) and it is possible that the Engern are an early split off group from the Angeln. However, the Engern are a tribe that already lived north of the Osning during the time of the Varus battle. They have had a longer presence in the area (then the Saxons) and were known as a fierce people, just like their neighbours, the Cheruscii. The English language term to be angry is possibly derived from this joined Engern and Saxon forces battle cries, beating their wooden buckler shields with axes and spears.

Natural history[edit]

About 30 million-year-old fossils were found in the Doberg, including a skull of a toothed whale (Easqualadon langewieschei) and a skeleton of a manatee (Anemotherium langewieschei). Both were found 1911-1912 by Friedrich Langewiesche, who became an honorary citizen of Bünde. The fossils are presented in 'Doberg Museum' in Bünde.

Industry[edit]

The main industries are kitchen furniture and cigar manufacturers. The town is called the Cigar Box of Germany. Many tobacco products such as pipes, and tobacco jars are also produced here. The Westphalian tobacco industry is based here, as well as the tobacco museums.

Culture[edit]

The town supports the Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie for regular symphony concerts.

Notable Persons[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 4 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Adrian Room, Placenames of the World, 2nd ed. s.v. "Bũnde"; Franz Friedrich Roger Wilmans, Die Kaiserurkunden der Provinz Westfalen 777-1313: kritisch, topographisch, und historisch (Münster 1881) vol. II no. 189. p. 240; document of 1039.

External links[edit]