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The Bürgerbräukeller was a large beer hall located in Munich, Germany. It was one of the largest beer halls of the Bürgerliches Brauhaus company, and after Bürgerliches merged with Löwenbräu, the hall was transferred to that company. It was located on Rosenheimer Street in the Haidhausen area, behind today's Gasteig Culture Centre. Today, the Hilton Munich City Hotel and the headquarters of GEMA are located on the property.
After Hitler seized power in 1933, he commemorated each anniversary of the failed rebellion by giving a speech in the Bürgerbräukeller to the surviving veterans of the Putsch.
In 1939, an anti-Nazi workman, Georg Elser, concealed a time bomb in the Bürgerbräukeller, set to go off during Hitler's speech on 8 November. The bomb exploded, killing seven people and injuring sixty-three, but Hitler escaped unharmed; he had cut his speech short and left about half an hour early. Elser was arrested, imprisoned for 5 ½ years and executed shortly before the end of the war.
The building suffered severe structural damage from Elser's bomb and was never rebuilt. In subsequent years, Hitler held his annual Putsch commemoration gatherings at the Löwenbräukeller at Stiglmaierplatz.
Until the end of war in 1945, the Bürgerbräukeller was used for food storage. During the Allied occupation of Germany the building was converted into a USO. It was reopened as a beer hall and event location in 1958. The building was demolished in 1979 in favour of new construction, as were the nearby Münchner-Kindl-Keller and the Hofbräu brewery. Today, a memorial plaque dedicated to Elser is located near the site. The plaque to Elser is not at the actual site of the Bürgerbräukeller, which was located closer to Rosenheimerstraße, in the area where the covered S-Bahn entrance stands today next to the Gasteig building (U.S. National Archives, RG 243HMA)
- "Historisches Lexikon Bayerns - Bürgerbräukeller, München". georg-elser.de. Retrieved 2010-04-11.
- Hauner, Milan (1983, 2005, 2008), http://www.scribd.com/doc/24365561/Adolf-Hitler-a-Chronology-of-His-Life-and-Time HITLER - A Chronology of his Life and Time, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 158 (year 1940), 171 (year 1941), 183 (year 1942), 190 (year 1943), ISBN 978-1-4039-9492-9
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