Báetán mac Muirchertaig

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Báetán mac Muirchertaig (died 572),[1] also Baetán Bríge, was an Irish king who is included in some lists as a High King of Ireland. He was the son of Muirchertach mac Muiredaig (died 534), also considered a high king.[2] He was a member of the Cenél nEógain branch of the northern Uí Néill. He ruled in Ailech from 566 to 572.[3]

The high kingship of Ireland rotated between the Cenél nEógain and Cenél Conaill branches in the late 6th century.[4] Báetán ruled jointly with his nephew Eochaid mac Domnaill (died 572) from 569.[5] The middle Irish king lists have misplaced their reign putting it earlier than the annalistic tradition but other king lists have them in the correct order.[6] They are also omitted from the earliest list of Kings of Tara, the Baile Chuind (The Ecstasy of Conn), a late 7th-century Irish poem. It is possible that the Ulaid king, Báetán mac Cairill (died 579), was the actual high king at this time.[7]

In 572 the two kings were defeated and slain by Crónán mac Tigernaig, king of the Ciannachta of Glenn Geimin (Glengiven in modern County Londonderry).[8]

Báetán's son Colmán Rímid also appears as high king of Ireland in some lists. He had four other sons, Máel Umai, Forannán, Fergus and Ailill. His sons are given in The Laud Genealogies and Tribal Histories (ZCP Vol 8, P.294 Kuno Meyer) as follows: "Coic maic Baetáin maic Muirc[h]ertaig .i. Forgus, otáit Cenél Forgusa; Forannán, a quo Hui Forannáin; Ailill .i. athair Cindfaelad; Maelhumai .i. in rígfénid; Colman Rimid athair Fína máthar Flainn."

Family tree[edit]

    Báetán mac Muirchertaig
    | 
    |___________________________________________________________
    |                   |           |            |             |
    |                   |           |            |             |
    Colmán Rímid        Máel Umai   Forannán     Fergus        Ailill.
    |                               |            |             |
    |                               |            |             |_____________________________
    ?                         Hui Forannáin   Cenél Forgusa    |                          |
    |                                                          |                          |
    |                                                          Cenn Fáelad mac Aillila    Sabina
    Fín         =   Oswiu of Northumbria                                                 |
                |                                                                         |
                |                                                                         Cuthbert of Lindisfarne
                Oswiu
              = ?
                |
                |__________________________________________
                |                         |      |        |
                |                         |      |        |
                Osred I of Northumbria    Offa   Osric?   Osana?

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ all dates per The Chronology of the Irish Annals, Daniel P. McCarthy
  2. ^ T.M. Charles-Edwards, Early Christian Ireland, Appendix V
  3. ^ he is given a reign of 6 years in the Laud Synchronisms
  4. ^ Charles-Edwards, pg.494-495
  5. ^ they are given a reign of three years in the Book of Leinster and one year in the Laud Synchronisms.
  6. ^ Charles-Edwards, pg.484-487
  7. ^ Francis J.Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg.114
  8. ^ Annals of Ulster AU 572.1; Annals of Tigernach AT 571.1

References[edit]

External links[edit]