Béla Jurcsek

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Béla Jurcsek
JurcsekBela.jpeg
Minister of Agriculture of Hungary
In office
22 March 1944 – 16 October 1944
Preceded by Dániel Bánffy
Succeeded by Fidél Pálffy
Personal details
Born (1893-08-30)30 August 1893
HUN Tiszatarján COA.jpg Tiszatarján, Austria-Hungary
Died 1945
Wappen at kitzbuehel.png Kitzbühel, Allied-occupied Austria
Political party Party of National Unity, Party of Hungarian Life, Arrow Cross Party
Profession politician
The native form of this personal name is Jurcsek Béla. This article uses the Western name order.

Béla Jurcsek (30 August 1893 – 1945) was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Agriculture in 1944 and Minister of Welfare between 1944 and 1945.

He was born into a landowner family. He attended secondary school in Nagykároly and studied economy in Debrecen. Then he travelled abroad and also worked briefly in Germany. After the First World War he took part in the political life of Fejér County. From 1916 he was a member of the county's municipality and became chairman of the Alliance of Social Associations' group in Sárbogárd. He founded furthermore local organization of the Revisionist League. After that he went to abroad again (Austria, Italy, Germany). He became chairman of the Party of National Unity (NEP) in Sárbogárd. He was elected a member of the National Assembly in 1935 and 1939 as a representative of the NEP.

Ministers of the Arrow Cross Party government. Béla Jurcsek is in the fourth from left of the upper row.

In the Parliament, he gave speeches mainly in agricultural and social policy issues. He was a member of the party's committee which examined the Jewish question and of the special delegation which smoothed the differences between the House of Magnates and the House of Representatives in connection with the second Jewish law. From June 1940 to February 1941, he served as governor of the agricultural processing and marketing. Jurcsek also served as state secretary of the Ministry of Welfare between 1942 and 1944. He devised a scheme of delivery system which later was called after him as Jurcsek system. This program tried to improve the deteriorating situation because of the Second World War. The proplem had also appeared and experienced during the First World War, Jurcsek wanted to eliminating of the black market and hiding.

After the Nazi occupation of Hungary (Operation Margarethe) in the cabinet of Döme Sztójay, he was appointed Minister of Agriculture. He also held this position in the next Géza Lakatos government. After the Arrow Cross Party's coup d'état (Operation Mickey Mouse), he served as Minister of Welfare. He has set up the delivery system which served the needs of the German Army to the detriment of the Hungarian Army and population. He escaped to Austria. When the Soviet Red Army arrived at Zell am See, he committed suicide. The delivery system was also used after World War II.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Dániel Bánffy
Minister of Agriculture
1944
Succeeded by
Fidél Pálffy