Béni Ounif

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Beni Ounif
ﺑﻨﻰ و ﻧﻴﻒ
ⴰⵢⵜ ⵓⵏⵏⵉⴼ
Commune and town
Location of Béni Ounif commune within Béchar Province
Location of Béni Ounif commune within Béchar Province
Beni Ounif is located in Algeria
Beni Ounif
Beni Ounif
Location of Béni Ounif within Algeria
Coordinates: 32°03′N 1°15′W / 32.05°N 1.25°W / 32.05; -1.25Coordinates: 32°03′N 1°15′W / 32.05°N 1.25°W / 32.05; -1.25
Country  Algeria
Province Béchar Province
District Béni Ounif District
Area[1]
 • Total 16,600 km2 (6,400 sq mi)
Elevation 829 m (2,720 ft)
Population (2008)[2]
 • Total 11,209
 • Density 0.68/km2 (1.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
CP 08100

Béni Ounif is a town and commune in Béchar Province, Algeria, coextensive with the district of Béni Ounif. It has a population of 10,732 as of the 2008 census,[2] up from 8,199 in 1998,[3] and had an annual growth rate of 2.8%, the second highest in the province.[2] The commune covers an area of 16,600 square kilometres (6,400 sq mi).[1]

History[edit]

The Béni Ounif massacre took place in the commune near the Moroccan border, on 15 August 1999. Guerrillas stopped a bus at a fake roadblock and killed some 29 people. President Abdelaziz Bouteflika suggested that the terrorists in question had found shelter in Morocco,[4] but later retracted the accusation.[citation needed] The Moroccan Interior Minister Driss Basri denied the allegations.[5]

Geography[edit]

Béni Ounif lies at an elevation of 829 metres (2,720 ft) on the Oued Zouzfana[6] downstream of Figuig. To the south the landscape is mostly flat, with a few small hills, while to the north there is a range of taller, rocky hills running from west to east along the Algeria-Morocco border. Aside from the river valleys which support vegetation and agriculture, the low rainfall in the area results in an arid, barren landscape.

Climate[edit]

Béni Ounif has a hot desert climate, with very hot summers and cool winters, and light precipitation throughout the year, especially in summer, although a little more rain does fall than in other towns in Béchar Province.

Climate data for Béni Ounif
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
18.5
(65.3)
20.8
(69.4)
26.1
(79)
30.7
(87.3)
35.7
(96.3)
39.7
(103.5)
38.2
(100.8)
32.9
(91.2)
25.5
(77.9)
21
(70)
15.7
(60.3)
26.66
(80.02)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
11.4
(52.5)
14
(57)
18.5
(65.3)
23.5
(74.3)
28.2
(82.8)
31.8
(89.2)
30.9
(87.6)
25.6
(78.1)
19.5
(67.1)
14.4
(57.9)
9.4
(48.9)
19.69
(67.43)
Average low °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
4.3
(39.7)
7.3
(45.1)
11.0
(51.8)
16.4
(61.5)
20.7
(69.3)
24.0
(75.2)
23.6
(74.5)
18.3
(64.9)
13.6
(56.5)
7.8
(46)
3.2
(37.8)
12.78
(54.99)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
9
(0.35)
17
(0.67)
12
(0.47)
7
(0.28)
4
(0.16)
1
(0.04)
6
(0.24)
12
(0.47)
20
(0.79)
16
(0.63)
15
(0.59)
131
(5.16)
Source: climate-data.org[7]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main industry in Béni Ounif. The commune has a total of 2,030 hectares (5,000 acres) of arable land, of which 820 hectares (2,000 acres) is irrigated.[8] There are a total of 71,800 date palms planted in the commune.[9] As of 2009 there were 23,210 sheep, 16,664 goats, 1,766 camels, and 444 cattle.

Tourism is a part of Béni Ounif's economy; there is one hotel in the town.[10] Tourist attractions include palm groves, the old ksar and an ancient fort.[11]

Infrastructure and housing[edit]

75% of Béni Ounif's population is connected to drinking water (the lowest rate in the province),[12] 96% is connected to the sewerage system,[13] and 87% (including 2,412 buildings) have access to electricity.[14] There is one fuel service station in the town.[15]

Béni Ounif has a total of 2,576 houses, of which 1,754 are occupied, giving an occupation rate of 6.1 inhabitants per occupied building.[16]

Transportation[edit]

Béni Ounif is on the N6 highway between Mecheria to the northwest and Béchar to the southwest. While a road leads from the western side of the city to the Moroccan town of Figuig, the border has been closed since 1994.[6] Béni Ounif is 110 kilometres (68 mi) from the provincial capital, Béchar.[17] There is a total length of 263 kilometres (163 mi) of roads in the commune.[18]

Béni Ounif has a station on the Méchéria-Béchar railway line operated by the National Company for Rail Transport.

Education[edit]

There are 10 elementary schools, with 70 classrooms including 47 in use.[19] There are a total of 2,262 school students.[20]

5.8% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 20.3% has competed secondary education.[21] The overall literacy rate is 79.3%, and is 86.0% among males and 72.7% among females.[22]

Health[edit]

Béni Ounif has one polyclinic, 8-room care facilities, a maternity ward, and 2 private pharmacies.[23]

Culture[edit]

Béni Ounif has a cinema with 315 seats.[24]

Religion[edit]

Béni Ounif has 6 operational mosques, with another 3 under construction.[25]

Localities[edit]

The commune is composed of 11 localities:[26]

  • Beni Ounif (Centre)
  • Jenan Dar
  • Fendi
  • Rosta Taïba
  • Zoubia
  • Oued Namous
  • Saf Saf
  • Laouedj
  • Douis
  • Bouaiache
  • Hador

The locality Zoubia is a village, located on the N6 highway about 25 kilometres (16 mi) to the northeast, on the border with Naâma Province.[27]


Neighbouring towns and cities

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population, Area and Density per Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population: Béchar Wilaya" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "World: Africa Algeria sticks by Morocco allegation". BBC. 4 September 1999. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Current misunderstanding in Moroccan-Algerian relations is transient cloud". Arabic News. 8 September 1999. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Kohlbach, Edith (2008). Ostmarokko (in German). Reisebücher. p. 82. ISBN 3941015001. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Climate data for: Beni Ounif". climate-data.org. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Distribution of Agricultural Land" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Plant Productions" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Census of Hotels" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Tourist Sites and Monuments" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Drinking Water" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Sewerage Networks" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "Electrification" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "Fuel Distribution" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Housing" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "Presentation" (in French). Site Officiel de la Wilaya de Béchar. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Density Kilometres" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "School Infrastructure" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "Number of Pupils" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  22. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "Health Facilities by Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  24. ^ "Cinemas and Museums" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  25. ^ "Mosques and Koranic Rooms" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  26. ^ "Décret n° 84–365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1489. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  27. ^ "Zoubia, Algeria". Google Maps. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 

See also[edit]