Bío Bío Province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bío Bío Province
Provincia del Bío Bío
Province
Official seal of Bío Bío Province
Seal
Location in the Bío Bío Region
Location in the Bío Bío Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Bío Bío Province
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 37°23′S 71°52′W / 37.383°S 71.867°W / -37.383; -71.867Coordinates: 37°23′S 71°52′W / 37.383°S 71.867°W / -37.383; -71.867
Country Chile
Region Bío Bío
Capital Los Ángeles
Communes
Government
 • Type Provincial
 • Governor Esteban Krause Salazar
Area[1]
 • Total 14,987.9 km2 (5,786.9 sq mi)
Population (2012 Census)[1]
 • Total 373,981
 • Density 25/km2 (65/sq mi)
 • Urban 245,775
 • Rural 107,540
Sex[1]
 • Men 176,960
 • Women 176,355
Time zone CLT[2] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST[3] (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 56 + 43
Website Government of Bío Bío

Bío Bío Province (Spanish: Provincia de Bío Bío) is one of four provinces of the Chilean region of Bío Bío (VIII). Its capital is Los Ángeles (2002 pop. 94,716). It is bounded on the north, west and south by the provinces of Concepción, Arauco and Malleco, respectively, and on the east by Argentina. It has an area of 14,987.9 km2 (5,787 sq mi) of well-wooded and mountainous country, and exports timber to a large extent.[4] The population is 373,981 according to the census of 2012.

The great trunk railway from Santiago south to Puerto Montt crosses the western part of the province and also connects it with the port of Concepción. Los Ángeles lies 25 km (16 mi) east of this railway and is connected with it by a branch line.[4]

History[edit]

The Province of Bio-Bío was created on October 13, 1875, as part of the Province of Araucan. In 1887, President José Manuel Balmaceda set aside the Province of Malleco. The province was then named for the Bio-Bio River which flows through it. The Province of Bío Bío was divided, into three departments:

Department Capital
La Laja Los Ángeles
Mulchén Mulchén
Nacimiento Nacimiento

As part of the process of regionalization in the 1970s, the Region of Bío Bío was created. By Decree #1,213 of 27 of November 4, 1975, the VIII Region comprises the provinces of Bío Bío, Arauco, Concepción and Ñuble.

Administration[edit]

As a province, Bío Bío is a second-level administrative division of Chile, governed by a provincial governor who is appointed by the president.

Communes[edit]

The province is composed of 14 communes, each governed by a municipality consisting of an elected alcalde and municipal council.

Geography and demography[edit]

According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute (INE), the province spans an area of 14,987.9 km2 (5,787 sq mi)[1] and had a population of 353,315 inhabitants (176,960 men and 176,355 women), giving it a population density of 23.6 /km2 (61 /sq mi). It is the tenth most populated province in the country. Of these, 245,775 (69.6%) lived in urban areas and 107,540 (30.4%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 9.1% (29,405 persons).[1]

Bío Bío Valley wine region[edit]

The Bío Bío Valley wine region is located in the province and region of the same name. One of Chile’s southern wine regions, it has become known for its crisp, aromatic wines.[5] The region is located at a latitude of 36°S, similar to southern Spain and Monterrey in California. The majority of its vineyards lie between 50 and 200m (150 ft and 600 ft) above sea level with a moderate Mediterranean climate. It receives 1,275 mm (50.2 in) of rain per year, among the highest of all Chilean wine valleys, although winds prevent excessive humidity - a phenomenon that can also be observed in northern France. For most of 20th century, the main varieties grown in the Bío Bío valley were Moscatel de Alejandria and Pais (known as Missiones in USA), but today, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc are also grown throughout the valley.

Grape distribution by varietal[edit]

  • Climate: Moderate Mediterranean climate. 1,275 mm (50.2 in) of rain per year. Average rainfall is among highest seen in any Chilean wine valley, although winds prevent humidity.
  • Soils: Alluvial soils, clay and sand.
  • Primary wines: Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc.


Cabernet Sauvignon: 145 ha (359 acres) Pinot Noir: 158 ha (390 acres) Moscatel de Alexandria: 142 ha (351 acres) Pais (Mission): 1,148 ha (2837 acres)

Total hectares planted: 446 ha (1102 acres)[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e (Spanish) "Territorial division of Chile" (PDF). National Statistics Institute. 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  3. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  4. ^ a b Public Domain One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bio-Bio". Encyclopædia Britannica 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 952. 
  5. ^ Bio Bio Valley Wine http://www.wine-searcher.com/ Published by Wine-Searcher.com | Last updated 21-Aug-2013 by Wine-Searcher Staff retrieved November 5, 2013
  6. ^ See Bío-Bío Valley Chart www.winesofchile.org all right reserved, retrieved September 23, 2013/