Böhlen

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For Böhlen in Thuringia, see Böhlen, Thuringia.
Böhlen
Coat of arms of Böhlen
Coat of arms
Böhlen is located in Germany
Böhlen
Böhlen
Coordinates: 51°12′9″N 12°23′9″E / 51.20250°N 12.38583°E / 51.20250; 12.38583Coordinates: 51°12′9″N 12°23′9″E / 51.20250°N 12.38583°E / 51.20250; 12.38583
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Leipzig
Subdivisions 2
Government
 • Mayor Maria Gangloff (Left)
Area
 • Total 24.48 km2 (9.45 sq mi)
Elevation 126 m (413 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,676
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04564
Dialling codes 034206
Vehicle registration L
Website www.stadt-boehlen.de

Böhlen (German pronunciation: [ˈbøːlən]) is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, south of Leipzig. Its main features are a small airport and a power-plant. It is located in the newly built Neuseenland, the lakes created in the former open-pit mining areas.

History[edit]

The first documented mention of Böhlen dates to 1353. The character of the place was rural for a long time. Only from the 1920s did the then village develop into an industrial area, mainly due to the lignite found in the area. The first lignite mine in the area was opened in 1924.

Towards the end of World War II a subcamp of Buchenwald concentration camp was established, where 800 prisoners worked as forced labor in a Braunkohle-Benzin AG ("Brabag") plant.

References[edit]