Błażowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Błażowa
Market square
Market square
Coat of arms of Błażowa
Coat of arms
Błażowa is located in Poland
Błażowa
Błażowa
Coordinates: 49°54′N 22°6′E / 49.900°N 22.100°E / 49.900; 22.100
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo podkarpackie flag.svg Subcarpathian
County Rzeszów
Gmina Błażowa
Established 1435
Town rights 1770
Government
 • Mayor Zygmunt Kustra
Area
 • Total 4.23 km2 (1.63 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 2,121
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 36-030
Area code(s) +48 17
Car plates RZE
Website http://www.blazowa.itl.pl

Błażowa [bwaˈʐɔva] (Yiddish: בלאזשאוו) is a town in Rzeszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland, with a population of 2,121 inhabitants (02.06.2009).[1]

History[edit]

The area of the gmina of Błażowa in the past was located along the border of Red Ruthenia and Lesser Poland. In the early 14th century, it was part of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia. In 1340 Błażowa was annexed by Polish King Kazimierz Wielki, who created the Sanok Land (1366) and Przemyśl Land, and established several towns in the area (Rzeszów 1354, Brzozow 1359, Tyczyn 1368).

Błażowa remained a village located in Sanok Land. In 1624 the whole area was raided by the Crimean Tatars and another devastating Tatar raid took place in 1672. In 1655 - 56, during the Swedish invasion of Poland, Błażowa was burned down by Swedish and then Transilvanian-Cossack soldiers. Further destruction was brought by the Great Northern War. It is not known when exactly Błażowa received town charter, probably some time between 1770 and 1776.

In 1772, after the first partition of Poland, the whole Sanok Land was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, and became part of Austrian Galicia in which it remained until late 1918. In May 1907, almost the whole town was burned in a great fire, after which Błażowa was rebuilt in a modern style. In 1909, Błażowa received regular bus connection with Rzeszów, and in 1910, a monument of King Wladyslaw Jagiello was unveiled, on the 400th anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald.

In the Second Polish Republic (1918 - 1939), Błażowa belonged to Lwow Voivodeship, and was one of centers of the 1937 peasant strike in Poland. During World War Two, the Home Army was active in the area of Błażowa.

Jews in Błażowa[edit]

Two young Jewish boys circa 1930 from Błażowa (Bluzhov) dressed in their best clothes (perhaps for a wedding or the Sabbath). Unknown photographer. Subjects unknown almost certainly perished in the Holocaust.

On 26 June 1941 the Jews of Błażowa, numbering about 930, were forcibly moved to the Rzeszów Ghetto. They joined Jews from nearby villages and shared their fate. Some were shot on the streets of Rzeszów, others deported to forced-labour camps or shot in Glogów Forest or transported Belzec extermination camp (between 7 to 18 July 1942) where they were gassed on arrival.[2]

Hasidic dynasty:

  • Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech Spira of Bluzhov (Błażowa) (1841–1924), the famed Bluzhover Rebbe who was also called the Tzvi Latzaddik.
  • His disciple and grandson was Rabbi Yisroel Spira, the Bluzhever Rebbe of America.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division". © 1995-2009 Central Statistical Office 00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 208. 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Kolbuszowa Region Research Group.". 

Coordinates: 49°53′N 22°06′E / 49.883°N 22.100°E / 49.883; 22.100