B-flat minor

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B minor
Relative key D major
enharmonic: C major
Parallel key B major
Dominant key F major / F minor
Subdominant E minor
Enharmonic A minor
Component pitches
B, C, D, E, F, G, A, B
B-flat natural minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
B-flat harmonic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
B-flat melodic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 

B minor or B-flat minor is a minor scale based on B-flat, consisting of the pitches B, C, D, E, F, G, and A. Its key signature has five flats. The harmonic minor scale would use an A instead of A.

Its relative major is D-flat major, and its parallel major is B-flat major. Its enharmonic equivalent is A-sharp minor.

B-flat minor is traditionally a 'dark' key."[1] Important oboe solos in this key in the orchestral literature include the second movement of Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 4, which depicts "the feeling that you get when you are all alone", in Tchaikovsky's words. Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 is also in B-flat minor. An Alpine Symphony by Richard Strauss begins and ends in B-flat minor.

The old valveless horn was barely capable of playing in B-flat minor; the only example found in 18th century music is a modulation that occurs in the first minuet of Franz Krommer's Concertino in D major, Op. 80.[2]

In classical music[edit]

In non classical music[edit]

"Perfect Day" by Lou Reed. The verses are written in B-flat minor.[8]

"Say Say Say" by Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson is written in B-flat minor.[9]

"Sunday Bloody Sunday" by U2 is in B-flat minor.[10]

"Part-Time Lover" by Stevie Wonder is in B-flat minor.[11]

All eight songs on The Raveonettes' Whip It On album are in the key of B-flat minor. Sune Rose Wagner said it was "Because Shostakovich's Symphony No. 13 was in B-flat minor."[12]

"Little Talks" by Indie band Of Monsters and Men is in the key of B-flat minor.[13]

"Lose Yourself to Dance" by Daft Punk is in the key of B-flat minor. [14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilfred Mellers, "Round and About in Górecki's Symphony No. 3" Tempo 168 3 (1989): 23
  2. ^ J. Murray Barbour, Trumpets, Horns, and Music (1964), p. 163
  3. ^ "First edition score of Piano Sonata No. 2, Op. 35". Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  4. ^ "Sheet music for Nocturne No. 1, Op. 9". Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  5. ^ "Sheet music for Scherzo No. 2, Op. 31". Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  6. ^ "First edition score of Piano Sonata No. 1, Op. 36". Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  7. ^ "First edition score of Piano Concerto No. 1, Op. 23". Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  8. ^ "Perfect Day" sheetmusic
  9. ^ "Say Say Say" sheetmusic
  10. ^ "Sunday Bloody Sunday" sheetmusic
  11. ^ "Part-Time Lover" sheetmusic
  12. ^ "10 Questions with Sune Rose Wagner". Retrieved 2008-02-07. [dead link]
  13. ^ "Little Talks" sheetmusic
  14. ^ "Lose Yourself to Dance" at audiokeychain.com