B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences
|B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences|
|वी. पी. कोइराला स्वास्थ्य विज्ञान प्रतिष्ठान|
|Endowment||450,00,00,000 Rs.(100 million USD)|
|Vice Chancellor||Dr. B.P Das|
|Undergraduates||110 per year (MBBS)|
B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS) (Nepali: वी. पी. कोइराला स्वास्थ्य विज्ञान प्रतिष्ठान), is a medical institution in Nepal. It was established in 1993 in Dharan, a city located in Sunsari district in eastern Nepal.
B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, established in 1993 and upgraded to a university in 1998, is an autonomous health sciences university. Its goal is to meet the health needs of the eastern region of Nepal at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. BPKIHS is a self-governing body.
BPKIHS took over the management of the 150-bedded former Eastern Regional Hospital in 1993. With the new hospital complex, the university raised the strength of beds to 700 with added facilities like CCU, ICU, VVIP Critical Care area and Observational beds. MRI, CT-scan, emergency laboratory, C-arm and mobile x-ray facilities, sterilization section, and operation theaters with recovery room facilities are available in the Hospital.
Postgraduate programs (MD/MS and M. Sc.) were started in 1999. All the MD/MS, M. Sc. and MPH degree are recognized by councils of Nepal and most MD/MS degrees (Anesthesiology, Dermatovenerology, Orthopedics, Pediatrics, Surgery, Radiology, Psychiatry, Ortorhinolaryngology, Medicine, Pharmacology) are recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI) as well.
While selecting candidates for MD/MS postgraduate studies, the institute has given recognition to those Nepalese medical graduates who have served the primary health centers and/or district hospitals under the government health system. Ph.D. in Basic Science (Biochemistry and Physiology) and Tropical & Infectious Disease started in 2011.
The School of Public Health was established in 2005 and runs a two-year MPH program. The M.Sc. mursing program in Community and Psychiatry Nursing started in 2008, M.Sc. in Maternal & Child Health started in 2011.
The MBBS program of BPKIHS started in 1994, is recognized by Medical Council of Nepal, India and Sri-Lanka. It is listed in the World Directory of Medical Schools published by the WHO.
The institute started a BDS program in 1999, which is recognized by the Nepal Medical Council. It is the only government recognized BDS program of Nepal. The duration of the BDS and MBBS Program is 4½ years followed by a year of Compulsory Community Oriented Residential Rotating Internship, which is mandatory and to be completed successfully at BPKIHS and its Teaching District Hospitals. An MDS Program started in 2011 in Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Periodontology & Oral Implantology, Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry and Prosthodontics. MDS program was started in Orthodontics in 2012 but was discontinued a year later.
B.Sc. Nursing and University Certificate Nursing Programs were started in 1996 and 1999 respectively. All the nursing degrees are recognized by the Nepal Nursing Council. There are separate college complexes for both BDS and Nursing programs in the BPKIHS campus.
B.Sc. Medical Imaging Technology (MIT) started in 2001 and B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) in 2005, certificate in OT and AS in 2000. The number of students programme-wise is MD/MS 155, M.Sc. (Basic Sciences) 19, MBBS 264, BDS 160, B.Sc. Nursing 54, B. Sc. MIT 18, Certificate Nursing 120, OT & AS 17, B.Sc MLT 30, MBBS Interns 57 and BDS Interns 35.
The institute has launched the concept of a ‘Teaching District’. Presently Sunsari, Morang Dhankuta, Saptari, Jhapa and Ilam districts are included, but gradually all the districts of the entire eastern region of Nepal (16 districts) will be included in teaching districts.
The Technical Hospital
On July 16, 1993, HMG handed over the 150 bedded Eastern Regional Hospital to BPKIHS. The institute raised the strength of beds to 210 with added facilities like CCU, ICU and observation beds. With the new hospital complex the bed strength is raised to 646.
A screening or General Out Patient Department (GOPD) has been provided which forms the initial entry point. It contains the facilities needed as the first point of contact - general medical officers attend to the patients and take care of diagnosis and treatment, dressing and plaster service, help from health educators and social workers and pharmacy. The cases requiring further attention are along sent to sections of OPD, where consultants are available. Clinics (Pain clinic, diabetics, cardiac) and pay clinics function in the afternoon. OPD services are provided from 8:00AM to 1:00PM and 2:00Pm to 5:00PM.
One wing of this block on the ground floor accommodates the Department of Radiology and provides imaging services containing X-ray machines, ultrasound, fluoroscopic devices, CT scan etc. The other wing has a blood bank and transfusion centre, hospital laboratory services for biochemistry, microbiology, pathology, haematology, immunology, cytogenetics and a series of other laboratories for investigations like Cardiognosis and neurodiagnosis. Polysomnography and life style labs along with section for electronic maintenance workshop is also provided.
Also available are diagnostic services such as Endoscopy and sigmoidoscopy, and automatic blood gas and electrolyte analyser systems, haemodialysis, tread mill test, colour doppler echocardiography, non-invasive cardiac and nervous system investigative techniques e.g. EPS, fundus fluorescent angiography, ultrasonography, and audiometry.
On the first floor of this block are provided ICU/ICCU & VVIP critical care area, facilities for day care surgery in the left wing, and a suit of operating theatres for surgery (eight OTs very rooms, emergency laboratory, C-arm and mobile x-ray facilities, sterilization section); and a suite of changing rooms for doctors, nurse, technicians, students, in the right wing of the block.
Next to the OT block are the three-story interconnected two-wing blocks of indoor wards (12 wards) so constructed that the nursing station has a view of the wards in that block. Provision has been made for intermediate critical care (central medical gas pipeline and vital sign monitoring system) in some wards on each floor and also facilities for examination and treatment in each nursing station. Each ward has about 34 beds. A set of 42 private rooms - deluxe, single, double bed, have also been provided in a separate three-story wing, and arrangement for critical care management available in two rooms in each floor.
Presently, the hospital is providing the services of a general hospital which include:
- Anatomy (Cytogenetics),
- Dermatology and STD,
- Forensic Medicine,
- Gynaecology & Obstetrics,
- Pharmacology (drug monitoring),
- Physiology (EEG, PFT),
- Radio Diagnosis,
- Tuberculosis and
- Infections and Tropical Diseases.
An Emergency section has been provided in the hospital complex. Equipment has been provided for triage, examination and resuscitation. Provision for dressing, plaster, x-ray and emergency lab facilities are available. A separate set of 2-Emergency OTs with recovery fitted with ventilators and vital sign monitoring system, space for doctors/nurses on duty, a 10-bed ward for critical care with bed-head panels and telemetric vital sign monitoring and ventilating system has also been provided.
A separate hospital under the College of Dental Surgery has 25 dental chairs. The hospital is managing OPD (Oral Diagnosis, Oral Surgery, Periodonitcs, Endodontics, Pedodontics, Prosthodontics, and Orthodontics), and Emergency services. The Dental Hospital has 10 beds for inpatients. A new college block has been planned and the work has started, funded by the government of India.
The MBBS Programme is recognized by the Medical Council of India and Sri Lanka, in addition to the recognition by the Nepal Medical Council. The world Health Organization has listed the institute in the World Directory of Medical Schools, Similarly, the Nepal Nursing council has recognized the B.Sc. Nursing Program. The institute is being processed for recognition of MD/MS and BDS programmes from the Medical Council of India and Dental Council of India respectively.
Notable people who worked in the institute
- Mr.Nanda Kumar Thapa, Registrar
- Dr K N Sharma- Project consultant.
- Dr O P Kalra- Principal University College of Medical Sciences.
- Dr R K Bijlani- former Professor of Physiology at AIIMS.
- Dr T D Dogra- former Director AIIMS and a forensic medicine expert.
- Dr B K Kapoor- Professor of Physiology and Project consultant.