BAE Systems Inc.
|Industry||Aerospace and defence|
|Founded||November 30, 1999|
|Headquarters||Arlington, Virginia, United States|
|Key people||Linda Hudson (President & CEO)|
|Products||Civil and military aerospace, naval vessels, munitions, land warfare systems, others|
|Subsidiaries||BAE Systems EI&S
BAE Systems Land and Armaments
BAE Systems Inc. (formerly BAE Systems North America) is a major subsidiary of the British defence and aerospace company BAE Systems plc. As per its Special Security Agreement, BAE Systems Inc. operates as a semi-autonomous business unit within BAE Systems controlled at a local level by American management.
BAE has described the rationale for expansion in the US; "[it] is by far the largest defence market with spend running close to twice that of the Western European nations combined. Importantly, US investment in research and development is significantly higher than in Western Europe." The company's 2004 strategy review confirmed a "strategic bias" for expansion and investment in the US. In 2007 BAE Systems Inc. had sales of £7,454 million and EBITA of £741 million. These represent 46% and 45% respectively of BAE Systems' group results.
The company was created on November 30, 1999. On this date Marconi Electronic Systems (MES) and British Aerospace (BAe) merged to form BAE Systems. Their respective subsidiaries in the USA, Marconi North America and British Aerospace North America, were similarly merged to form BAE Systems North America.
In the company's 2003 Annual Report the Chairman sums up BAE Systems' strategy since the merger; "In recent years BAE Systems has undergone a radical transformation from a UK-based aircraft manufacturer to a broadly-based systems business. Through this transformation the company has achieved a more balanced portfolio and geographic spread."
BAE Systems North America was renamed BAE Systems Inc. in 2005 following a major reorganisation of BAE Systems plc as a result of the Eurosystems (SELEX Sistemi Integrati) and UDI transactions.
BAE has described the rationale for expansion in the US; "[it] is by far the largest defence market with spend running close to twice that of the Western European nations combined. Importantly, US investment in research and development is significantly higher than in Western Europe." When Dick Olver was appointed Chairman in July 2004 he ordered a review of the company's businesses which ruled out further European acquisitions or joint ventures and confirmed a "strategic bias" for expansion and investment in the US.
In 1999 the most significant part of the newly created BAE Systems North America was Tracor, which was acquired by Marconi North America in 1998. Since 1999 almost all of BAE Systems' growth has been concentrated in the US. BAE Systems North America has grown to the point where its sales to the (American) Department of Defense have surpassed those of its parent to the (British) Ministry of Defence. BAE Systems is now by far the largest foreign investor in the US defence industry. With the political and military ties that exist between the US and the UK, BAE Systems has faced little opposition to acquisitions of important US defence contractors. In April 2000 BAE purchased Lockheed Martin Control Systems (LMCS), a manufacturer of electronic controls for aircraft, space vehicles and the transportation industry for $510 million USD. LMCS was renamed BAE Systems Platform Solutions. In November 2000 BAE Systems purchased Lockheed Martin Aerospace Electronic Systems, a defence systems company which encompassed Sanders, Fairchild Systems and Lockheed Martin Space Electronics & Communications. Following an internal reorganisation the division became BAE Systems Electronics & Integrated Solutions (E&IS). This acquisition was described by John Hamre, CEO of the Center for Strategic and International Studies and former Deputy Secretary of Defense, as "precedent setting" given the advanced and classified nature of many of that company's products.
In 2003 BAE Systems acquired Advanced Power Technologies, Inc (APTI), a data exploitation company and provider of communications and networking solutions, for $27 million. APTI was merged into E&IS. In March 2003 BAE Systems acquired MEVATEC, a provider of "professional technical services", which was renamed BAE Systems Analytical & Ordnance Solutions.
In 2004 BAE Systems purchased STI Government Systems,a provider of "photonics, information technologies, system integration ...and a variety of services to other government agencies in areas such as pollution mapping and search and rescue." STI is now part of the CNIR division of BAE Systems E&IS. In August 2004 BAE Systems acquired Boeing Commercial Electronics (now part of the Platform Solutions unit of BAE Systems E&IS). In September 2004 BAE announced the acquisition of the technology company DigitalNet Holdings Inc. The deal was completed on October 25, 2004 for approximately $600 million and the company was merged into the newly created BAE Systems Information Technology. Also in September 2004 BAE announced it was to acquire ALPHATECH, a Massachusetts-based image and signal processing company. ALPHATECH was renamed BAE Systems Advanced Information Technologies.
On March 7, 2005 BAE announced the acquisition of United Defense Industries a major manufacturer of combat vehicles, artillery and naval guns. The acquisition received regulatory approval from the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States on April 18, 2005 and was completed on June 24. United Defense was merged into the newly created BAE Systems Land and Armaments operating group.
BAE Systems announced the purchase of Armor Holdings, a Florida-based manufacturer of military, law enforcement and personnel safety equipment on May 7, 2007. Following regulatory and shareholder approval, the acquisition was completed on July 31, 2007 for approximately $4.532 billion. BAE has received large contracts as a result of the UDI and Armor Holdings acquisitions; for example $1.1bn worth of refurbishment and upgrading work, an order in January 2008 for medium mine-protected vehicles (MMPVs) which could earn up to $2.3bn, and a $2.24bn contract for mine-resistant ambush-protected (MRAP) vehicles in December 2007.
On December 12, 2007, BAE announced the acquisition of Dayton, Ohio-based MTC Technologies. The purchase was finalised in June 2008.
The company's Electronics, Intelligence & Support business group provides communication, electronic identification, navigation and guidance systems, network-centric warfare solutions and support services. Such products include the Electronic warfare systems for the F-22 Raptor and F-35 Lightning II fighters, missile defence systems, countermeasures for both military and commercial aircraft and the HybriDrive propulsion system.
BAE Systems Land & Armaments manufactures armoured combat vehicles, tactical wheeled vehicles, naval guns, missile launchers, artillery systems and munitions as well as providing support and upgrade of its products.
BAE Systems Inc, which was formerly composed of the BAE Systems Land and Armaments and BAE Systems Electronics, Intelligence & Support groups, was reorganized in mid-2010. The new structure is composed of two sectors and four business units. The Products Sector is made up of the Electronic Systems and Land & Armaments units, while the Service Sector is composed of the Intelligence & Security and Support Solutions units.
|Yr ending||Turnover (£ million)||% of group turnover||EBITA (£m)||% of group EBITA|
Linda Hudson was appointed Chief Operating Officer, BAE Systems plc, and President and CEO of BAE Systems Inc. on October 26, 2009.
As per its Special Security Arrangement, BAE Systems Inc. operates as a semi-autonomous business unit within BAE Systems controlled at a local level by American management. In May 2006 the CEO of BAE Systems described the "firewalled" status of BAE Systems Inc: " The British members of the corporate leadership, me included, get to see the financial results; but many areas of technology, product and programme are not visible to us.... The SSA effectively allows us to operate in the US as an American company, providing the highest levels of assurance and integrity in some of the most sensitive fields of national security provision."
Members of the board of directors of BAE Systems North America as of August 21, 2011 are: Michael Chertoff, Bob Fitch, Admiral Robert Natter, Lee Hamilton, Gen JH Binford Peay, Richard Kerr, Dr. William Schneider Jr., Gen Kenneth Minihan, and Gen Anthony Zinni.
- "Annual Report 2007" (PDF). BAE Systems plc. March 28, 2008. Archived from the original on May 28, 2008. Retrieved April 19, 2008.
- "BAE Systems 2000 Annual Report" (PDF). BAE Systems. p. 6. Retrieved October 5, 2007.
- Spiegel, Peter (December 7, 2004). "Oil or missiles, the constant is power". Financial Times.
- Schneider, Greg (November 7, 2000). "Arms Across the Atlantic; A Yank Leads the Former British Aerospace To the Top Tier of U.S. Defense Contractors". The Washington Post.
- "BAE Systems North America completes $58.5 million acquisition of Condor Pacific Industries" (Press release). BAE Systems North America. December 6, 2002. Retrieved August 17, 2006.
- "BAE Systems to purchase STI Government Systems" (Press release). BAE Systems North America. April 5, 2004. Retrieved August 17, 2006.
- "BAE Systems completes acquisition of DigitalNet; Creates new business area" (pdf) (Press release). BAE Systems. October 25, 2004. Archived from the original on May 28, 2008. Retrieved April 19, 2008.
- "In Brief". Washington Post. September 29, 2004.
- Sparshott, Jeffrey (March 8, 2005). "BAE Systems to acquire United Defense". The Washington Times.
- "United Defense Receives CFIUS Approval for Proposed Acquisition by BAE Systems" (Press release). United Defense. April 18, 2005. Archived from the original on May 3, 2008. Retrieved April 19, 2008.
- Jameson, Angela (June 25, 2005). "BAE completes United Defense purchase". The Times (Times Newspapers).
- "BAE Systems completes acquisition of Armor Holdings Inc." (Press release). BAE Systems. July 31, 2007. Archived from the original on May 3, 2008. Retrieved April 19, 2008.
- Milner, Mark (January 10, 2008). "Financial: Booby-trap buster gives BAE $2bn boost". The Guardian (Guardian Newspapers).
- Hubler, David. "Technology: BAE Acquires MTC Technologies".
- "BAE Systems Annual Report 2007". BAE Systems plc. March 28, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2010.
- "BAE Systems Preliminary Results 2009". BAE Systems plc. February 18, 2010. Archived from the original on March 31, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2010.
- "BAE Systems Annual Report 2008". BAE Systems plc. March 30, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2010.
- "BAE Systems Annual Report 2006". BAE Systems plc. April 3, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2010.
- "BAE Systems Annual Report 2005". BAE Systems plc. March 30, 2006. Retrieved February 23, 2010.
- Turner, Mike (May 10, 2006). Speech by Mike Turner to the Washington Economic Club (Speech). Washington, D.C. Retrieved January 1, 2007.