Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League (BAKSAL)

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Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League
Founded June 1975
Dissolved August 1975
Merger of Awami League and the Krishak Sramik Party
Headquarters Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ideology Bengali nationalism,
Socialism
Politics of Bangladesh
Political parties
Elections

The Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League (BAKSAL) (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ কৃষক শ্রমিক আওয়ামী লীগ Bangladesh Krishôk Sromik Aoami Lig) was a political amalgamation of the Awami League with the Krishak Sramik Party that supported President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in governing Bangladesh. It was established in June 1975; other political parties were outlawed at the time.[1] BAKSAL dissolved after Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's assassination on August 15, 1975, and the KSP and League once again became independent political parties. The party advocated state socialism. BAKSAL was dissolved and the part of the 5th amendment to the Bangladeshi constitution that made the party the sole legal party was scrapped after Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was killed.

History[edit]

BAKSAL was the only legally recognized party of Bangladesh founded on 7 June 1975 following the Fourth Amendment to the constitution of Bangladesh. Under the Amendment (Article 117A), Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was entrusted with the responsibility of forming a new national party which would try, on the one hand, to tackle the social, political and economic destabilization consequent upon the war of liberation, and on the other, reconstruct the nation from the debris of the war. Thus Sheikh Mujib formed a national party which was named Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League. The rules of BAKSAL required all other political parties, any political dissent and associations be made illegal and make Bangladesh essentially a one-party-rule similar to communist countries. Elaborating on the various aspects, scopes and prospects of BAKSAL, Sheikh Mujib characterized it as a 'second revolution'. In seeking national unity, the Fourth Amendment provided that no person could continue to remain a member of parliament unless he joined the national party before a time fixed by the President. BAKSAL, the new national party, was scheduled to replace officially the nation's other political organizations, whether those political parties agreed or not, and associations on 1 September 1975. Many restrictive regulations coming from the BAKSAL included the promulgation of the Newspaper Ordinance (June 1975;Annulment of Declaration) under which the declarations of all but four state owned newspapers were annulled. The Fourth Amendment was a direct attack on the press freedom which allowed only four newspapers (Dainik Bangla, Bangladesh Observer, Ittefaq & Bangladesh Times - these four newspapers were, in fact, owned and managed by the State) to continue their publication and banned the rest of the press and newspaper industries. It brought the whole news media completely under the absolute control of the government. Organizationally, President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the BAKSAL chairman, appointed for the national party a fifteen-member executive committee, a 115-member central committee, and five front organisations, namely, Jatiya Krishak League, Jatiya Sramik League, Jatiya Mahila League, Jatiya Juba League and Jatiya Chhatra League. All members of the executive committee and central committee were to enjoy the status of ministers. BAKSAL was also designed to overhaul the administrative system of the country in order to make it people-oriented.

The Executive Committee[edit]

  1. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  2. Sayed Nazrul Islam
  3. Mansoor Ali
  4. Abdul Hasnat Mohammad Kamruzzaman
  5. Abdul Malek Ukil
  6. Prof. Yusuf Ali
  7. Manaranjan Dhar
  8. Mohiuddin Ahmed
  9. Gazi Golam Mustafa
  10. Zillur Rahman
  11. Sheikh Fazlul Haq Moni
  12. Abdur Razzak
  13. Farshad
  14. Mukit

List of the Central Committee[edit]

  1. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  2. Sayed Nazrul Islam
  3. Mansoor Ali
  4. Abdul Malik Ukil
  5. Khandakar Mushtaq Ahmad
  6. A.H.M Kamaruzzaman
  7. Mahmudullah
  8. Abdus Samad Azad
  9. Yusuf Ali
  10. Fani Bhushan Majumder
  11. Dr. Kamal Hussain
  12. Sohrab Hussain
  13. Abdul Mannan
  14. Abdur Rab Shernyabat
  15. Manaranjan Dhar
  16. Abdul Matin
  17. Asaduzzanan
  18. Korban Ali
  19. Dr. Azizul Rahman Mallik
  20. Dr. Mozzaffar Ahmad Choudhury
  21. Tofayel Ahmad
  22. Shah Moazzam Hossain
  23. Abdul Momen Talukder
  24. Dewan Farid Ganj
  25. Professor Nurul Islam Choudhry,
  26. Taher uddin Thakur,
  27. Moslemuddin Khan,
  28. MD Nurul Islam Manju
  29. AKM Obaidur Rahman
  30. Dr. Khitish Chandra Mandal,
  31. Reazuddin Ahmad,
  32. M. Baitullah,
  33. Rahul Quddus(Secretary),
  34. Zillur Rahman,
  35. Mohiuddin Ahmad MP,
  36. Sheikh Fazlul Haq Moin,
  37. Abdur Razzaq,
  38. Sheikh Shahidul Islam,
  39. Anwar Choudhry,
  40. Sajeda Choudhry,
  41. Taslema Abed,
  42. Abdur Rahim,
  43. Abdul Awal,
  44. Lutfur Rahman,
  45. A.K. Muzibur Rahman,
  46. Dr. Mofiz Choudhry,
  47. Dr. Allauddin,
  48. Dr. Ahsanul Haq,
  49. Raushan Ali,
  50. Azizur Rahman Akkas,
  51. Sheikh Abdul Aziz,
  52. Salahuddin Yusuf,
  53. Michale Shushil Adhikari,
  54. Kazi Abdul Hakim,
  55. Mollah Jalaluddin,
  56. Shamsuddin Mollah,
  57. Gaur Chandra Bala,
  58. Gazi Ghulam Mustafa,
  59. Shamsul Haq,
  60. Shamsuzzoha,
  61. Rafiqueuddin Bhuiya,
  62. Syed Ahmad,
  63. Shamsur Rahman Khan,
  64. Nurul Haq,
  65. Kazi Zahurul Qayyum,
  66. Capt.(Retd) Sujjat Ali,
  67. M.R. Siddiqui,
  68. MA Wahab,
  69. Chittaranjan Sutar,
  70. Sayeda Razia Banu
  71. Ataur Rahman Khan
  72. Khandakar Muhammad Illyas
  73. Mong Pru Saire
  74. Professor Muzzafar Ahmad
  75. Ataur Rahman
  76. Pir Habibur Rahman
  77. Sayeed Altaf Hussain
  78. Muhammad Farhad
  79. Motia Choudhury
  80. Hazi Danesh
  81. Taufiq Inam(Secretary)
  82. Nurul Islam(Secretary)
  83. Fayezuddin Ahmed (Secretary)
  84. Mahbubur Rahman(Secretary)
  85. Abdul Khaleque
  86. muzibul Haq (Secretary)
  87. Abdur Rahim(Secretary)
  88. Moinul Islam (Secretary)
  89. Sayeeduzzaman(Secretary)
  90. Anisuzzaman(Secretary)
  91. Dr. A Sattar (Secretary)
  92. M.A Samad(Secretary)
  93. Abu Tahir (Secretary)
  94. Al Hossaini (Secretary)
  95. Dr Tajul Hossain(Secretary)
  96. Motiur Rahman. Chairman. TCB
  97. Maj. Gen K.M. Safiullah
  98. Air Vice Marshal Khandakar
  99. Commodore M.H. Khan
  100. Maj Gen. Khalilur Rahman
  101. A.K. Naziruddin
  102. Dr. Abdul Matin Choudhury
  103. Dr. Mazharul Islam
  104. Dr. Sramul Haq
  105. ATM Syed Hossain
  106. Nurul Islam
  107. Dr. Nilima Ibrahim
  108. Dr. Nurul Islam PG Hospital
  109. Obaidul Haq Eiditor Observer
  110. Anwar Hossain Manju Editor Ittefaq
  111. Mizanur Rahman BPI
  112. Manawarul Islam
  113. Brig. A.M.S. Nuruzzaman DG Jatiyo Rakki Bahini
  114. Kamruzzaman teachers Association
  115. Dr. Mazhar Ali Kadri

References[edit]

  1. ^ Islam, Syed Serajul (May 1984), "The State in Bangladesh under Zia (1975–81)", Asian Survey 24 (5): 556–573, doi:10.1525/as.1984.24.5.01p0162r, JSTOR 2644413 

See also[edit]