British Aerospace Jetstream 41
|Eastern Airways BAe Jetstream 41|
|First flight||25 September 1991|
|Introduction||25 November 1992|
|Primary users||Eastern Airways
South African Airlink
|Developed from||British Aerospace Jetstream 31|
The British Aerospace Jetstream 41 is a turboprop-powered feederliner and regional airliner, designed by British Aerospace as a "stretched" version of the popular Jetstream 31. Intended to compete directly with 30-seat aircraft like the Embraer Brasilia, Dornier 328 and Saab 340, the new design eventually accommodated 29 passengers in a two-by-one arrangement like the Jetstream 31. Eastern Airways is the biggest operator of Jetstream 41s in the world, with 23 in the fleet.
Design and development
The Jetstream 41's stretch added 16 feet (4.88 m) to the fuselage, consisting of an 8 foot 3 in (2.51 m) plug forward of the wing and a 7 feet 9 inches (2.36 m) plug to the rear; the fuselage design was all new and did not contain any parts of the old fuselage. The new design demanded a wing with increased span, which also included reworked ailerons and flaps. The wing is also mounted below the fuselage, so that it did not carry through the cabin aisle, also allowing increased baggage capacity in the larger wing root fairings.
The Allied Signal TPE331−14 engines deliver 1,500 shp (1,120 kW), (later 1,650 shp (1,232 kW)), and are mounted in nacelles with increased ground clearance. The flightdeck is improved with a modern EFIS setup, and a new windscreen arrangement. The J41 was the first turbo-prop certified to both JAR25 and FAR25 standards.
The J41 flew for the first time on 25 September 1991 and was certified on 23 November 1992 in Europe, and 9 April 1993 in the United States, with the first delivery, to Manx Airlines on 25 November 1992. In January 1996, the J41 became part of the Aero International (Regional) (AI(R)), a marketing consortium consisting of ATR, Aérospatiale (of France), Alenia (of Italy), and British Aerospace. Sales initially were fairly strong, but in May 1997 BAe announced that it was terminating J41 production, with 100 aircraft delivered.
- Sky Express (5)
- South Africa
- United Arab Emirates
- Eastern SkyJets (1)
- United Kingdom
- Eastern Airways (17)
- Delbitur (1)
- Venezolana (9)
- Proflight Zambia (2)
Other operators include:
- Hong Kong
- Hong Kong Government Flying Service – (2) for search-and-rescue.
Former Civil operators
- United States
- Trans States Airlines (25) - aircraft operated as American Connection, Delta Connection and Trans World Express providing passenger feed service on behalf of respective major air carrier partners American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Trans World Airlines (TWA).
- Atlantic Coast Airlines - aircraft operated as United Express providing passenger feed service on behalf of major air carrier partner United Airlines.
Prototype Jetstream 41 G-JMAC is now preserved by the Speke Aerodrome Heritage Group (SAHG) on the former airside apron behind the Crowne Plaza Liverpool John Lennon Airport Hotel, which was the original terminal building of Liverpool Speke Airport.
Accidents and incidents
- On 7 January 1994, Atlantic Coast Airlines Flight 6291 crashed short of the runway at Port Columbus International Airport killing five people out of nine passengers and crew.
- On 24 September 2009, Airlink Flight 8911 crashed in the suburb of Merebank in Durban, South Africa, shortly after takeoff from Durban International Airport. The crew of three and one person on the ground was injured. The captain, Allister Freeman, died as a result of complications from his injuries on 7 October 2009.
Specifications (Jetstream 41)
Data from Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/97
- Crew: 3 (2 Pilots + Flight Attendant)
- Capacity: 29 or 30 passengers
- Length: 19.25 m (63 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 18.42 m (60 ft 5 in)
- Height: 5.74 m (18 ft 10 in)
- Wing area: 32.4 m² (349 ft²)
- Airfoil: NACA 63A418, 63A412 (root/tip)
- Empty weight: 6,416 kg (14,144 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 10,886 kg (24,000 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Allied Signal TPE331-14GR/HR turboprop, 1,250 kW (1,650 shp) each
- Propeller diameter: 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)
- Maximum speed: 546 km/h (295 knots, 340 mph)
- Cruise speed: 482 km/h (260 knts, 299 mph) 
- Range: 1,433 km (774 nm, 891 mi)
- Service ceiling: 7,925 m (26,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 11.2 m/s (2,200 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 336 kg/m² (68.8 lb/ft²)
- Power/mass: 230 W/kg (0.138 hp/lb)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Swanborough 1991, p. 78.
- Taylor 1996, pp. 260–261.
- O'Toole 1997, p.4.
- airliners.net, Trans States Airlines BAe J41 photos
- airliners.net, Atlantic Coast Airlines BAe J41 photos
- Taylor, Rob. "Welcome to the Jetstream Club." The Jetstream Club, 9 September 2008. Retrieved: 30 March 2010.
- "Accident description." aviation-safety.net. Retrieved: 30 March 2010.
- "Crash plane declared emergency." IOL, 24 September 2009. Retrieved: 30 March 2010.
- "Media release 16 – Accident airlink flight update No. 15 – 07/10/09." saairlink.co.za,October 2009. Retrieved: 30 March 2010.
- Lambert 1993, p. 381.
- Lambert, Mark. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993–94. Coulsden, UK:Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1.
- O'Toole, Kevin. "Prestwick seeks new work after J41 closure". Flight International, 4–10 October 1997, p. 4.
- Swanborough, Gordon. "Jetstream Jubilee". Air International, August 1991, Vol 41 No 2, pp. 73–79. Stamford, UK:Key Publishing. ISSN 0306-5634.
- Taylor, Michael, ed. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/97. London: Brassey's, 1996. ISBN 978-1-85753-198-5.
- Wilson, Stewart. Airliners of the World. Fyshwick, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd., 1999. ISBN 978-1-875671-44-1.
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