BBC Radio Wales

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BBC Radio Wales
BBC Radio Wales logo
City of license Cardiff
Broadcast area Wales
Frequency FM: various
MW: 657 and 882 kHz
DAB
Freeview: 719 (Wales only)
Freesat: 714
Sky (UK only): 0117
Virgin Media: 931
First air date 1978
Format News, Music, Sport, Entertainment
Audience share 7.4% (December 2012, [1])
Owner BBC,
BBC Wales
Webcast WMA
Website www.bbc.co.uk/radiowales

BBC Radio Wales is BBC Wales's national English language radio station. The station began broadcasting on 23 November 1978 following the demise of the old 'Radio 4 Wales' service (previously the Welsh Home Service) and BBC Radio 4's transformation into a national network, moving medium wave to long wave. The current managing editor for the station is Steve Austins.[1]

History[edit]

In November 1978, BBC Radio Scotland and BBC Radio Wales were created as distinct stations on the former Radio 4 Scottish and Welsh medium wave opt-out frequencies of 810 and 882 kHz. They would be part-time initially, broadcasting for only 20 hours per week, still relaying Radio 4 at other times, however the groundwork had been laid for the stations to become important, respected full-time services. In the case of Radio Wales, the station now broadcasts for 19 12 hours each weekday and 20 hours on Saturday and Sunday with a simulcast of the BBC World Service following closedown every night.

BBC Radio Wales was preceded in the autumn of 1978 by four local experimental radio stations broadcasting for a week, including Radio Wrexham, Radio Deeside, Radio Merthyr and Radio Rhondda – the services were broadcast for just one week using an RTÉ OB transmitter. The first editor of BBC Radio Wales was Teleri Bevan, a former BBC Radio 4 Wales producer. Anita Morgan presented a breakfast show called AM, but this soon gave way to a more modern show for the period presented by Chris Stuart. The other main presenters for the first decade were Mike Flynn, Vincent Kane, Noreen Bray and Alun Williams.

By 1985, Roy Noble was also a regular daily voice, presenting weekday magazine shows for the station for 27 years. Old Radio 4 type continuity studios were modified to become 'self operated' by the early 1980s. Outside broadcasts from different towns in Wales were also introduced with Mike Flynn and Alun Williams hosting a weekly three-hour Friday morning live programme. BBC Radio Wales also started to embrace publicity similar to that used by UK commercial radio. Part of this included sponsorship of a light aircraft (G-ARRP) flown by Mike Flynn. Other early presenters included Wyn Calvin, Maureen Staffer, Sylvia Horn, G.V.Wynne Jones (Geevers), Claire Vincent, Piet Brinton, Jackie Emlyn and Princess Anne's biographer Brian Hoey.

Radio Gwent and Radio Clwyd opt-outs[edit]

Following BBC Wales' experiments with community radio in 1978, two permanent opt-out services would be developed in the North East and the South East. Radio Deeside was reopened in February 1980 in response to the then-recent closure of the Shotton Steelworks. Its coverage area was expanded to the rest of Clwyd in October 1981 and the station was subsequently renamed BBC Radio Clwyd, broadcasting extended local news bulletins, a mid-morning show and occasional special programming from studios in Mold until its closure in October 1993. Following the closure of Radio Clwyd, local bulletins for north-east Wales continued until 2002, staff having moved from Mold to Wrexham in the summer of 1998.

BBC Radio Gwent, based in Cwmbran, broadcast from 18 April 1983 until March 1991. Radio Gwent was available on FM, and since its closure has continued to relay the national Radio Wales service on the same FM frequencies to the Gwent area. Both of these stations operated at peak times only, and carried Radio Wales at other times.[2][3]

Regional opt-outs were later established for sports coverage, specifically live football commentaries involving Cardiff City in the South East, Swansea City in the South West and Wrexham in the North.

Programmes[edit]

Current programmes include the flagship breakfast and drivetime news programmes Good Morning Wales & Good Evening Wales, the current affairs phone-in Morning Call, weekday magazine shows with Jason Mohammad and Louise Elliott, The Evening Show with Alan Thomspon, Adam Walton's Saturday night new music show, Celtic Heartbeat with Frank Hennessy, Chris Needs Friendly Garden which airs each weeknight from 10pm, and the culinary feature series Wales on the Menu. Weekend presenters on the station include Roy Noble, Wales Today anchor Jamie Owen and comedians Rhod Gilbert & Owen Money.

Sports coverage[edit]

A BBC Wales Sport radio booth

Radio Wales Sport is broadcast on Saturdays between 2pm and 6:30pm during the football and rugby season (the programme is extended on occasions to include live commentary of early and late matches). The programme also airs on Tuesday evenings from 7pm to 10pm and on other days if there is other football happening throughout the week, usually on MW only. A Monday night edition of Radio Wales Sport launched on 24 September 2012 as part of a revamp of the station.

Radio Wales Sport features localised FM commentary of Cardiff City in the south-east of Wales, Swansea City in the south west and Wrexham in the north of Wales with a rolling service of match updates and results on medium wave. The station's commentators are BBC Wales Football Editor Ian Gwyn Hughes, Ian Beddow, Rob Phillips and Simon Davies. The summarisers are former Wales captain Kevin Ratcliffe, former Wales and Norwich striker Iwan Roberts, ex Wales and Crystal Palace striker Ian Walsh, Malcolm Allen, the ex Wales and Newcastle centre forward, and Jason Perry, a former Cardiff City defender.

Presenters[edit]

Transmission[edit]

For many years, Radio Wales was broadcast only on medium wave using a 100,000 watt transmitter broadcasting on 882 kHz from Washford in Somerset; as the BBC considered that the Welsh language network BBC Radio Cymru would not have a high enough listenership to merit a medium wave frequency. The only exception was the opt-out service Radio Gwent, which from 1983 broadcast on two FM frequencies and simulcast most of Radio Wales' output outside of breakfast. When the station closed in 1991, the frequencies continued to relay Radio Wales.

Since 1999, Radio Wales has been expanding its FM network, starting in areas like Cardiff and Wrexham where the Welsh language has the fewest speakers. The medium wave transmitter at Washford was originally built to cover southern Wales and most of the Westcountry, so it has a far greater coverage than its intended transmission area. It can be heard across the Bristol area, most parts of Devon and northern Cornwall, as well as in areas of south-western Ireland.

BBC Radio Wales commenced broadcasting from the Wenvoe transmitter on 6 December 2011 at 10:39. This replaced the low power VHF Transmitter on the Wenallt Hill which also carried BBC Wales VHF programme on 103.9 MHz to a limited area of South East Wales up to that point. The station is also broadcast on DAB Digital Radio and Freeview across Wales, as well as across the UK and Europe on satellite.

Race discrimination case[edit]

In 2001 presenter Lionel Kelleway won a case for racial discrimination against BBC Radio Wales, when they dropped his Landmark series, which won Sony Awards in 1991 and 1992,[4] after around ten years, because of his English accent.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Press Office – Steve Austins announced as new Editor BBC Radio Wales". BBC. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  2. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster. "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 21 Jan 2003 (pt 33)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  3. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster (21 January 2003). "House of Commons Hansard Debates for 21 Jan 2003 (pt 34)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  4. ^ a b Keating, Matt (2001-06-12). "BBC voice 'not Welsh enough'". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "BBC Wales loses 'race' case". BBC Online. 2001-08-01. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°29′53″N 3°13′40″W / 51.49806°N 3.22778°W / 51.49806; -3.22778