BBC Three

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This article is about the British television channel. For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 3. For the TV series from the 1960s, see BBC-3 (TV series). For the television station in Shiga Prefecture that operates on channel 3, see Biwako Broadcasting.
BBC Three
BBC Three.svg
BBC Three logo used since January 2008.
Launched 9 February 2003
Owned by BBC
Picture format 576i (16:9 SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Audience share 1.8% (July 2014 (2014-07), BARB)
Country United Kingdom
Replaced BBC Choice
Sister channel(s) BBC One
BBC Two
BBC Four
BBC News
BBC Parliament
CBBC
CBeebies
Website www.bbc.co.uk/bbcthree
Availability
Terrestrial
Freeview Channel 7
Channel 105 (HD)
Satellite
Freesat Channel 106 (SD/HD)
Channel 147 (SD)
Sky (UK) Channel 115 (SD/HD)
Channel 210 (SD/HD)
Sky (Ireland) Channel 210
Astra 1N 10818 V 22000 5/6
10847 V 23000 2/3 (HD)
Dish Network (USA) Channel 9407
Cable
Virgin Media Channel 106
Channel 163 (HD)
Smallworld Cable Channel 118
WightFibre Channel 23
UPC Ireland Channel 116
UPC Netherlands Channel 52
Ziggo (Netherlands) Channel 603
Telenet (Belgium) Channel 565
Naxoo (Switzerland) Channel 215
IPTV
BT TV Channel 105 (HD)
SwisscomTV
(Switzerland)
Channel arbitrary
Streaming media
BBC iPlayer Watch live (UK only)
TVCatchup Watch live (UK only)
UPC Horizon Watch live (Ireland only)
Watch live (Switzerland only)

BBC Three is a television channel from the BBC broadcasting via digital cable, terrestrial, IPTV and satellite platforms. The channel's target audience includes those in the 16–34-year-old age group, and has the purpose of providing "innovative" content to younger audiences, focusing on new talent and new technologies.[1] The channel is on-air from 7 pm to around 4 am each night,[1] to share terrestrial television bandwidth with CBBC.

Unlike its commercial rivals, 90% of BBC Three's output is from the United Kingdom and other European Union countries. 70% is original, covering all genres, from current affairs, to drama, to comedy to animation. BBC Three has a unique 60 Seconds format for its news bulletins, adopted so that operation of the channel could be completely automated, without the complication of dealing with variable length live news broadcasts. The current controller of the station is Zai Bennett,[2] who leaves to join Sky Atlantic in July 2014, at which point BBC Three commissioner Sam Bickley will become acting controller.[3]

In February 2014, BBC Director-General Tony Hall announced that cuts of £100 million would have to be made at the corporation.[4] BBC Three was mentioned as part of these cuts and will be axed as an on-air channel in Autumn 2015 to become an online only channel, although the exact date is unknown.[5]

History[edit]

In late 2001, the BBC decided to reposition and rebrand their two digital channels, so that they could be more closely linked to the well established BBC One and BBC Two. Their plan was for BBC Knowledge to be renamed BBC Four, and indeed this took place in 2002, and for BBC Choice to be renamed BBC Three. However, questions were raised over the proposed format of the new BBC Three, as some thought the new format would be too similar to the BBC's commercial rivals, namely ITV2 and E4, and would be unnecessary competition. The channel was eventually given the go ahead, eleven months after the original launch date, and launched on 9 February 2003.[6] The channel was launched by Stuart Murphy, who previously ran BBC Choice, and before that UK Play, the now-discontinued UKTV music and comedy channel. At 33, Murphy was the youngest channel controller in the country, a title he held since launching UK Play at the age of 26, although on 20 October 2005 it was announced that Murphy was soon to leave the channel to work in commercial television.

BBC Three's Logo from 2003 to 2008

On 12 May 2011, BBC Three was added to the Sky EPG in the Republic of Ireland on channel 229.[7] It was later moved to channel 210 on 3 July 2012, to free up space for new channels.

For the duration of the 2012 Summer Olympics, BBC Three increased its broadcasting hours to 24 hours to provide extra coverage of Olympic events.[8] Broadcast hours were extended again for the 2014 Commonwealth Games with BBC Three broadcasting from 9:00 am to 4:00 am for the duration of the games.[9]

BBC Three HD[edit]

BBC Three HD logo.

On 16 July 2013, the BBC announced that a high-definition (HD) simulcast of BBC Three would be launched by early 2014.[10] The channel launched on 10 December 2013.[11] The channel broadcasts on the BBC's existing HD multiplex on Freeview and shares its stream with CBBC HD as they air at different times. Prior to launch, the majority of BBC Three's HD output was broadcast on BBC HD before its closure on 26 March 2013. The HD channel was not added to the Sky EPG in The Republic of Ireland.

Move to online only[edit]

On 5 March 2014, it was announced that BBC Three would cease broadcasting on Freeview and satellite and become available only online, and replace it on Freeview and satellite with a one hour timeshift of BBC One.[12] However this has caused a backlash from some viewers, and celebrities, including Greg James, Matt Lucas and Jack Whitehall have backed a campaign to try to save the channel from going online-only.[13] There is currently a petition hosted on change.org which has received over 250,000 signatures (as of 22 July 2014).[14] Other members of the public, and journalists, have praised the decision.[15][16] According to a report, BBC Three is due to cease transmission in Autumn 2015, the bandwidth will be used for BBC One +1 and extending hours of CBBC to 8pm.[17][18]

Programming[edit]

The remit of BBC Three is to bring younger audiences to high quality public service broadcasting through a mixed-genre schedule of innovative UK content featuring new UK talent. The channel should use the full range of digital platforms to deliver its content and to build an interactive relationship with its audience. The channel's target audience is 16–34-year olds.

BBC Three Remit[1]

BBC three viewing share to March 2013

The channel's target audience is 16 to 34-year olds,[19] and it faces heavy competition from rivals including ITV2 and E4,[20] for an audience that the BBC has traditionally had difficulty in attracting. In 2008 it reached 26.3% of 16–34-year-olds in digital homes—the channel's highest ever such reach and above that of E4, ITV2, Dave and Sky 1.[21]

On average, nine million people watch BBC Three every week,[22] and it has a 2.6% share of the 15–34-year-old audience and 1.4% of the whole population, according to the Broadcasters' Audience Research Board (BARB). These ratings by BARB, the official ratings agency, average out BBC Three's viewing figures over a 24-hour period even though the channel only broadcasts in the evening, giving a distorted sense of the channel's viewership. Despite several official complaints from the BBC, BARB continues to publish figures which the BBC argues are unrepresentative.

BBC Three's programming consists of comedy, drama, spin-off series and repeated episodes of series from BBC One and BBC Two, and other programmes that attempt to alert others of their actions through a series of programmes challenging common beliefs.

An example of BBC Three's comedy output includes the award-winning comedy Little Britain, which in October 2004 broke its previous viewing record when 1.8 million viewers tuned in for a new series.[23] Little Britain was later broadcast on the BBC's terrestrial analogue channels BBC One and BBC Two. The channels longest-running comedy programme is Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps. Some current programmes feature stand-up comedians performing their own take on a subject, usually the news, examples of which include Russell Howard's Good News and Lee Nelson's Well Good Show.

Drama and comedy[edit]

The channel airs various dramas and comedies; one of its most popular sitcoms was Gavin & Stacey, which first aired in May 2007 and was written by and starring Ruth Jones and James Corden alongside Mathew Horne, Joanna Page, Alison Steadman and Rob Brydon. The sitcom was an instant hit, with subsequent series being moved to other BBC channels and the show being granted a Christmas special. Another example is Being Human, a drama in which a ghost, a vampire and a werewolf share a flat, which has become a success and heralded several new series. American programming also features, with American Dad! and Family Guy being the notable examples.

Numerous popular series are either repeated on the channel or have spin-offs created from them. In early 2003, viewers could watch episodes of popular BBC soap opera EastEnders on BBC Three before they were broadcast on BBC One. This programming decision coincided with the relaunch of the channel and helped it break the one million viewers milestone for the first time. An episode of EastEnders Revealed, which was commissioned for BBC Three and looking behind the scenes of the programme, attracted 611,000 viewers. In 2005, BBC Three commissioned the documentary series Doctor Who Confidential, which was shown immediately after episodes of the new series of Doctor Who had been screened on BBC One. This was followed up in July 2005, when it began to screen repeats of both programmes.

In October 2005, it was announced that BBC Three had commissioned a spin-off drama series from Doctor Who, Torchwood, designed as a post-watershed science fiction drama for a more adult audience. Torchwood launched with 2.4 million viewers in October 2006.[24] Torchwood is the first science fiction programme ever to have been commissioned by the channel, and its popularity led to it being broadcast on BBC Two for the second series, and on BBC One for subsequent series. In 2010, BBC Three began airing episodes of the fifth series of BBC drama series Waterloo Road after they had aired on BBC One as part of its 'catch-up' programming.

Documentaries[edit]

BBC Three also airs highly acclaimed documentaries reflecting young people's experience of the world, including the BAFTA winning 'Our War'; 'Blood, Sweat & T-Shirts' plus subsequent sequels; 'Life & Death Row' and their recent season of films about mental illness. BBC Three also broadcasts specialist factual documentaries, such as 'How Drugs Work' and 'How Sex Works'.

BBC Three has also commissioned a number of notable single one-off documentaries, including My Brother the Islamist (2011), "Small Teen Big World" (2010); Stormchaser: The Butterfly and the Tornado (2012) and The Autistic Me (2009). Many are commissioned through BBC Three's FRESH scheme; providing an opportunity for 'the next generation of directors' to make their first 60 minute documentary for the channel.[25]

News and sport[edit]

The channel features hourly news updates called 60 Seconds, presented by Sam Naz during the week, which include the top news, sport and entertainment stories. They are presented in a relaxed style in keeping with the rest of the channel. As part of the BBC's discussions with the government regarding the founding of the channel, a longer news programme had been promised to provide a daily section of news and current affairs. The News Show, as it came to be called upon launch, was later rebranded The 7 O'Clock News. However, the BBC discontinued the bulletin in 2005, following a recommendation made in the 2004 Barwise Report, which found that the channel's target audience sought news from elsewhere.[26]

The channel also shows some sport, primarily Match of the Day Live, broadcasting international football matches featuring Wales, often when an England match is being shown on BBC One. The channel also shows some matches of England's Women's team. Highlights of the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations were shown on the channel from 20 January to 10 February 2008.[27]

Presentation[edit]

One of the former BBC Three "Blobs"
The latest presentation style was introduced in October 2013.

The channel's original idents were conceived by Stefan Marjoram at Aardman Animations and were used from launch until February 2008. Stuart Murphy was touring Aardman Animations looking for new programming ideas for BBC Three when he spotted the cone shaped creatures, he then took the idea back to the Lambie-Nairn agency, responsible for the BBC Three identity package.[28] A feature of this identity is also the music "Three Is The Magic Number", based (only the lyrics are copied) upon Schoolhouse Rock!.

BBC Online provided a number of downloads and activities based on the channel's identity, these included "BlobMate", screensavers, wallpapers and also games such as BlobLander and BlobBert. The idea used by both Lambie-Nairn, who had developed the branding for CBeebies and CBBC, and Aardman, was to create the BBC Three blobs as a relation to the green and yellow blobs of the children's channels. Up until they rebranded the channel, it had two continuity announcers, Kieron Elliott and Lola Buckley. Both announcers have distinct accents: Scottish and a Yorkshire accent respectively, and allowed the channel to seem more in tune with viewers. Currently the channel's announcers are Gavin Inskip and Jen Long with out-of-vision continuity presented live during peak time.

On 22 January 2008 a new channel identity was unveiled. Rebranding was carried out by Red Bee Media, along with agencies MPG and Agency Republic with music and sound design by creative audio company Koink.[29]

The latest idents and presentation style was introduced in October 2013, retaining the logo from 2008. The idents follow the theme of "discovery", and were designed by Claire Powell at Red Bee Media.[30] The soundtrack for the idents was composed by Chris Branch and Tom Haines at Brains & Hunch.[31]

Awards[edit]

The channel has had critical and popular successes, winning more awards in its eleven-year history than its commercial rivals (Sky 1, Sky Living, E4, ITV2, Channel 5 and Comedy Central) have won in their combined 25-year history. In total BBC Three has won 7 BAFTA awards, 5 British Comedy Awards, 15 Royal Television Society Awards and 5 Rose d'Or Awards since the channel was launched in February 2003. Most recently, it won Broadcast Magazine's Digital Channel of the Year Award for Best General Entertainment Channel, and MGEITF Non Terrestrial Channel of the Year.

In 2008, BBC Three's Gavin & Stacey won the BAFTA audience award and the best comedy performance award was awarded to James Corden for his part.[32]

Criticism[edit]

The channel has also come in for criticism from several corners, the most prominent of which are some of the BBC's long-standing presenters. These include John Humphrys, who argued that BBC Three and BBC Four should be shut down in the face of budget cuts to BBC Radio 4's Today programme, which he presents,[33] John Sweeney of Panorama,[34] and Jeremy Paxman are among other journalists who have also criticised the channel and its content.[35]

In July 2010 a UK music magazine printed a letter from the pressure group Friends of Radio 3 that criticised BBC Three for having 'comedies, game shows, films and documentaries, but no arts programming at all'.[36] In a later issue another correspondent endorsed this assessment on the basis of a search through issues of the Radio Times, and cast doubt on the BBC's claim (in the document Performance Against Public Commitments 2009/10) that the channel broadcast '54 hours of new music and arts programming' in that year.[37] Two months later the same correspondent wrote in to inform readers that the BBC had refused his 'Freedom of Information' request concerning the titles of the programmes used in calculating the '54 hours' total.[38]

In popular culture[edit]

Long before the channel existed, many parodies of a channel called "BBC 3" were aired. One of these was in the Doctor Who serial The Dæmons, where "BBC 3" encounters supernatural technical problems while airing a live edition of a programme entitled The Passing Parade. Another was in Roland Rat: The Series where a parody of the BBC Two 'Two' ident was often featured. There was also a TV comedy series from the mid '60s entitled BBC-3 featuring Bill Oddie.[39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "BBC Three Service Licence". BBC Trust. September 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Zai Bennett announced as new BBC Three controller". BBC News. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "BBC Three appoints new channel boss Sam Bickley". BBC News. 2 June 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Plunkett, John (26 February 2014). "BBC could axe frontline channel or service as it seeks extra £100m in cuts". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "BBC Three to be axed and move online". BBC News (BBC). 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "BBC Three digital channel launches". BBC News. 10 February 2003. 
  7. ^ "Ireland: Extra BBC channels being added to Sky EPG". The Airwaves. 2 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "The Olympics on BBC Three". BBC Three. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games on BBC Sport". BBC. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "BBC to launch five new HD channels". BBC News. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "BBC to launch five new subscription-free HD channels on Tuesday 10 December". BBC. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "BBC Three to be axed as on-air channel". BBC. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "BBC Three gets celebrity backing in fight for survival". BBC. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "Save BBC3". change.org. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ Nissim, Mayer (6 March 2014). "BBC Three to close as broadcast channel in autumn 2015". Digital Spy. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "BBC One to get £30m from Three closure". BBC. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  19. ^ "BBC Three". BBC Trust. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  20. ^ Clark, Nicola. "Is BBC Three a commercial threat?". Brand Republic. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "BBC Trust Service Review Younger audiences: BBC Three, Radio 1 and 1Xtra". BBC Trust. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "BBC – Press Office – BBC Three key facts". BBC. Retrieved 11 August 2008. 
  23. ^ Matthews, Sam (20 October 2004). "BBC Three has last laugh with Little Britain's 2m ratings". Brand Republic. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  24. ^ "Torchwood scores record audience". BBC News. 23 October 2006. Retrieved 3 January 2008. 
  25. ^ "Fresh documentaries for BBC Three". 28 February 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "BBC Three drops nightly news show". BBC News. 21 October 2005. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "Africa Cup of Nations on the BBC". BBC Sport. 8 February 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  28. ^ "The TV Room – BBC Three – February 2003 – February 2008". Retrieved 5 April 2009. 
  29. ^ "Home – Creative Production – Original Music – Koink". Retrieved 11 August 2008. 
  30. ^ "BBC Three". Red Bee Media. October 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  31. ^ "BBC Three Idents". YouTube. Red Bee Media. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  32. ^ Singh, Anita; Martin, Nicole (21 April 2008). "Gavin and Stacey wins top honours at Baftas". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  33. ^ Ian Burrell (3 September 2007). "Humphrys: BBC cost-cutters should axe new channels". The Independent. Retrieved 8 May 2008. 
  34. ^ "Scrap BBC Three and Four to save prestigious programmes, says veteran journalist John Humphrys". Daily Mail. 3 September 2007. 
  35. ^ Cavendish, Camilla (5 July 2007). "BBC Three and Four, your number's up". The Times. Archived from the original on 8 July 2008. Retrieved 8 May 2008. 
  36. ^ Letter from Sarah Spilsbury, Musical Opinion, July–August 2010, p. 56
  37. ^ Letter from Mark Doran, Musical Opinion, November–December 2010, p. 3
  38. ^ Letter from Mark Doran, Musical Opinion, January–February 2011, p. 4
  39. ^ "BBC 3 (TV Series 1965–1966)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 

External links[edit]