BBC World News
|BBC World News|
|Launched||11 March 1991 as "BBC World Service Television"
16 January 1995 as "BBC World"
21 April 2008 as "BBC World News"
|Closed||15 January 1995 as "BBC World Service Television"
20 April 2008 as "BBC World"
|Picture format||16:9 (1080i, HDTV) 16:9 (576i), 4:3 (480i) SDTV|
|Audience share||Available in:
350 million homes
1.7 million hotel rooms
81 cruise ships
35 mobile phone platforms
74 million viewers per week (September 2011, )
Demand a Broader View (1995-2004)
Putting News First (2004-2013)Live The Story (2013-)
|Country||United Kingdom (for external consumption only)|
|Headquarters||Broadcasting House, London, United Kingdom|
|Formerly called||BBC World Service Television (11 March 1991-15 January 1995)
BBC World (16 January 1995-20 April 2008)
|Replaced||BBC World Service Television (11 March 1991-15 January 1995)
BBC World (16 January 1995-20 April 2008)
|Website||BBC World News|
|Boxer TV Access (Sweden)||Channel 27 MPEG-4|
|Televisió Digital Terrestre (Andorra)||Channel 20|
|ERT Digital (Greece)||Channel 48, 56 MPEG-4|
|PBS (USA)||Check Your Local Listings|
|KCET-TV (Los Angeles Metropolitan Area)||Digital Channel 28.1 USA|
|DTT (Mauritius)||Multiplex 2 Mauritius|
|Nexmedia DVB-T (Indonesia)||Channel 703|
|Hot Bird 10||12597 V / 27500 / 3/4|
|Hispasat 1C||12012 V / 27500 / 3/4|
|Astra 1L||11597 V / 22000 / 5/6|
|Thor 5||11325 H / 24500 / 7/8|
|Badr 4||12073 H / 27500 / 3/4|
|Nilesat 101||11766 H / 27500 / 3/4|
|Sky Italia (Italy)||Channel 520|
|HiTV (Nigeria)||Channel 03|
|Cyfrowy Polsat (Poland)||Channel 134|
|Indovision (Indonesia)||Channel 332|
|Digital+ (Spain)||Channel 74|
|Bell TV (Canada)||Channel 510|
|Shaw Direct (Canada)||Channel 501|
|Astro (Malaysia)||Channel 512|
|Tata Sky (India)||Channel 536|
|TrueVisions (Thailand)||Channel 157|
|Austar (Australia)||Channel 649|
|TVB Pay Vision (Hong Kong)||Channel 62|
|SkyLife (South Korea)||Channel 519|
|SKY PerfecTV! (Japan)||Channel 252|
|SKY PerfecTV! e2 (Japan)||Channel 353|
|CanalSat (France)||Channel 58|
|Digiturk (Turkey)||Channel 122|
|Dream (Philippines)||Channel 21|
|Cignal (Philippines)||Channel 46|
|MEO (Portugal)||Channel 204|
|SKY México||Channel 631 (Mexico)
Channel 99 (Brazil)
|UPC (Ireland)||Channel 206|
|Vidéotron (Canada)||Channel 147|
|StarHub TV (Singapore)||Channel 701 (SD)
Channel 755 (HD)
|Rogers Cable (Canada)||Channel 194 (Digital)|
|Shaw TV (Canada)||Channels 41|
|Cable TV (Hong Kong)||Channel 75|
|Verizon FiOS (United States)||Channel 107|
|HiTV (Nigeria)||Channel 3|
|Cablelink (Philippines)||Channel 20|
|Destiny Cable (Philippines)||Channel 23 (Analog)
Channel 29 (Digital)
|SkyCable (Philippines)||Channel 29 (Digital)|
|OneLink Communications (Puerto Rico)||Channel 74|
|TelstraClear InHomeTV (New Zealand)||Channel 93|
|First Media (Indonesia)||Channel 230 (SD)
Channel 395 (HD)
|Parasat Cable TV (Philippines)||Channel 15|
|TrueVisions (Thailand)||Channel 157|
|Foxtel (Australia)||Channel 649|
|Optus TV (Australia)||Channel 649|
|Kabel Deutschland (Germany)||Channel 838|
|ONO (Spain)||Channel 145|
|TV di FASTWEB (Italy)||Channel 88|
|now TV (Hong Kong)||Channel 320|
|Movistar TV (Spain)||Channel 134|
|MEO (Portugal)||Channel 204|
|Bell Fibe TV (Canada)||Channel 510 (SD)
Channel 1510 (HD)
|Deutsche Telekom Germany||Channel 99|
|Fetch TV (Australia)||Channel 180|
|CHT MOD (Taiwan)||Channel 151|
|Hikari TV (Japan)||Channel 852|
|Claro TV (Dominican Republic)||Channel 154|
|HyppTV (Malaysia)||Channel 404 (France 24 has ceased transmission and replace to BBC World News)|
|AT&T U-verse (United States)||Channel 1207 (HD)
Channel 207 (SD)
|Google Fiber (United States)||Channel 112|
|Livestation Unavailable in UK, USA, Australia, Japan, China, Singapore, Thailand and Malaysia||(Free, 502 Kbit/s)|
|UPC Horizon||Watch live (Netherlands only)
Watch live (Switzerland only)
BBC World News is the BBC's international news and current affairs television channel. It has the largest audience of any BBC channel, with an estimated 74 million viewers in 2011. Launched on 11 March 1991 as BBC World Service Television outside Europe, its name was changed to BBC World on 16 January 1995 and to BBC World News on 21 April 2008. It broadcasts television programming including BBC News bulletins, documentaries, lifestyle programmes and interviews. It employs more correspondents and reporters and has more international bureaux than any other news channel. Unlike the BBC's domestic channels, BBC World News is owned and operated by BBC Global News Ltd, part of the BBC's commercial group of companies and is funded by subscription and advertising revenues, and not by the United Kingdom television licence. It is not owned by BBC Worldwide.
- 1 History
- 2 Broadcasting
- 3 Programming
- 4 Presenters
- 5 Presentation
- 6 Awards
- 7 Other stations
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The channel originally launched as BBC World Service Television, though unlike BBC World Service radio which has always been government funded, the British government refused to extend the Foreign Office grant-in-aid. It was launched on 11 March 1991, after two weeks of real-time pilots, initially as a half-hour bulletin once a day at 19:00 GMT. The programme editor was Johan "John" Ramsland from World Service Radio News with John Exelby from domestic BBC TV News as his managing editor. The original picture editing team consisted of Bob Scholes, Peter Hodge and Mike Casey.
- Monday, 16 January 1995 at 19:00 GMT: 24-hour 24-hour English free-to-air terrestrial international news channel such: news bulletin, information, business and financial, news magazine and current affairs programmes led of "BBC World" (now BBC World News).
- Monday, 30 January 1995 at 19:00 GMT: 24-hour English cable lifestyle, variety and entertainment channel such: variety, culture, leisure, lifestyle, art and light entertainment programmes "BBC Prime" (now BBC Entertainment).
Since 1995, the service has gone through several branding changes. From 1995 to 1997, the channel used relatively few graphics to display the name of the channel, with the studio modelled on that used for BBC News in the United Kingdom.
As part of a major BBC corporate redesign (which included a new logo for the corporation on 4 October 1997) the channel received its first main refresh on 9 November 1997, the day BBC News 24 was launched. Various fictional flags with some real ones were used. The idents were computer generated and developed by the Lambie-Nairn design agency.
Another large relaunch for BBC World took place on 3 April 2000, which brought it in line with the BBC's UK news channel which was relaunched in 1999. The new uniform look was made up of red and cream designed by Lambie-Nairn, with music based on a style described as 'drums and beeps' composed by David Lowe, a departure from the general orchestral versions of other news programmes.
On 8 December 2003 a second makeover, using the same 'drums and beeps' style music but new graphics took place, although on a much smaller scale to that of 1999. The music was changed slightly while the main colour scheme became black and red, with studios using frosted glass, white and red colours. Later in 2004, the channel's slogan became Putting News First, replacing Demand a Broader View. The graphical refresh introduced in 2003 was refreshed in May 2006 with a more red output. In 22 January 2007 a new refresh was presented based on the previous graphics, a red coloured labels covering a red and black earthglobe along with the BBC World logo.
The channel's present name was introduced on 21 April 2008 as part of a £550,000 rebranding of the BBC's news output and visual identity. BBC World News later moved to the renovated former studio of BBC News 24 (now BBC News). New graphics were produced by the Lambie-Nairn design agency and music reworked by David Lowe.
Move to Broadcasting House
BBC World News relocated to Broadcasting House from its previous home at BBC Television Centre on 14 January 2013. This is a part of the move of BBC News and other audio and vision departments of the BBC into one building in Central London. Broadcasting House was refurbished at a cost of £1 billion with a new newsroom and several state-of-the-art news television studios being built.
Live news output originates from studios B and C in Broadcasting House with some recorded programming from Broadcasting House studio A and the BBC Millbank studio. The BBC World News newsroom is now part of the new consolidated BBC Newsroom in Broadcasting House along with BBC World Service and UK domestic News services.
Previously, the channel was broadcast in 4:3, with the news output fitted into a 14:9 frame for both digital and analogue broadcasting, resulting in black bands at the top and bottom of the screen. On 13 January 2009 at 09:57 GMT, BBC World News switched its broadcast to 16:9 format, initially in Europe on Astra 1L satellite, and Eutelsat Hot Bird 6 satellite to other broadcast feeds in the Asian region from 20 January 2009.
As a result of the move to Broadcasting House, BBC World News gained high-definition studios and equipment to be able to broadcast in high-definition. On 5 August 2013, BBC World News will be offered as a High Definition (HD) feed across the Middle East when it launches its international HD channel on Arabsat. Arabsat will be the BBC's first distribution partner in the Middle East to offer the award-winning news channel in HD.
BBC World News claims to be watched by a weekly audience of 74 million in over 200 countries and territories worldwide. BBC World News is most commonly watched as a free-to-air (FTA) channel. The channel is available in Europe and many parts of the world via satellite (FTA) or cable platforms.
In mid-2012, Livestation made BBC World News available as part of a subscription package with Sky International, Al Jazeera English, and EuroNews. As of 3 January 2013, the channel is not available in the United States via the website.
Worldwide, the station is available free of charge and without geographical limitations through the free Readon Player software. There are usually at least two links to the feed. It can be found using the channel search feature or in the United Kingdom and News & Information sections. In Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, it is additionally available as a subscription mobile phone service, having also been available as a terrestrial channel.
More recently, ad-supported mobile phone apps have been providing free access. TVGO Live TV provides a very clear and stable stream to Android devices; LiveTV also carries a stream but tends to suffer from stability issues in both the stream and the app itself.
The channel is not officially available as a stand-alone, full-time channel in the United Kingdom because it carries and is funded by advertising (BBC's domestic channels are funded by a television licence fee which households and establishments that want to watch television programmes as they are being broadcast must pay), although it can be easily received due to its 'free-to-air' status on many European satellite systems, including Astra and Hot Bird and is available in selected London hotels. BBC World News can also be viewed in the public areas of Broadcasting House (the lobby and cafe).
However, some BBC World News programmes are available to UK audiences. There is a simulcast of the 05:00 UK edition of BBC World News on BBC One and the BBC News channel, followed by an edition of World Business Report. This programme was previously branded as 'The World Today'. While international audiences see advertisements during the break, UK viewers see domestic headlines. This simulcast is in addition to overnight simulcasts of the top of the hour from 01.00 to 05.00 UK time on both BBC World News and BBC News channel and are simply branded as BBC News (except for Newsday which simulcasts 01.00 UK time weekdays), even if they are produced by BBC World News. The 11:30 UK edition of BBC World News is shown on BBC Two Mon-Fri but not on Wednesdays when Parliament is sitting and there is Prime Minister's Questions. This forms BBC News at 11 on BBC Two, which is made up of half an hour of BBC News and then half an hour of BBC World News. This can also happen during big news events and the News Channel presenter will join the BBC World News presenter in Studio C as it used by both channels. This was done for example for coverage of events such as the Glasgow Helicopter Crash, Election of Pope Francis and Boston Marathon Bombings. Previously GMT was shown at 12:30 on the channel. On weekdays, BBC World News also produces a version of World News Today at 19:00 UK time. The first half-hour of this programme can be seen in the UK on BBC Four. The edition of the programme replaced The World, which had been broadcast as a simulcast on the channel between 2002 and 2007.
Live news programmes:
- BBC World News – The latest international news as they break from the BBC.
- Newsday – Live international news from London and Singapore every weekday. With Babita Sharma, Kasia Madera (London) and Rico Hizon, Sharanjit Leyl (Singapore).
- GMT – George Alagiah presents the latest news developments from across the globe, with updates on business and sport.
- Impact – Global news as it affects audiences around the world. presenting breaking news, debate and analysis, using the full range of BBC Correspondents mostly from the Asia Pacific nations and across the world.
- Global – Matthew Amroliwala an in depth exploration of the issues of the day.
- Outside Source - Ros Atkins hosts live reports from BBC Newsroom in London linking up with the BBC's global network of correspondents.
- Focus on Africa – news, business and sport from across the continent.
- World News Today – The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa, Karin Giannone, Kasia Madera and Philippa Thomas bring context and understanding to the most complex of events.
- Business Edition – Tanya Beckett (Monday-Thursday) and Jamie Robertson (Friday) bring understanding and informed analysis of days business stories and the links to the days top stories.
- BBC World News America – Comprehensive news and analysis with Katty Kay. Broadcast from the BBC's Washington D.C. Studio.
Other live programmes:
- Asia Business Report – Live from Singapore the essential business news as it breaks and a look ahead to the news that will shape the business day.
- Sport Today – All the latest sports news and results from around the globe.
- World Business Report – The latest business news with informed analysis from the world's financial centres.
- World Have Your Say – Each week, BBC World viewers can join the multimedia phone-in programme, broadcast alongside BBC World Service Radio and BBC Online, and share their views on topical issues of the day with a global audience.
Pre-recorded programmes include:
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- Africa Business Report – A weekly look at business across the continent, talking to the people and businesses who are changing the economic face of Africa.
- Click – A comprehensive guide to all the latest gadgets, websites, games and computer industry news.
- Dateline London – Foreign correspondents based in London give their views on the week's international news.
- Develop Or Die – investigations and reports on the challenges, problems and successes of developing nations as they seek to increase their wealth or, in some cases, get out of poverty.
- Equestrian World – More than competition, Equestrian World concentrates on the spirit of the sport and the lifestyle surrounding it.
- Fast Track – The series with the latest news about travel, from the industry itself to advice on the latest deals and destinations for people travelling on business or for leisure.
- HARDtalk – Stephen Sackur talks to newsmakers and personalities from across the globe.
- India Business Report – India Business Report provides an indispensable guide to the big stories to watch out for in the week ahead.
- Horizons – Hosts Adam Shaw and Saima Mohsin travel the world speaking with the companies and individuals who are shaping the way humankind will live over the next decade.
- Middle East Business Report – Getting behind the issues of trade, business and economics in the Gulf, to reveal how this important economic region works and interacts with the rest of the world.
- Newsnight – Laura Kuenssberg or Andrew Neil or Kirsty Wark looks back at the best of the week's news and discussions from Newsnight.
- Our World – Features the BBC's finest news programmes on current issues around the world. The documentaries showcase BBC journalism at its best with programmes that expose and evaluate global topics.
- Reporters – A weekly showcase of the best reports from the BBC's global network of correspondents.
- Russia Business Report – The BBC's team of business experts report from across Russia. While getting under the skin of this complex country they will also be reporting on the companies and business leaders who are becoming major players in the global economy.
- Spirit of Yachting – This series explores some of the most exciting events in the world of sailing. The films tell the human stories behind the race and reveal the passion, emotion and dedication needed to take part in any world class sporting occasion.
- Talking Movies – Tom Brook presents all the latest news and reviews from the US cinema scene with reports from Hollywood and New York.
- The Doha Debates – Each month in Qatar invited speakers debate the burning issues of the Arab and Islamic world in front of an audience who are encouraged to participate by asking questions.
- Politics Europe – An in-depth look at the politics of Europe presented by Andrew Neil and Jo Coburn (only shown in Europe; also shown on BBC Parliament in the UK).
- The World Debate – This programme puts the important questions to representatives from global politics, finance, business, the arts, media and other areas. The panels and contributing audiences discuss topical themes.
- Third Eye – An examination of the economic fundamentals of twelve countries, looking beyond balance sheets and stock markets. A macro perspective from some of the best economic and business journalists.
- Reporters – A weekly showcase for reports from the BBC's network of over 250 global correspondents.
- UK Reporters – A weekly showcase for reports from the BBC's network of reporters and correspondents across the length and breadth of the United Kingdom.
- Weekend World – presented by BBC broadcaster Paddy O'Connell, Weekend World is a lively look at viewers' comments on World News programmes and a brief snapshot of what's coming up at the weekend.
- Health Check - presented by Dr Ayan Panja and Claudia Hammond is transmitted four times each month at weekends and covers the most important developments in global health, including interviews with some of the world's leading health experts.
- World Have Your Say Extra – gives BBC World News viewers another opportunity to join the multimedia phone-in programme, broadcast alongside BBC World Service Radio and BBC Online, and share their views on topical issues of the day with a global audience.
- Panorama – Current affairs programme, featuring interviews and investigative reports on a wide variety of subjects.
- The Review Show - a monthly programme presented by Kirsty Wark. The place to come for intelligent and challenging conversation. Discuss all forms of the arts and their social, political and historical context.
- The Editors - a monthly programme looking at what's happening in each editor's area.
World News Bulletins
Half-hour BBC World News bulletins are made available to Public Broadcasting Service member stations in the United States through Los Angeles' KCET, a non-commercial independent public television station separate from PBS since the beginning of 2011 due to a rights fee dispute. 80 to 90% of Americans are able to receive them, though broadcast times vary between different localities, with it airing on several PBS stations in markets such as New York City and Washington DC.
On PBS stations, BBC World News does not appear with commercials (the breaks are replaced with news stories) but omits the Met Office international weather forecast at the end, replacing it with underwriting announcements. The PBS airings are tape-delayed on some stations.
BBC America airs a 3-hour block of BBC World News coverage from 05:00 to 08:00 on weekdays. Met Office forecasts are removed, and is broadcast with advertisements. Another BBC World News programme, the hour-long BBC World News America, aired on BBC America at 19:00 Eastern Time. A second broadcast at 22:00 Eastern Time ended in 2010 when BBC America introduced a second feed for the western time zones of the US on 18 February 2011, it was announced that BBC World News America would be discontinued on BBC America and would instead be airing only on BBC World and local PBS stations in the United States as a 30-minute program.
BBC World News bulletins also appear on Hong Kong TVB English Channel instead of: NBC Nightly News with Brian Williams simulcasting on NBC News by WNBC-4 from 07:30 until 08:00 Hong Kong Time (18:30 until 19:00 New York City Time), CCTV English News Live simulcasting on CCTV News from 10:00 until 11:00 and 12:00 until 13:00 Beijing/Hong Kong Time and News at 7:30 from 19:30 until 20:00 Hong Kong Time. In Singapore, the English daily evening-nightly flagship mainly news bulletins appear on: MediaCorp TV HD5 instead of News 5 Tonight from 21:30 until 22:00 Singapore Standard Time and MediaCorp News Channel NewsAsia instead of Singapore Lens Night / Lensa Singapura Malam from 19:00 until 20:00 Singapore Standard Time.
Previously, bulletins also featured on select rail services in both cities:
- Singapore Mass Rapid Transit service from City Hall-Raffles Place-Marina Bay to Chinatown-Orchard-Changi International Airport
- Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway service from Chek Lap Kok International Airport-Hong Kong
These broadcasts are treated to a specially recorded namecheck of "Welcome to BBC World News on board the Singapore Mass Rapid Transit and Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway". This short bulletin was updated twice a day, and has since been replaced by a similar programme from Cable News Network (CNN).
Travellers on the Heathrow Express rail service from London Paddington to London Heathrow Airport ware also treated to a specially recorded BBC World News bulletin—introduced with a namecheck of "Welcome to BBC World News on board the Heathrow Express"—during the fifteen-minute journey. This short bulletin was updated twice a day, and was shown in both classes on LCD televisions throughout the train. A similar programme from Sky News is now shown instead.
Many airlines from across the world also play pre-recorded extracts of the BBC World News, have text headlines from it or have a full bulletin available on the in-flight entertainment systems. Airlines with BBC World News include Emirates Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Qatar Airways, Etihad Airways, Qantas, Air Macau and American Airlines. Travellers can watch the bulletins on Independent Television News shortly after take-off on British Airways flights from the United Kingdom. Air France also broadcasts the full bulletin instead of France 2 News, on flights operated from Kuala Lumpur, Toronto-Lester Bowles Pearson, Singapore-Changi, London-Heathrow, Hong Kong-Chek Lap Kok, Sydney, Macau, Los Angeles, San Francisco and New York-John Fitzgerald Kennedy.
- Babita Sharma Newsday
- Kasia Madera Newsday, BBC World News & World News Today
- Rico Hizon Newsday & Asia Business Report
- Sharanjit Leyl Newsday & Asia Business Report
- Mike Embley BBC World News
- Peter Dobbie BBC World News
- Naga Munchetty BBC World News
- Stephen Sackur HARDtalk with Stephen Sackur & GMT
- Sally Bundock World Business Report
- George Alagiah GMT and BBC Deputy Chief Presenter for Major Events
- David Eades GMT
- Lucy Hockings Impact
- Aaron Heslehurst World Business Report with Aaron Heslehurst
- Tim Willcox BBC World News
- Yalda Hakim BBC World News
- Tanya Beckett World Business Report & Business Edition
- Jamie Robertson World Business Report & Business Edition
- Katty Kay World News America
- Huw Edwards BBC Chief Presenter for Major Events & BBC Election Night host
- Sophie Raworth BBC Acting Deputy Chief Presenter for Major Events
BBC World News is, for the most part, the same channel all over the world; the commercials are intended to be the only differences. However, there are some regional programming variations. For example, a number of programmes are made exclusively for regional viewings, such as Indian feeds, and The Record Europe, which is only broadcast in Europe.
On most feeds of BBC World News, when there are no commercials being inserted by the cable or satellite provider similar to other channels, the break filler shows promotions for upcoming programmes on the channel. During BBC News, a news story that has not been promoted airs during what would be the commercial break. This is the case on the broadband versions of BBC World News, and on versions of BBC World News aired in the United States on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) stations. However, there are some global commercials and sponsorships which air throughout the network.
On 11 September 2007, the break filler was redesigned and now more closely resembles previous versions[clarification needed]. The promotional videos now fill the entire screen and are interspersed with news and market updates, schedules, and other information. There is also no longer a unifying music composition. Instead, each 20-second promotional video uses music selected from a handful of themes, which have some unifying musical characteristics. The information screens, such as the 10-second plug for the website or YouTube channel, and the 15-second weather/time/coming up screens each feature their own theme. The colour theme was updated following the relaunch of the channel in April 2008.
Since its inception, and more so since its extensive association with the BBC News channel, the countdown to the hourly news bulletin has been a feature of the channel's presentation, accompanied by music composed by David Lowe. The current style of countdown features reporters and technical staff in many different locations working to bring news stories to air.
BBC World News was named Best International News Channel at the Association for International Broadcasting Awards in November 2006. It won a Peabody Award in 2007 for White Horse Village" and another in 2009 for "Where Giving Life is a Death Sentence."
- "About BBC World News TV". BBC News. 7 April 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- "BBC World News achieves major distribution milestone, reaching more than 330m households worldwide". BBC Media Centre. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- BBC. "BBC News – About BBC World News TV". BBC.
- BBC World Unveils A New Look And A New Schedule | Scoop News
- Sabbagh, Dan. "The news from the BBC: its £1bn new base is finally coming on air". Guardian. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "BBC World News goes widescreen". YouTube. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
- "About BBC World News TV". BBC. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Where and how to watch BBC World News". BBC. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "BBC World News launches On AT&T U-verse". BBC. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- "Livestation Bringing BBC, Sky News, Euronews to the U.S. in Subscription Package".
- 'BBC World News America' Shifts To BBC World News Multichannel News, 18 February 2011
- "Disponibles Sur Toutes Nos Destinations". Air France. 2009. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
- "Key Dates". BBC World News. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
- 67th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2008.
- 69th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2010.