Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike

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The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) (Translation: Greater Bangalore Municipal Corporation), is the administrative body responsible for the civic and infrastructural assets of the Greater Bangalore metropolitan area.

The BBMP represents the third level of government, (the Central government and State Government being the first two levels). Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike is run by a city council. The city council comprises elected representatives, called "corporators", one from each of the wards (localities) of the city. Elections to the council are held once every five years, with results being decided by popular vote. Members contesting elections to council represent one of more of the state's political parties. First elections to the newly created body was held on 28 March 2010, after the delays due to delimitation of wards and finalising voter lists.

Structure[edit]

A mayor and deputy mayor of the council are also elected for a period of 1-year, though not by popular vote. The post of the mayor and deputy mayor are filled through a quota system to a Scheduled Castes and Tribes candidate or to an Other Backward Class female candidate from among the elected Councillors [1]. However, in the absence of an elected body, the BBMP is at present run by an Administrator and a Commissioner, who are appointed by the State Government. The current Administrator is Mr. K.M. Sivakumar and the current Commissioner is Mr. H.Siddaiah, both senior IAS officers. The Additional Commissioner is a specially appointed IRS officer. The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike is responsible for civic and infrastructural requirements of the city. It often works in conjunction with other civic bodies such as the Agenda for Bengaluru Infrastracture Development Task Force (ABIDe) and the Bangalore Development Authority (BDA) to design and implement civic and infrastructural projects.

The obligatory and optional functions of ULB are listed below. The 12th Schedule of the Constitution of India (Article 243 W), inserted by the constitution 74th Amendment Act of 1992, provides a list of 18 functions as belonging to the legitimate domain of Urban Local Bodies [19]. 1) Urban Planning including town planning; 2) Regulation of land use and construction of buildings; 3) Planning for economic and social development; 4) Roads and bridges; 5) Water Supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes; 6) Public health, sanitation, conservancy and Solid Waste Management; 7) Fire services; 8) Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects; 9) Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and the mentally retarded; 10) Slum improvement and upgradation; 11) Urban Poverty Alleviation; 12) Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens and play grounds; 13) Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects; 14) Burials and burial grounds, cremations, cremation ghats/grounds, and electric crematoria; 15) Cattle pounds, prevention of cruelty to animals; 16) Vital statistics including registration of birth and deaths; 17) Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences; 18) Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries. It is also the responsibility of the ULB to co-ordinate between the different service delivery institutions. {created 2009.10}

History[edit]

The history of municipal governance of Bangalore dates back to 27 March 1862, when nine leading citizens of the city formed a Municipal Board under the Improvement of Towns Act of 1850. Later, a similar Municipal Board was also formed in the Cantonment area of the city. The two boards were legalised in 1881, and functioned as two independent bodies called the Bangalore City Municipality and the Bangalore Civil and Military Station Municipality. The following year, the concept of elected representatives come into being and also saw the introduction of property tax.

After Indian independence, the two Municipal Boards were merged to form the Corporation of the City of Bangalore in 1949, under the Bangalore City Corporation Act. The corporation then consisted of 70 elected representatives and 50 electoral divisions. The name of the council then changed — first to Bangalore City Corporation (BCC) and then to Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BMP).

In January 2007, the Karnataka Government issued a notification to merge 100 wards of the erstwhile Bangalore Mahanagara Palike with seven City Municipal Councils (CMC)s, one Town Municipal Council (TMC) and 111 villages around the city to form a single administrative area.[1] The process was completed by April 2007 and the body was renamed 'Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike'.

Elections were held in Mar–April 2010 after a period of Commissioner's rule[2][3] for the BBMP corporators and a Mayor S. K. Nataraj was chosen.

On 31 July 2012, the BBMP council passed a resolution to bring Electronics City within the limits of Greater Bangalore. The resolution will be operational pending state government approval. The addition of Electronics City will increase the area of BBMP limits by 440 acres. BBMP expects to earn a minimum of INR3 billion (US$50 million) from industries, posh residential units and 187 IT/ITES companies located in Electronics City.[4]

Zones[edit]

BBMP is divided into eight zones, for the ease of administration: Mahadevapura,

Dasarahalli,

Byatarayanapura

Bommanahalli,

Rajarajeshwarinagar,

South,

West,

East. Every zone has a Joint Commissioner, who is answerable to the BBMP commissioner. The decentralisation hasn't been very effective in addressing the problems in administration. The end of 2013 saw discussions in various circles about dividing BBMP into more parts.

Roles and Responsibilities[edit]

The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike is the fourth largest Municipal Corporation in India, after the city corporations that administer Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai. The BBMP is responsible for infrastructural assets of the Greater Bangalore Metropolitan area, spread across 741 km2, with a population of 6.8 million.

Its roles and responsibilities include the "orderly development of the city" — zoning and building regulations, health, hygiene, licensing, trade and education, as well as quality of life issues such as lung spaces, water bodies, parks and greenery.

BMP (Bangalore Mahanagara Palike) has killed over 2.5 million stray dogs from 1939 to 1999 for population management and rabies-eradication.

Criticism[edit]

The BBMP came under criticism in 2005 from Information Technology companies for failing to effectively address the crumbling road and traffic infrastructure of the city.

In July 2005, the Karnataka High Court castigated the BBMP for failing to maintain roads in good condition.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Notification at BMP website". 16 January 2007. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2007. 
  2. ^ BBMP Elections, retrieved 24 June 2010 
  3. ^ BBMP Election Results, retrieved 24 June 2010 
  4. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-08-01/bangalore/32979858_1_bbmp-n-r-ramesh-bruhat-bengaluru-mahanagara-palike

External links[edit]