BCL2L2

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BCL2-like 2
Protein BCL2L2 PDB 1mk3.png
PDB rendering based on 1mk3.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols BCL2L2 ; BCL-W; BCL2-L-2; BCLW; PPP1R51
External IDs OMIM601931 MGI108052 HomoloGene2989 ChEMBL: 4677 GeneCards: BCL2L2 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE BCL2L2 209311 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 599 12050
Ensembl ENSG00000129473 ENSMUSG00000089682
UniProt Q92843 P70345
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001199839 NM_007537
RefSeq (protein) NP_001186768 NP_031563
Location (UCSC) Chr 14:
23.77 – 23.78 Mb
Chr 14:
54.88 – 54.89 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Bcl-2-like protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BCL2L2 gene.[1][2] It was originally discovered by Leonie Gibson, Suzanne Cory and colleagues at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, who called it Bcl-w..[3]

Function[edit]

This gene encodes a pro-survival (anti-apoptotic) member of the bcl-2 protein family. The proteins of this family form hetero- or homodimers and act as anti- and pro-apoptotic regulators. Expression of this gene in cells has been shown to contribute to reduced cell apoptosis under cytotoxic conditions. Studies of the related gene in mice indicated a role in the survival of NGF- and BDNF-dependent neurons. Mutation and knockout studies of the mouse gene demonstrated an essential role in adult spermatogenesis.[2]

Relative to its Bcl-2 counterparts there is considerably less data on this particular protein. Located on chromosome 14q11 it appears to be redundant in most tissues apart from specific examples.

Interactions[edit]

BCL2L2 has been shown to interact with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gibson L, Holmgreen SP, Huang DC, Bernard O, Copeland NG, Jenkins NA, Sutherland GR, Baker E, Adams JM, Cory S (October 1996). "bcl-w, a novel member of the bcl-2 family, promotes cell survival". Oncogene 13 (4): 665–75. PMID 8761287. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: BCL2L2 BCL2-like 2". 
  3. ^ Gibson L, Holmgreen SP, Huang DC, et al. (1996). "bcl-w, a novel member of the bcl-2 family, promotes cell survival.". Oncogene 13 (4): 665–75. PMID 8761287. 
  4. ^ Hsu SY, Lin P, Hsueh AJ (September 1998). "BOD (Bcl-2-related ovarian death gene) is an ovarian BH3 domain-containing proapoptotic Bcl-2 protein capable of dimerization with diverse antiapoptotic Bcl-2 members". Mol. Endocrinol. 12 (9): 1432–40. doi:10.1210/mend.12.9.0166. PMID 9731710. 
  5. ^ O'Connor L, Strasser A, O'Reilly LA, Hausmann G, Adams JM, Cory S, Huang DC (January 1998). "Bim: a novel member of the Bcl-2 family that promotes apoptosis". EMBO J. 17 (2): 384–95. doi:10.1093/emboj/17.2.384. PMC 1170389. PMID 9430630. 
  6. ^ a b Ayllón V, Cayla X, García A, Fleischer A, Rebollo A (July 2002). "The anti-apoptotic molecules Bcl-xL and Bcl-w target protein phosphatase 1alpha to Bad". Eur. J. Immunol. 32 (7): 1847–55. doi:10.1002/1521-4141(200207)32:7<1847::AID-IMMU1847>3.0.CO;2-7. PMID 12115603. 
  7. ^ Chen L, Willis SN, Wei A, Smith BJ, Fletcher JI, Hinds MG, Colman PM, Day CL, Adams JM, Huang DC (February 2005). "Differential targeting of prosurvival Bcl-2 proteins by their BH3-only ligands allows complementary apoptotic function". Mol. Cell 17 (3): 393–403. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2004.12.030. PMID 15694340. 
  8. ^ Bae J, Hsu SY, Leo CP, Zell K, Hsueh AJ (October 2001). "Underphosphorylated BAD interacts with diverse antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins to regulate apoptosis". Apoptosis 6 (5): 319–30. doi:10.1023/A:1011319901057. PMID 11483855. 
  9. ^ Holmgreen SP, Huang DC, Adams JM, Cory S (June 1999). "Survival activity of Bcl-2 homologs Bcl-w and A1 only partially correlates with their ability to bind pro-apoptotic family members". Cell Death Differ. 6 (6): 525–32. doi:10.1038/sj.cdd.4400519. PMID 10381646. 

Further reading[edit]