Blu-ray Disc recordable

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A blank rewritable Blu-ray Disc (BD-RE)

Blu-ray Disc Recordable (or BD-R) refers to two direct to disc optical disc recording technologies that can be recorded on to an optical disc with an optical disc recorder. BD-R discs can be written to once, whereas BD-RE (Blu-ray Disc Recordable Erasable) can be erased and re-recorded multiple times. Disc capacities are 25 GB for single-layer discs, 50 GB for double-layer discs,[1] 100 GB for triple-layer, and 128 GB for quadruple-layer (in BD-R only).[2]

The minimum speed at which a Blu-ray Disc can be written is 36 megabits (4.5 megabytes) per second.[3]

Version[edit]

There are four versions of Blu-ray Disc Recordable Erasable (BD-RE) and three versions of Blu-ray Disc Recordable (BD-R). Each version includes three Parts (a.k.a. Books): Basic Format Specifications, File System Specifications, Audio Visual Basic Specifications. Each part has sub-versions (e.g. R2 Format Specification includes Part 3: Audio Visual Basic Specifications Ver.3.02, Part 2: File System Specifications Ver. 1.11, Part 1: Basic Format Specifications Ver. 1.3).[4][5][6][7]

BD-RE versions[edit]

Version 1.0RE 1.0

  • defined in 2002
  • unique BD File System (BDFS)
  • not computer compatible
  • BDAV (Blu-ray Disc Audio/Visual) application format[8]
  • BDCP as content protection[9][10]

Version 2.0RE 2.0

  • defined in 2005
  • UDF 2.5 file system for computer use
  • the use of AACS[11]
  • added Hybrid Format—defined for combined discs of BD/CD or BD/DVD. However, BD recording media (BD-RE and BD-R) are inapplicable. This book is attached to "Part 1 Basic Format Specifications" of every format, except BD-RE Version 1.[12]
  • BD-R Version 1.0 follows this specification[13]

Version 3.0RE 3.0

  • defined in September 2006
  • camcorder (8 cm) discs added—camcorder is added as one of BD product categories
  • backward compatible with Version 2.0
  • added BDMV (Blu-ray Disc Movie) application format[4][14]
  • BD-R Version 2.0 follows this specification

Version 4.0RE 4.0(BDXL)

  • defined in June 2010
  • a multi-layered rewritable in BDAV with the speed of 2× and 4×
  • capable of 100 GB and usage of UDF 2.5 as file system and Professional Device is a newly added as one of BD product categories[15]

BD-R versions[edit]

Version 1.0—R 1.0[edit]

  • defined in 2005
  • UDF 2.5 file system for computer use
  • uses AACS
  • BD-R Version 1 Part 3 is the same book as BD-RE Version 2 Part 3[16]
  • add BD-R Low To High (BD-R LTH) standard.[17]

Version 2.0—R 2.0[edit]

  • defined in September 2006
  • camcorder (8 cm) discs added—camcorder is added as one of BD product categories
  • backward compatible with Version 1
  • added BDMV (Blu-ray Disc Movie) application format
  • BD-R Version 2 Part 3 is the same book as BD-RE Version 3 Part 3[4]

Version 3.0—R 3.0 (BDXL)[edit]

  • defined in June 2010
  • a multi-layered recordable in BDAV with 2× and 4× speeds
  • capable of 100/128 GB and usage of UDF 2.5/2.6 as file system and Professional Device is a newly added as one of BD product categories[18]

Speed[edit]

Drive speed Data rate 25GB BD-R write time 50GB BD-R DL (25GB/layer) write time
[1] 36 Mbit/s 4.5 MB/s 4.29 MiB/s ~95 min. ~190 min.
72 Mbit/s 9 MB/s 8.58 MiB/s ~47 min. ~94 min.
144 Mbit/s 18 MB/s 17.16 MiB/s ~24 min. ~48 min.
216 Mbit/s 27 MB/s 25.75 MiB/s ~16 min. ~32 min.
288 Mbit/s 36 MB/s 34.33 MiB/s ~12 min. ~24 min.
10× 360 Mbit/s 45 MB/s 42.92 MiB/s ~10 min. ~20 min.
12× 432 Mbit/s 54 MB/s 51.50 MiB/s ~8 min. ~16 min.
14× 504 Mbit/s 63 MB/s 60.08 MiB/s ~7 min. ~14 min.
15× 540 Mbit/s 67.5 MB/s 64.37 MiB/s ~7 min ~13 min.
16× 576 Mbit/s 72 MB/s 68.66 MiB/s ~6 min. ~12 min.

Pricing[edit]

As of July 2013 (approximate pricing)

  • BD-R/RE drive US$50 and above[19]

As of February 2014 (approximate pricing)

  • 6× single-layer BD-R disc (25 GB) US$0.40 each in quantity;[20]
  • 6× double-layer BD-R disc (50 GB) US$2.40 in quantity;[21]
  • 2× single-layer BD-RE disc (25 GB) US$1.60 in quantity;[22]
  • 2× double-layer BD-RE disc (50 GB) US$4.57 in quantity;[23]

As of February 2014 (approximate pricing)

BD-R LTH (low to high)[edit]

BD-R LTH is a write-once Blu-ray Disc format that features an organic dye recording layer. "Low To High" refers to the reflectivity changing from low to high during the burning process, which is the opposite of normal. The advantage of BD-R LTH is it can protect a manufacturer's investment in DVD-R/CD-R manufacturing equipment. The manufacturer need only modify current equipment; it need not invest in new production lines. This is expected to lower the cost of disc manufacturing.[26]

Old Blu-ray players and recorders cannot utilize BD-R LTH; however, a firmware upgrade can enable devices to access BD-R LTH. Panasonic released such a firmware update in November 2007 for its DMR-BW200, DMR-BR100 and MR-BW900/BW800/BW700 models.[27] Pioneer was expected to ship the first LTH BD drives in Spring 2008.[28] Sony upgraded the PlayStation 3 firmware enabling BD-R LTH reading in March, 2008.[29]

In 2011, France's Ministry of Culture and Communication conducted a study on the suitability of data archival of LTH (low to high) discs compared to HTL (high to low) discs. The data they collected indicated that the overall quality of LTH discs is worse than HTL discs.[30][31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Blu-ray FAQ: How much data can you fit on a Blu-ray disc?". blu-ray.com (not affiliated with the Blu-ray Disc Association). Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  2. ^ "BDA approves BDXL quad-layer Blu-ray standard". afterdawn.com. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  3. ^ "Blu-ray FAQ: How fast can you read/write data on a Blu-ray disc?". blu-ray.com (not affiliated with the Blu-ray Disc Association). Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b c Blu-ray Disc Association. "R2 Format Specification". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  5. ^ White paper – Blu-ray Disc Format, 3. File System Specifications for BD-RE, R, ROM, August 2004, retrieved 2010-06-10 
  6. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "Blu-ray – All Books, As of December 2009". 
  7. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "Blu-ray – All Books, As of June 2010". 
  8. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "RE1 Format Specification". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  9. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "RE1 Content Protection". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  10. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "RE (Key) 1 Content Protection". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  11. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "RE 2 Content Protection". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  12. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "Hybrid Format Specification". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  13. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "RE2 Format Specification". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  14. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "RE3 Format Specification". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  15. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "RE4 Format Specification (BDXL)". Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  16. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "R1 Format Specification". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  17. ^ LTH was included in the "Blu-ray Disc Recordable Format Ver.1.2" specifications. cdrinfo.com
  18. ^ Blu-ray Disc Association. "R3 Format Specification (BDXL)". Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  19. ^ Electronics, Computers & Accessories, Blu-ray Burners. Amazon. Retrieved on 2012-05-16.
  20. ^ [1]. Amazon. Retrieved on 2014-07-16.
  21. ^ Smart Buy 50 Pack Bd-r Dl 50gb 6x Blu-ray Double Layer Recordable Disc Blank Logo Data Video Media 50-discs Spindle.... Amazon. Retrieved on 2014-08-19.
  22. ^ 25 Sony Bluray Rewritable Disk Bd-re 25gb Blu Ray Made in Japan Version Printable. Amazon. Retrieved on 2014-02-04.
  23. ^ Blu-ray Disc for TDK Lor Recording One to 2x Super-硬 Series Bd-re Dl (Two-layer Disk of Long Time) 50gb Atbev-50hcpwa10z (Japan Import). Amazon. Retrieved on 2014-02-04.
  24. ^ Verbatim BD-R XL - 4x 100 GB. Google Shopping. Retrieved on 2014-02-08.
  25. ^ DIGISTOR 100GB 4X Blu-ray Disc Recordable BD-R XL Blank Media, White Inkjet Printable Surface. Amazon. Retrieved on 2014-03-26.
  26. ^ Pioneer and Mitsubishi Develop Low cost BD-R Discs Using Organic Recording Layers, CDR info .
  27. ^ Firmware Adds Support for LTH BD-R Discs to Panasonic Recorders, CDR info .
  28. ^ Taiyo Yuden, Mitsubishi and Maxell Release First LTH BD-R Discs, CDR info .
  29. ^ PS3 firmware update v2.20 available – added support for LTH BD-R, After Dawn .
  30. ^ French research: Avoid Blu-ray LTH discs for data archival. myce. Retrieved on 2013-06-14.
  31. ^ Qualite des Disques Blu-Ray Enregistrables pour L’Archivage des Donnees Numeriques. Ministère de la Culture et de la Communica. Retrieved on 2013-06-14.

External links[edit]