BET

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BET
BET Logo.svg
Launched

January 25, 1980; 34 years ago (1980-01-25)
(as a Program block on Nickelodeon)

July 1, 1983; 31 years ago (1983-07-01)
(as a 24-hour TV channel)
Owned by Robert L. Johnson
(1980–2001)
BET Networks
(Viacom)
(2001–present)
Picture format 1080i (HDTV)
480i (SDTV/16:9 letterbox)
Slogan We Got You.
Country United States
Broadcast area United States and Canada
Headquarters Washington, D.C.
Sister channel(s) BET Gospel
BET Hip-Hop
Centric
Website BET.com
Availability
Satellite
DirecTV 329 (HD/SD)
1329 (VOD)
Dish Network 124 (HD/SD)
Bell TV/Telus Satellite TV (Canada) 576 (SD)
Shaw Direct (Canada) 582 (SD)
Cable
Available on most other cable systems Check local listings for channels
IPTV
Verizon FiOS 770 (HD)
270 (SD)
AT&T U-verse 1155 (HD)
155 (SD)
Bell Aliant TV (Canada) 221 (SD)
Bell Fibe TV (Canada) 576 (SD)

Black Entertainment Television (BET) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the BET Networks division of Viacom. It is the most prominent television network targeting African American audiences, and currently reaches more than 90 million households.[1] The channel is headquartered in Washington, D.C.. Programming on the network comprises original and acquired television series, and theatrically- and home video-released movies, along with mainstream rap, hip-hop and R&B music video. As of August 2013, approximately 91,159,000 American households (79.82% of households with television) receive BET.[2]

History[edit]

After stepping down as a lobbyist for the cable industry, Freeport, Illinois native Robert L. Johnson decided to launch his own cable television network. Johnson would soon acquire a loan for $15,000, and earned a $500,000 investment from media executive John Malone to start the network.[3] The network, which was named Black Entertainment Television, launched on January 25, 1980.[4] Initially broadcasting for two hours a week as a block of programming on Nickelodeon (it would not be until 1983 that BET became a full-fledged channel), the network's lineup consisted of music videos and reruns of popular black sitcoms.[3]

BET launched a news program, BET News, in 1988, with Ed Gordon as its anchor. Gordon later hosted other programs and specials on BET, such as Black Men Speak Out: The Aftermath, related to the 1992 Los Angeles riots and a recurring interview show Conversations with Ed Gordon.[5] In 1996, the talk show BET Tonight debuted with Tavis Smiley as host; in 2001, Ed Gordon replaced Smiley as host of the program.

In 1991, the network became the first black-controlled company to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange.[3] Starting the late 1990s, the network expanded with the launch of digital cable networks: what is now the general interest Centric originally launched as BET on Jazz (later known as BET Jazz and BET J), created originally to showcase jazz music-related programming, especially that of black jazz musicians; in 1998, it entered into a joint venture with Starz (then-owned by John Malone's Liberty Media) to launch a multiplex service of the premium channel featuring African American-oriented movies called BET Movies: Starz! 3 (later renamed Black Starz after BET dropped out of the venture following its purchase by Viacom, then-owner of Starz rival Showtime, and now known as Starz InBlack). In 2001, the network lost its status as a black-owned business when it was bought by media conglomerate Viacom for $3 billion. In 2005, Johnson retired from the network, turning over his titles as president and chief executive officer to former BET vice president Debra L. Lee.

By 2007, the network had launched two more music-oriented networks, BET Hip-Hop and BET Gospel. BET also launched a batch of original programming by this time, including reality shows Baldwin Hills and Hell Date, competition show Sunday Best, and town hall-style discussion show Hip Hop vs. America.[6] BET's president of entertainment Reginald Hudlin resigned from the network on September 11, 2008. He was then replaced by Stephen Hill, who is also executive vice president of music programming and talent.[7] BET announced in March 2010 that Ed Gordon would return to the network to host "a variety of news programs and specials."[8]

Programming[edit]

BET's programming began with a wide scope of comedy, music, public affairs and news programming including ComicView, Video Soul with Donnie Simpson, Video Vibrations, Softones, Screen Scene, Unreal/Planet Groove/Caribbean Rhythms, Jam Zone/Cita's World; Teen Summit; and BET News with Ed Gordon, Lead Story, BET Tonight with Tavis Smiley and BET Nightly News.

Original programming currently seen on BET includes Let's Stay Together, The Game (which it previously aired only in reruns starting in 2009, prior to reviving the former CW series in 2011), Real Husbands of Hollywood, Second Generation Wayans and Don't Sleep. Its only regularly-airing urban music video program is the countdown show 106 & Park, which debuted in September 2000. BET also airs a program block called "BET Morning Inspiration" in late night and on Sunday mornings, which features a mix of network-produced Christian programming and on Sunday mornings, gospel music. This block airs in lieu of infomercials in late night, which the network has not aired since 1997;[9] BET is one of a handful of cable channels and one of only two Viacom-owned networks to have discontinued airing infomercials (sister network Nick at Nite ran infomercials in some overnight timeslots from 1987 to 1998, with series airing in that daypart since then).

In addition, the channel broadcasts acquired television series, primarily in the form of sitcoms (such as The Parkers, Family Matters and Moesha), along with a few drama series; it also has off-network rights to the first-run syndicated talk show The Wendy Williams Show. Feature films released theatrically and on home video are also aired on the channel, comprising much of its primetime and weekend schedule.

BET Walk of Fame Awards[edit]

The BET Walk of Fame Awards were established in 1995 by BET. In 2004, proceeds were shared between United Negro College Fund (UNCF) and the BET Foundation, which executes the Healthy BET obesity awareness campaign and other pro-social causes like the annual charitable black-tie BET Walk of Fame ceremony.[10]

BET Awards[edit]

Main article: BET Awards

The BET Awards were established in 2001 by the network to celebrate African Americans and other minorities in music, acting, sports and other fields of entertainment over the past year. The awards are presented annually and broadcast live on BET. BET commissioned Artist/Sculptor and Hip-Hop culture icon Carlos "Mare139" Rodriguez to design the Award sculpture. Global promotion is provided by Kroszover Entertainment.

BET Honors[edit]

Main article: The BET Honors

The BET Honors were established in 2008 by the network to honor the lives and achievements of African-American luminaries. The awards are presented annually and broadcast on BET during Black History Month each February.

International[edit]

BET International[edit]

Main article: BET International

BET UK first transmitted on Videotron (now known as Virgin Media) and several other cable providers from 1993 until 1996.[11]

In May 2007 by Ofcom, BET International Inc. was given a license to rebroadcast in the United Kingdom. BET International is the first international version of the channel and is available in Europe, Africa and the Middle East through satellite providers. BET launched on February 27, 2008 on Sky channel 191 and began to be carried by Freesat channel 140 on August 8, 2008. BET+1 is also available on Sky channel 198 and Freesat channel 141, and is free-to-air. BET International shows a mix of content from the main BET channel and locally produced shows. An exclusive, but temporary HD version of the channel was made to show the 2009 BET Awards on Freesat EPG 142.

BET is additionally an associate member of the Caribbean Cable Cooperative.[12]

Canada[edit]

BET became available in Canada in October 1997 on most cable and satellite providers. The Canadian feed is the same as the American feed, though sitcoms and films with rights belonging to other Canadian television channels are replaced with a block of music videos without a BET logo.

BET Interactive[edit]

In 2006, BET Interactive, LLC became a subsidiary of BET.[13] BET also has a digital group including BET.com, BET on Blast, BET on Demand and BET mobile.[14]

BET Home Entertainment[edit]

BET's programming is distributed on DVD and through video-on-demand services under the name BET Home Entertainment. In 2007, a distribution deal was arranged with Paramount Home Entertainment.[15][16]

Criticism[edit]

A wide range of people have protested elements of BET's programming and actions, including: Public Enemy rapper Chuck D,[17] journalist George Curry,[18] writer Keith Boykin,[19] comic book creator Christopher Priest,[20] filmmaker Spike Lee,[21] Syracuse University professor of finance Dr. Boyce Watkins,[22] and cartoonist Aaron McGruder (who, in addition to numerous critical references throughout his series, The Boondocks, made two particular episodes, "The Hunger Strike" and "The Uncle Ruckus Reality Show", criticizing the channel). As a result, BET heavily censors suggestive content from the videos that it airs, often with entire verses and scenes removed from certain rap videos.[23][24]

Many scholars within the African American community maintain that BET perpetuates and justifies racism by effecting the stereotypes held about African Americans, and also by affecting the psyche of its young viewers through its bombardment of negative images of African Americans.[25]

Following the death of civil rights leader Coretta Scott King in 2006, BET broadcast its regularly scheduled music video programming, rather than covering King's funeral live as CNN, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, and BET competitors TV One and Black Family Channel were. The BET website streamed the funeral live, while the channel broadcast taped, 60-second reports periodically from the funeral by senior news correspondent Andre Showell. Michael Lewellen, BET's senior vice president for corporate communications, defended the decision: "We weighed a number of different options. In the end, we chose to offer a different kind of experience for BET viewers." Lewellen also said that BET received around "two dozen" phone calls and "a handful" of emails criticizing BET for not showing the King funeral live.[26] On the evening of the funeral, February 7, 2006, BET broadcast the tribute special Coretta Scott King: Married to the Mission, and BET repeated this the following Sunday, February 12.[27] Showell hosted a program featuring highlights of the funeral, Coretta Scott King: Celebrating Her Spirit, that broadcast that same day.[28] In its 2007 convention, the National Association of Black Journalists gave BET its Thumbs Down Award for not broadcasting King's funeral live.[29]

The New York Times reported that the Reverend Delman L. Coates and his organization Enough is Enough led protests every weekend outside the residences of BET executives against what they claim are negative stereotypes of black people perpetuated by BET music videos.[23] Enough is Enough backed an April 2008 report titled The Rap on Rap by the Parents Television Council that claimed that BET's rap programming, which they believed contained gratuitous sexual, violent and profane content, was targeting children and teens.[30]

In a 2010 interview, BET co-founder Sheila Johnson said that she herself is "ashamed" of what the network has become. "I don’t watch it. I suggest to my kids that they don't watch it", she said. "When we started BET, it was going to be the Ebony magazine on television. We had public affairs programming. We had news... I had a show called Teen Summit, we had a large variety of programming, but the problem is that then the video revolution started up... And then something started happening, and I didn't like it at all. And I remember during those days we would sit up and watch these videos and decide which ones were going on and which ones were not. We got a lot of backlash from recording artists...and we had to start showing them. I didn’t like the way women were being portrayed in these videos."[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BET Networks". Viacom. Retrieved September 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ Seidman, Robert (August 23, 2013). "List of How Many Homes Each Cable Networks Is In - Cable Network Coverage Estimates As Of August 2013". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Johnson, Robert; Dumaine, Brian (2002-10-01). "The Market Nobody Wanted". Fortune Small Business. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  4. ^ "Corporate Fact Sheet". BET Networks. Archived from the original on August 29, 2007. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Anne Janette (1996). "Gordon, Ed 1960 –". Contemporary Black Biography. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  6. ^ Deggans, Eric (July 24, 2007). "BET diversifies with confidence". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved December 30, 2010. 
  7. ^ Wiltz, Teresa; Farhi, Paul (2008-09-12). "BET President Resigns". The Washington Post. p. C7. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  8. ^ Bland, Bridget (March 8, 2010). "Ed Gordon: Returning to BET News". Black Voices. AOL. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  9. ^ BET Bails On Infomercials, MediaPost', July 1, 2002.
  10. ^ BET Walk of Fame salutes Smokey Robinson.www.thefreelibrary.com
  11. ^ "Black Entertainment Television (Bet) Uk Launch – What Happened??? « Www.Madnews.Biz". Madnews.wordpress.com. 2007-12-30. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
  12. ^ "Member channels of the Caribbean Cable Cooperative". Cctvcoop.com. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
  13. ^ "Companies: BET Interactive". LinkedIn. Retrieved 2011-07-26. 
  14. ^ "Companies: BET Networks Media Room". BET. Retrieved 2011-07-26. 
  15. ^ "BET Networks Launches Home Entertainment Division Through Partnership With Paramount Home Entertainment" (Press release). 2007-05-24. Retrieved 2013-12-29. "[...] today announced the launch of BET Home Entertainment through a partnership with Paramount Home Entertainment, who will distribute BET original television programming, made-for-DVD titles and acquired content on a worldwide basis." 
  16. ^ "Cable Guide 2010", adage.com, "BET Home Entertainment, a collection of BET-branded offerings for the home environment, including DVDs and video on demand" 
  17. ^ "BET 2001 ; THE FISHTANK OF FOOLS". publicenemy.com. 2001-03-30. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  18. ^ "Viacom's BET Turns into ET". georgecurry.com. 2002-12-10. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  19. ^ Keith Boykin (2002-12-18). "All Hail Bob Johnson". Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  20. ^ Christopher J. Priest (February 2001). "the ostracized negro". Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  21. ^ August 3, 2011 12:03 PM ET. "Zap2it - TV news - Spike Lee Dismisses BET". Tv.zap2it.com. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
  22. ^ Watkins, Boyce (2010-06-28). "Why there should be a black backlash against BET". theGrio. 
  23. ^ a b Lee, Felicia R. (2007-11-05). "Protesting Demeaning Images in Media". The New York Times. 
  24. ^ Eggerton, John (2008-04-09). "PTC, Enough Is Enough Campaign Take on MTV, BET". Broadcasting & Cable. 
  25. ^ Adams, Jonathan (June 11, 2008). "BET vs. Boondocks". Colorlines. Retrieved December 30, 2010. 
  26. ^ Shister, Gail (February 9, 2006). "BET leaves pack on King funeral -- it sticks with scheduled program". The Buffalo News. Retrieved December 30, 2010. 
  27. ^ "BET, BET.com Present Special Telecast, On-Line Coverage Honoring Life of Coretta Scott King" (Press release). BET. February 6, 2006. 
  28. ^ "BET Celebration of Coretta Scott King Continues Sunday With Three Hours of Tributes, Special Moments" (Press release). February 9, 2006. 
  29. ^ Williams, Juan (August 10, 2007). "'BET' Gets Thumbs Down Award From Journalists". Morning Edition. National Public Radio. Retrieved December 30, 2010. 
  30. ^ Moss, Linda; Umstead, R. Thomas (2008-04-10). "PTC Puts A Bad 'Rap' On BET, MTV". Multichannel News. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  31. ^ Grove, Lloyd (2010-04-29). "Sheila Johnson Slams BET". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]