Berliner FC Alemannia 1890
|Full name||Berliner FC Alemannia 1890|
|League||Bezirksliga Berlin Staffel 2 (VIII)|
|2013–14||Landesliga Berlin Staffel 1 (VII), 15th↓|
Berliner FC Alemannia 1890 is a German football club based in northern Berlin. The club was founded in 1890 als BTuFC Alemannia 1890. In 1994 the club merged with SC Wacker 04 and took the name BFC Alemannia 90 Wacker. However in 2013 they returned to their original name.
Alemannia 90 Berlin
Berliner Thor- und Fussball Club Alemannia was founded early in 1890 as SV Jugendlust 1890 Berlin before becoming BTuFC in February. They were also briefly partnered with Tambour-Verein Wanderlust that year. Sometime in the 1890s they adopted the name BFC Alemannia 90 Berlin. Initially the club played cricket which, alongside football and rugby, were English sports becoming popular in continental Europe at the time. A football department quickly developed, and the team played in Berlin's earliest leagues, becoming one of the founding clubs of the DFB (German Football Association) in Leipzig in 1900.
From 1903 to 1911 the team played in the Märkischer Fußball-Bund where they captured league titles in 1905 and 1907. Through the 1920s, Alemannia played in the first division Oberliga Berlin-Brandenburg, winning the division in 1924 by defeating Norden-Nordwest Berlin, and then losing their defence of their title to Hertha BSC the following year. The club advanced to the German championship rounds in both seasons, only to be put out in the early going. By 1929 their performance had slipped, and they were relegated.
In 1933, Allemannia became Alemannia. They did not qualify to play in the new first division Gauligen formed that year in the re-organization of German football under the Third Reich and remained out of top-flight competition for the duration of World War II. After the war, occupying Allied authorities ordered most organizations in the country disbanded, including sports and football clubs. The formation of new clubs was permitted late in 1945, and the membership of Alemannia was re-organized as SG Prenzlauer Berg West. This team appeared in the new Oberliga Berlin (I) and by 1947–48 was once again playing as Alemannia 90 Berlin. They played out their turn in the first division as a mid-table side until relegated in 1956, followed by a single season re-appearance that ended in a last-place finish in 1957–58. The club slipped briefly to fourth division play before playing in the Regionalliga Berlin (II) and Amateurliga Berlin (III) from the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s. By the time of their merger with Wacker in 1994, Alemannia had fallen to the fifth tier Landesliga Berlin.
SC Wacker 04 Berlin
Wacker was founded 25 July 1904 as Reinickendorfer FC West and in 1908 merged with Tegeler FC Hohenzollern 1905 to form SC Wacker 04 Tegel. Like Alemannia, the club played in the top-flight Oberliga Berlin through the 1920s, remaining a solid mid-table side throughout the years, never claiming a title of their own, but also never being relegated. Wacker remained in the top-flight, joining the Gauliga Berlin-Brandenburg (I) following the reorganization of German football under the Third Reich in 1933, but were immediately relegated. They returned after a single season absence, were sent down for the 1939–40 season, and after again being promoted in 1940, played in the first division until the end of the war.
Through the 1930s Wacker made a number of cup appearances. They were beaten 6–0 by Tennis Borussia Berlin in the final of the Berliner Landespokal in 1931 and made three appearances in the Tschammerspokal, predecessor to today's DFB-Pokal, with their best turn coming in 1935 when they advanced to the third round by defeating Altona Hamburg and Victoria Hamburg before being eliminated by SV Werder Bremen.
After the end of the war in 1945, Wacker resumed first division play in the Oberliga Berlin, initially as SG Reickendorf-West, but were sent down after a last place finish in 1956. They returned to the Oberliga a season later and stayed in first division football until the 1963 formation of the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional league. Wacker went on to play second tier football in the Regionalliga Berlin and the 2. Bundesliga Nord where they did quite well on the field despite limited resources. Through the early 1970s the club earned three second and one first place Regionalliga finishes. The club's experience in the 2.Bundesliga in the middle of the decade was more difficult, finally leading to their relegation to the Amateurliga Berlin (III) in 1977. After one more season in the 2. Bundesliga Nord, Wacker slipped to third and fourth division play where they toiled for a decade and a half before finally going bankrupt in 1994.
Fusion in 1994
Wacker's financial collapse saw many of the club's members join Alemannia, leading to the formation of BFC Alemannia 90 Wacker. The newly combined side played in the Landesliga Berlin (V) and enjoyed a brief surge of success, moving from the lower half of the table to two consecutive second place finishes. However, Alemannia Wacker has since faded but continued to play in the Verbandsliga Berlin as a mid-table side until its relegation in 2008. In 2013 they took back their original name. They currently play in the Bezirksliga Berlin (VIII) after their relegation from Landesliga Berlin (VII) in 2014.
- Thorball or Torball was a German word in use in the 1890s and early 1900s for the sport of cricket. Several early clubs playing the new "English" games of football, rugby, and cricket incorporated it into their name. The term never caught on and did not enter into common usage, soon being abandoned by sports clubs. Today torball may be used to refer to a form of football played by the blind or vision-impaired.