BL Boötis

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BL Boötis
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Boötes
Right ascension 14h 05m40.4s
Declination +28° 29′ 12′
Apparent magnitude (V) 14.45 - 15.10[1]
Characteristics
Database references
SIMBAD data
Data sources:
Hipparcos Catalogue,
CCDM (2002),
Bright Star Catalogue (5th rev. ed.)

BL Boötis (abbreviated to BL Boo) is a pulsating variable star in the constellation Boötes. It varies from magnitude 14.45 to 15.10 over 0.82 days.[1] It is located 4 arcminutes from the centre of (and assumed to be a member star of) the globular cluster NGC 5466. Its variability was first noted in 1961 by Russian astronomer Nikolaĭ Efimovich Kurochkin, who gave it the variable star designation BL Boötis. However, he thought it was an eclipsing binary. It was subsequently thought to be an RR Lyrae variable by T.I. Gryzunova in 1971.[2]

Robert Zinn confirmed it was a member of the globular cluster and found it was too blue to be an RR Lyrae variable. He gave it the name V19 within the cluster.[2] He calculated its mass to be around 1.56 times and its luminosity to be around 278 times that of the Sun; its absolute magnitude is -1.27.[3]

BL Boötis has been designated the prototype of a rare class of variable star known as an anomalous Cepheid or BL Boötis variable.[4] These stars are somewhat similar to Cepheid variables, but they do not have the same relationship between their period and luminosity. Their periods are similar to the ab subtypes of RR Lyrae variables; however, they are far brighter than these stars. Anomalous Cepheids are metal poor and have masses not much larger than the Sun's, on average, 1.5 solar masses.[4] The origin of these stars is uncertain, but thought to possibly be from the merger of two stars.[5] Detailed examination of the spectrum of BL Boötis with the Keck-1 telescope at the W. M. Keck Observatory showed that its effective (surface) temperature is around 6450 K at minimum light. It also showed that the chemical composition was consistent with ageing metal-poor (Population II) stars and hence cast doubt on the origin as a result of a stellar merger. The radial velocity is slower than would be expected if it were from a stellar merger.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Otero, Sebastian Alberto (23 November 2011). "BL Boötis". AAVSO Website. American Association of Variable Star Observers. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Zinn, Robert; Dahn, Conard C. (1976). "Variable 19 in NGC 5466: an anomalous cepheid in a globular cluster". Astronomical Journal 81: 527–33, 565. Bibcode:1976AJ.....81..527Z. doi:10.1086/111916. 
  3. ^ Zinn, Robert; King, Christopher R. (1982). "The mass of the anomalous cepheid in the globular cluster NGC 5466". Astrophysical Journal 262: 700–08. Bibcode:1982ApJ...262..700Z. doi:10.1086/160462. 
  4. ^ a b Good, Gerry A. (2003). Observing Variable Stars. Springer. pp. 61, 69–70. ISBN 978-1-85233-498-7. 
  5. ^ Balona, L. A. (2010). Challenges in Stellar Pulsation. Bentham Science Publishers. p. 135. ISBN 978-1-60805-185-4. 
  6. ^ McCarthy, James K.; Nemec, James M. (1997). "The Chemical Composition and Period Change Rate of the Anomalous Cepheid V19 in NGC 54661". The Astrophysical Journal 482 (1): 203–29. Bibcode:1997ApJ...482..203M. doi:10.1086/304118.