BM-14

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
RPU-14
16-tube multiple launch rocket.JPG
Type Multiple rocket launcher
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1952 - c.1990 (USSR)
Wars

Algerian Civil War, Dhofar Rebellion

War in Afghanistan
Production history
Designer NII 303
Designed 1951

The BM-14 (BM for Boyevaya Mashina, 'combat vehicle'), is a Soviet-made 140mm multiple rocket launcher, fielded by the Soviet Union.

The BM-14 can fire rockets fitted with chemical (MS-14), smoke (M-14D) or high-explosive fragmentation (M-14-OF) warheads. It is similar to the BM-13 "Katyusha" and was partly replaced in service by the 122 mm BM-21 Grad.

The rocket has a range of about 9.8 km and can carry a warhead of 8 kg weight. Launchers were built in 16 and 17-round variants.

The weapon is not accurate as there is no guidance system, but it is extremely effective in saturation fire.

Algerian armed forces used BM-14 rocket launchers in 1993 during the Algerian Civil War.[citation needed]

The BM-14 was believed to have been the delivery method for the Ghouta chemical attacks in August 2013, during the Syrian Civil War[1] The BM-14 is used by the Syrian government and large numbers have been captured by the rebels.

Variants[edit]

  • BM-14 (8U32) - 16-round model (two rows of 8), launcher mounted on the ZiS-151 truck. Entered service in 1952. Also known as BM-14-16.
    • BM-14M (2B2) - modified model, mounted on the ZIL-157.[2]
    • BM-14MM (2B2R) - final upgrade, mounted on the ZiL-131.[2]
  • BM-14-17 (8U35) - 17-round (8+9 launch tubes) launcher, mounted on the GAZ-63A. Developed in 1959. This launcher was also used on naval vessels, for example Project 1204 patrol boats.
  • RPU-14 (8U38) - towed 16-round version, based on the carriage of the 85mm gun D-44 and used by Soviet Airborne Troops, where it was replaced by the 122mm BM-21V "Grad-V".

Operators[edit]

Similar designs[edit]

  • The Type 63 130mm multiple rocket launcher (not to be confused with the towed Type 63 of 107mm) is the Chinese version of the BM-14-17. It has a slightly smaller calibre but is fitted with 19 instead of 17 launch tubes. The Type 63 MRL is based on the Nanjing NJ-230 or 230A 4x4 truck, a licence-produced version of the Soviet GAZ-63/63A.
  • The WP-8z (Polish: Wyrzutnia Pocisków rakietowych) was a Polish towed rocket launcher that was developed in 1960. The weapon was subsequently produced between 1964 and 1965. It fired the same rockets as the RPU-14 but had only 8 launch tubes. The main operator was the 6th Pomeranian Airborne Division (Polish: 6 Pomorska Dywizja Powietrzno-Desantowa).[6] with 12-18 WP-8s in its inventory.[7][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Syria chemical attack: What we know". BBC. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b БМ-14 — Википедия (in Russian). Ru.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  3. ^ Operations Modular and Hooper
  4. ^ Russian Army Equipment
  5. ^ http://portal.sipri.org/publications/pages/transfer/trade-register
  6. ^ "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's | IHS". Articles.janes.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  7. ^ "6 PDPD". Oocities.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  8. ^ "Wyrzutnia rakietowa WP-8z". Militarium. 2009-02-17. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  9. ^ "WP-8z – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia" (in Polish). Pl.wikipedia.org. 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

  • BM-12 multiple rocket launcher
  • Katyusha World War II multiple rocket launchers (BM-13, BM-8, and BM-31)
  • M16 (rocket), U.S. 4.5 inch multiple rocket launcher
  • BM-21 Grad 122 mm multiple rocket launcher
  • BM-27 Uragan 220 mm multiple rocket launcher