|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2013)|
|Type||Multiple rocket launcher|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|In service||1952 - c.1990 (USSR)|
|Wars||War in Afghanistan|
The BM-14 can fire rockets fitted with chemical (MS-14), smoke (M-14D) or high-explosive fragmentation (M-14-OF) warheads. It is similar to the BM-13 "Katyusha" and was partly replaced in service by the 122 mm BM-21 Grad.
The rocket has a range of about 9.8 km and can carry a warhead of 8 kg weight. Launchers were built in 16 and 17-round variants.
The weapon is not accurate as there is no guidance system, but it is extremely effective in saturation fire.
The BM-14 was believed to have been the delivery method for the Ghouta chemical attacks in August 2013, during the Syrian Civil War The BM-14 is used by the Syrian government and large numbers have been captured by the rebels.
- BM-14 (8U32) - 16-round model (two rows of 8), launcher mounted on the ZiS-151 truck. Entered service in 1952. Also known as BM-14-16.
- BM-14-17 (8U35) - 17-round (8+9 launch tubes) launcher, mounted on the GAZ-63A. Developed in 1959. This launcher was also used on naval vessels, for example Project 1204 patrol boats.
- RPU-14 (8U38) - towed 16-round version, based on the carriage of the 85mm gun D-44 and used by Soviet Airborne Troops, where it was replaced by the 122mm BM-21V "Grad-V".
- Algeria - 50
- Angola - A number destroyed during the Angolan Civil War.
- Burkina Faso
- Cambodia - 10
- Indonesia - Indonesian Army (TNI-AD) operates 24 BM-14-17 launchers.
- Russia - 50 BM-13, BM-14.
- Sudan - 200 BM-14
- Syria - 200 BM-14 purchased in 1967 
- Soviet Union - Passed on to successor states in 1991.
- Vietnam - 700
- Yemen - 30
- The Type 63 130mm multiple rocket launcher (not to be confused with the towed Type 63 of 107mm) is the Chinese version of the BM-14-17. It has a slightly smaller calibre but is fitted with 19 instead of 17 launch tubes. The Type 63 MRL is based on the Nanjing NJ-230 or 230A 4x4 truck, a licence-produced version of the Soviet GAZ-63/63A.
- The WP-8z (Polish: Wyrzutnia Pocisków rakietowych) was a Polish towed rocket launcher that was developed in 1960. The weapon was subsequently produced between 1964 and 1965. It fired the same rockets as the RPU-14 but had only 8 launch tubes. The main operator was the 6th Pomeranian Airborne Division (Polish: 6 Pomorska Dywizja Powietrzno-Desantowa). with 12-18 WP-8s in its inventory.
- "Syria chemical attack: What we know". BBC. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- БМ-14 — Википедия (in Russian). Ru.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- Operations Modular and Hooper
- Russian Army Equipment
- "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's | IHS". Articles.janes.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "6 PDPD". Oocities.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "Wyrzutnia rakietowa WP-8z". Militarium. 2009-02-17. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "WP-8z – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia" (in Polish). Pl.wikipedia.org. 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- Use of BM-14 by the Taliban
- Description of BM-14
- Use of BM-14 by Cuban Armed Forces
- Range and Payload
- Algerian use of BM-14 as of 1993
- Walk-around of Type 63 130mm MRL
- BM-12 multiple rocket launcher
- Katyusha World War II multiple rocket launchers (BM-13, BM-8, and BM-31)
- M16 (rocket), U.S. 4.5 inch multiple rocket launcher
- BM-21 Grad 122 mm multiple rocket launcher
- BM-27 Uragan 220 mm multiple rocket launcher